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09 Jul 2020 | 04:15 PM (IST)
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Glucotrol 5mg Tablet

Prescription Required
SALT COMPOSITION
Storage
Store at room temperature (10-30°C)

Introduction

Glucotrol 5mg Tablet is a medicine used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults. It belongs to a group of medicines called sulfonylureas and helps control blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. This helps to prevent serious complications of diabetes like kidney damage and blindness.

Glucotrol 5mg Tablet may be used by itself or along with other medicines. It should be taken on an empty stomach. Take it regularly at the same time each day to get the most benefit. Your doctor will decide what dose is best for you and this may change from time to time according to how it is working.

Keep taking this medicine, even if you feel well or your blood sugar levels are controlled. If you stop it without consulting your doctor, your blood sugar levels could rise and put you at risk of kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, and loss of limbs. Remember that it is only part of a treatment program that should also include a healthy diet, regular exercise, and weight reduction as advised by your doctor. Your lifestyle plays a big part in controlling diabetes.

The most common side effects of taking this medicine include diarrhea, nervousness, tremor, and flatulence. It can also sometimes cause low blood glucose levels (hypoglycemia). Make sure you recognize the signs of having low blood glucose levels, such as sweating, dizziness, headache, and shaking, and know how to deal with it. To prevent this, it's important to have regular meals and always carry a fast-acting source of glucose such as sugary food or fruit juice with you. Drinking alcohol can also increase your risk of low blood sugar levels and should be avoided. Some people may find that they put on weight with this medicine.

You should not take it if you have type 1 diabetes mellitus, if you have diabetic ketoacidosis (high levels of acid in your blood), or if you have severe kidney or liver disease. Before taking this medicine, tell your doctor if you have ever had heart disease, thyroid disease, or some hormonal conditions. It may not be suitable. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should also consult their doctor before taking it. Your blood sugar levels should be checked regularly and your doctor may also advise blood tests to monitor your blood cell counts and liver function.

Uses of Glucotrol Tablet

Benefits of Glucotrol Tablet

In Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Glucotrol 5mg Tablet works by increasing the amount of insulin your body produces (in the pancreas). The insulin then works to lower your blood glucose level. It is usually taken once a day. You should keep taking it for as long as it is prescribed

Lowering blood glucose levels is an essential part of managing diabetes. If you can control the level you will reduce the risk of getting any of the serious complications of diabetes such as kidney damage, eye damage, nerve problems, and loss of limbs. Taking this medicine regularly along with proper diet and exercise will help you live a normal, healthy life.

Side effects of Glucotrol Tablet

Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them

Common side effects of Glucotrol

  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Nervousness
  • Tremor
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose level)
  • Flatulence

How to use Glucotrol Tablet

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Glucotrol 5mg Tablet is to be taken empty stomach.

How Glucotrol Tablet works

Glucotrol 5mg Tablet is an antidiabetic medication. It works by increasing the amount of insulin released by the pancreas in order to lower blood glucose.

Safety Advice

Alcohol
UNSAFE
It is unsafe to consume alcohol with Glucotrol 5mg Tablet.
Pregnancy
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Glucotrol 5mg Tablet may be unsafe to use during pregnancy. Although there are limited studies in humans, animal studies have shown harmful effects on the developing baby. Your doctor will weigh the benefits and any potential risks before prescribing it to you. Please consult your doctor.
Breastfeeding
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
Glucotrol 5mg Tablet is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug does not represent any significant risk to the baby.
Monitoring of the breastfed infant's blood glucose is advisable during maternal therapy with Glucotrol 5mg Tablet
Driving
CAUTION
Your ability to drive may be affected if your blood sugar is too low or too high. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.
Kidney
CAUTION
Glucotrol 5mg Tablet should be used with caution in patients with severe kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Glucotrol 5mg Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
These patients can experience very low blood sugar levels with this medicine, which may take a long time to come back to normal
Liver
CAUTION
Glucotrol 5mg Tablet should be used with caution in patients with severe liver disease. Dose adjustment of Glucotrol 5mg Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.

What if you forget to take Glucotrol Tablet?

You should skip a dose of Glucotrol 5mg Tablet if a meal is skipped, and add a dose of medicine if you eat an extra meal.

Alternate Brands

For informational purposes only. Consult a doctor before taking any medicines.
Glucotrol 5mg Tablet
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Quick Tips

  • Take it shortly before or with the first main meal of the day (usually breakfast). Avoid skipping meals.
  • Be careful while driving or operating machinery until you know how Glucotrol 5mg Tablet affects you.
  • It can cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level) when used with other antidiabetic medicines, alcohol or if you delay or miss a meal.
  • Always carry some sugary food or fruit juice with you in case you experience hypoglycemic symptoms such as cold sweats, cool pale skin, tremor and anxiety.
  • Your doctor may check your liver function regularly. Inform your doctor if you develop symptoms, such as abdominal pain, loss of appetite, or yellowing of the eyes or skin (jaundice).

Fact Box

Chemical Class
Second-generation sulfonylurea derivative
Habit Forming
No
Therapeutic Class
ANTI DIABETIC

Interaction with Drugs

Taking Glucotrol with any of the following medicines can modify the effect of either of them and cause some undesirable side effects
Brand(s): Metstol, Tmp, Keno
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Amiur
SERIOUS
Brand(s): Vintol, Dipcad, Atenofine
SERIOUS
Brand(s): Becoride
SERIOUS

Patient Concerns

arrow
Diabetes mellitus type 2 ,thirst
Dr. Sanjay Bhatt
Physician
A person can control his or her sugar levels by doing regular exercise and walk or regular aerobic exercises at least 30 to 45 minutes per day.MEDICAL NUTRITIONAL THERAPY THAT IS TO MAINTAIN CALORIES INTAKE AS PER BMI .TAKE HELP OF DIABETIC EDUCATOR. VISIT YOUR DOCTOR AND FOLLOW ALL WHAT DOCTOR SUGGESTED.IN TIME ALL ROUTINE INVESTIGATIONS SHOULD BE DONE.you should not treat it as disease but a start of a healthy life.Uncontrolled sugar levels for long time leads to lower limb weakness which is neuropathy and which is followed by foot ulcers and other complications like kidney or heart problems .online prescription is not allowed without seeing pt.so contact doctor nearby for any change or dose adjustment or visit my clinic at gurgaon sector 52 RdCity snergy multi speciality clinic near SRS MARKET
Diabetes mellitus type 2 required only ayurvedic medicine
Dr. Sanjay Bhatt
Physician
Go for allopathic medicine
arrow
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FAQs

Q. What is the best time to take Glucotrol 5mg Tablet?

Take Glucotrol 5mg Tablet before meals or exactly as instructed by your doctor. There is evidence stating that Glucotrol 5mg Tablet works best at controlling post meal high blood sugar levels when taken 30 minutes before breakfast. So, if you are supposed to take it once daily, take it in the morning before breakfast with a glass of water.

Q. Is Glucotrol 5mg Tablet the same as metformin?

No, Glucotrol 5mg Tablet is not the same as metformin. Although both these oral medicines are used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, the way they work to reduce the sugar levels are different. While Glucotrol 5mg Tablet acts by increasing the secretion of insulin by the pancreas, metformin acts by improving the functioning and effectiveness of the insulin already available in the body.

Q. Is Glucotrol 5mg Tablet bad for kidneys?

No, Glucotrol 5mg Tablet is not harmful if your kidney function is normal. Any previous case of kidney problem should be informed to the doctor, so that the use of Glucotrol 5mg Tablet can be assessed. This is done in order to analyze whether Glucotrol 5mg Tablet can be given or not because it is principally excreted by the kidney. If you have kidney problems you will be started at a lower dose.

Q. Does Glucotrol 5mg Tablet make you sleepy?

Glucotrol 5mg Tablet itself does not cause sleepiness. However, it may cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) when used with other anti-diabetes medicine. Because of this you may feel sleepy or have problems in sleeping.

Q. Can I take Glucotrol 5mg Tablet with insulin?

Glucotrol 5mg Tablet, when used with insulin, can help to control high blood sugar levels. Taking them together can help to lower the dose of insulin but there could also be an increased risk of hypoglycemia. Dose of these medicines may need to be adjusted along with regular blood sugar level monitoring.

Q. Does Glucotrol 5mg Tablet cause weight gain?

Yes, Glucotrol 5mg Tablet can cause weight gain. It is advisable to closely monitor your diet and do regular exercise while taking this medicine. Avoid skipping your meal as it can cause very low blood sugar levels and you may end up snacking or taking a lot of sugars.

Q. Is Glucotrol 5mg Tablet a Thiazolidinedione?

No, Glucotrol 5mg Tablet is not a Thiazolidinedione, it is a sulfonylurea. However, both are antidiabetic medicines but belong to a different group of medicines.

Q. Who should not take Glucotrol 5mg Tablet?

Glucotrol 5mg Tablet should be avoided by patients who are allergic to it, have severe kidney or liver disease, have G6PD-deficiency (an inherited condition affecting red blood cells), or are due to have surgery. Along with that, patients who are trying to get pregnant, are pregnant, or breastfeeding, or have insulin-dependent diabetes (type 1 diabetes mellitus) should also avoid taking Glucotrol 5mg Tablet.

Q. What can happen if I take more than the recommended dose of Glucotrol 5mg Tablet?

Overdose of Glucotrol 5mg Tablet may significantly decrease your blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia). If you have taken an excess dose then you should instantly consume enough sugar (e.g., a small bar of sugar cubes, sweet juice or sweetened tea) and inform a doctor immediately. Severe cases of hypoglycemia accompanied by loss of consciousness and coma are cases of medical emergency requiring immediate medical attention.

Q. Can I skip Glucotrol 5mg Tablet for a few days?

No, Glucotrol 5mg Tablet should not be skipped, as it can make your diabetes worse. If, you miss the dose by mistake, take it as soon as you remember.

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1mg's sole intention is to ensure that its consumers get information that is expert-reviewed, accurate and trustworthy. However, the information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for the advice of a qualified physician. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. This may not cover all possible side effects, drug interactions or warnings or alerts. Please consult your doctor and discuss all your queries related to any disease or medicine. We intend to support, not replace, the doctor-patient relationship.

References

  1. Powers AC, D’Alessio D. Endocrine Pancreas and Pharmacotherapy of Diabetes Mellitus and Hypoglycemia. In: Brunton LL, Chabner BA, Knollmann BC, editors. Goodman & Gilman’s: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 12th ed. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2011. pp. 1255-1257.
  2. Nolte MS. Pancreatic hormones and antidiabetic drugs. In: Katzung BG, Masters SB, Trevor AJ, editors. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 11th ed. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited; 2009. pp. 740.
  3. Briggs GG, Freeman RK, editors. A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk: Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2015. pp. 630-31.
  4. Glipizide. Ascoli Piceno, Italy: Pharmacia Italia S.p.a.; 2018. [Accessed 13 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  5. Glipizide. New York, New York: Roerig; 2010. [Accessed 13 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link

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