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CBC (Complete Blood Count)

Also known as Full blood examination, Full blood cell count, Complete blood picture, FBC, CBP, FBE, TC, DC, TLC, Platelet count, CBC with Differential, CBC + Differential
CBC (Complete Blood Count) Includes 21 testsView All
299350 14% Off
You need to provide
Blood
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. No special preparation is required.

Understanding CBC (Complete Blood Count)


What is CBC (Complete Blood Count)?

The CBC (Complete Blood Count) test provides important information about the blood components, including red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets. It is often used as a screening tool to assess overall health, detect various medical conditions, and monitor the effectiveness of treatments.

Human blood comprises components like red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets, essential for various physiological processes in your body. RBCs are the abundant cells in the blood that consist of a protein called hemoglobin, which helps transport oxygen throughout the body. WBCs form the part of the immune system that helps protect the body against infections and other diseases. Platelets are tiny blood cells that help form clots to stop bleeding after an injury. As these blood cell types perform vital functions, determining their levels helps provide important health information.

The CBC (Complete Blood Count) test is a standard blood test that measures the number of RBCs, WBCs, and platelets, which help detect and diagnose various conditions such as anemia, infections, bleeding disorders, leukemia, and other blood-related diseases. This test can provide important insights into your overall health status and guide further diagnostic and treatment decisions. No special preparation is needed for a CBC test. You can eat or drink normally as per your daily routine.

Test result ranges are approximate and may differ slightly between labs depending on the methodology and laboratory guidelines. Talk to your doctor about your specific test results. The results will help them determine your medical condition, make recommendations for lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise, decide whether or not medication will be required to manage your condition, and formulate an overall treatment plan.

What is CBC (Complete Blood Count) used for?

The CBC (Complete Blood Count) test can be done:

  • As part of routine health checkups to monitor your overall health. 
  • If you have symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, or fever.
  • To identify diseases like anemia (low number of red blood cells), immune system disorders, blood cancers, bleeding disorders, etc.
  • To monitor the effects of treatments known to affect blood cells, such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

What does CBC (Complete Blood Count) measure?

Contains 21 tests

The CBC (Complete Blood Count) test evaluates red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs}, and platelets. Each of these blood cells performs essential functions–RBCs carry oxygen from your lungs to the various body parts, WBCs help fight infections and other diseases, and platelets help your blood to clot–so determining their levels can provide significant health information. A CBC test also determines the hemoglobin level, a protein in RBC that carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of your body. Evaluating all these components together can provide important information about your overall health.

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Differential Leukocyte Count

There are five types of WBCs: neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, and basophils. A Differential Leukocyte Count test measures the percentage of each type of WBC in the blood. Leukocytes or WBCs are produced in the bone marrow and defend the body against infections and diseases. Each type of WBC plays a unique role to protect against infections and is present in different numbers.

Know more about Differential Leukocyte Count

This further contains

  • Differential Neutrophil Count
  • Differential Lymphocyte Count
  • Differential Monocyte Count
  • Differential Eosinophil Count
  • Differential Basophil Count
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Red Blood Cell Count

The Red Blood Cell Count test measures the total number of red blood cells in your blood. RBCs are the most abundant cells in the blood with an average lifespan of 120 days. These cells are produced in the bone marrow and destroyed in the spleen or liver. Their primary function is to help carry oxygen from the lungs to different body parts. The normal range of RBC count can vary depending on age, gender, and the equipment and methods used for testing.

Know more about Red Blood Cell Count

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Hb (Hemoglobin)

An Hb (Hemoglobin) test measures the concentration of hemoglobin protein in your blood. Hemoglobin is made up of iron and globulin proteins. It is an essential part of RBCs and is critical for oxygen transfer from the lungs to all body tissues. Most blood cells, including RBCs, are produced regularly in your bone marrow. The Hb test is a fundamental part of a complete blood count (CBC) and is used to monitor blood health, diagnose various blood disorders, and assess your response to treatments if needed.

Know more about Hb (Hemoglobin)

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Platelet Count

The Platelet Count test measures the average number of platelets in the blood. Platelets are disk-shaped tiny cells originating from large cells known as megakaryocytes, which are found in the bone marrow. After the platelets are formed, they are released into the blood circulation. Their average life span is 7-10 days. 

Platelets help stop the bleeding, whenever there is an injury or trauma to a tissue or blood vessel, by adhering and accumulating at the injury site and releasing chemical compounds that stimulate the gathering of more platelets. A loose platelet plug is formed at the site of injury and this process is known as primary hemostasis. These activated platelets support the coagulation pathway that involves a series of steps, including the sequential activation of clotting factors; this process is known as secondary hemostasis. After this step, there is a formation of fibrin strands that form a mesh incorporated into and around the platelet plug. This mesh strengthens and stabilizes the blood clot so that it remains in place until the injury heals. After healing, other factors come into play and break the clot down so that it gets removed. In case the platelets are not sufficient in number or not functioning properly, a stable clot might not form. These unstable clots can result in an increased risk of excessive bleeding. 

Know more about Platelet Count

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Total Leukocyte Count

The Total Leukocyte Count test measures the numbers of all types of leukocytes, namely neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, eosinophil, and basophil, in your blood. Leukocytes or WBCs are an essential part of our immune system. These cells are produced in the bone marrow and defend the body against infections and diseases. Each type of WBC plays a unique role to protect against infections and is present in different numbers.

Know more about Total Leukocyte Count

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Hematocrit

The Hematocrit test measures the proportion of red blood cells (RBCs) in your blood as a percentage of the total blood volume. It is a crucial part of a complete blood count (CBC) and helps in assessing your blood health. RBCs are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to different parts of the body. The hematocrit test provides valuable information about your blood's oxygen-carrying capacity.

Higher-than-normal amounts of RBCs produced by the bone marrow can cause the hematocrit to increase, leading to increased blood density and slow blood flow. On the other hand, lower-than-normal hematocrit can be caused by low production of RBCs, reduced lifespan of RBCs in circulation, or excessive bleeding, leading to a reduced amount of oxygen being transported by RBCs. Monitoring your hematocrit levels is essential for diagnosing and managing various blood-related disorders.

Know more about Hematocrit

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Mean Corpuscular Volume

The Mean Corpuscular Volume test measures the average size of your red blood cells, which carry oxygen through your body. This test tells whether your RBCs are of average size and volume or whether they are bigger or smaller.

Know more about Mean Corpuscular Volume

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Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin

An MCH test measures the average amount of hemoglobin in a single red blood cell (RBC). Hemoglobin is an iron-containing protein in RBCs, and its major function is to transport oxygen from the lungs to all body parts. This test provides information about how much oxygen is being delivered to the body by a certain number of RBCs.

Know more about Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin

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Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

An MCHC test measures the average amount of hemoglobin in a given volume of RBCs. MCHC is calculated by dividing the amount of hemoglobin by hematocrit (volume of blood made up of RBCs) and then multiplying it by 100. 

Know more about Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration

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Mean Platelet Volume

An MPV test measures the average size of the platelets in your blood. Platelets are disk-shaped tiny cells originating from large cells known as megakaryocytes, which are found in the bone marrow. After the platelets are formed, they are released into the blood circulation. Their average life span is 7-10 days. 

Platelets help stop bleeding whenever there is an injury or trauma to a tissue or blood vessel by adhering and accumulating at the injury site, and by releasing chemical compounds that stimulate the gathering of more platelets. After these steps, a loose platelet plug is formed at the site of injury, and this process is known as primary hemostasis. These activated platelets support the coagulation pathway that involves a series of steps including the sequential activation of clotting factors; this process is known as secondary hemostasis. After this, there is a formation of fibrin strands that form a mesh incorporated into and around the platelet plug. This mesh strengthens and stabilizes the blood clot so that it remains in place until the injury heals. After healing, other factors come into play and break the clot down so that it gets removed. In case the platelets are not sufficient in number or are not functioning properly, a stable clot might not form. These unstable clots can result in an increased risk of excessive bleeding. 

Know more about Mean Platelet Volume

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PDW

The PDW test reflects variability in platelet size, and is considered a marker of platelet function and activation (clot formation in case of an injury). This marker can give you additional information about your platelets and the cause of a high or low platelet count. Larger platelets are usually younger platelets that have been recently released from the bone marrow, while smaller platelets may be older and have been in circulation for a few days. Higher PDW values reflect a larger range of platelet size, which may result from increased activation, destruction and consumption of platelets.

Know more about PDW

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RDW CV

The RDW CV test which is part of red cell indices, helps identify characteristics of red blood cells. RDW (red cell distribution width) measures the variations in the sizes of red blood cells, indicating how much they differ from each other in a blood sample. RDW is expressed as RDW-CV, a coefficient of variation. A higher RDW may suggest more variation in red cell sizes, while a lower RDW indicates more uniform red cell sizes.

Know more about RDW CV

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Absolute Leucocyte Count

The Absolute Leucocyte Count test measures the total number of white blood cells (leucocytes) in the given volume of blood. It examines different types of white blood cells such as neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, basophils and eosinophils. These cells tell about the status of the immune system and its ability to fight off infections and other conditions like inflammation, allergies, bone marrow disorders etc.

Know more about Absolute Leucocyte Count

This further contains

  • Absolute Lymphocyte Count
  • Absolute Neutrophil Count
  • Absolute Basophil Count
  • Absolute Monocyte Count
  • Absolute Eosinophil Count

Interpreting CBC (Complete Blood Count) results


Interpretations

Meaning of Abnormal CBC Test Results

  • Hemoglobin

Decreased levels - Anemia

Increased levels - Polycythemia

  • WBC

 Decreased levels - Aplastic anemia, Bone marrow disorders, Autoimmune conditions
Increased levels - Infections, Inflammatory disorders, Leukemia, Myeloproliferative disorders
  • Neutrophil count

Decreased levels (Neutropenia) - Aplastic anemia, Autoimmune disorders, Drug reactions or Chemotherapy
Increased levels  (Neutrophilia) - Acute bacterial infections, Inflammation, Burns
  • Lymphocyte count

Decreased levels (Lymphopenia) - Bone marrow damage, Aplastic anemia, Autoimmune disorders
Increased levels (Lymphocytosis) - Acute viral infections, Tuberculosis, Lymphocytic leukemia
  • Monocyte count

Decreased levels - Bone marrow damage
Increased levels (Monocytosis) - Chronic infections like tuberculosis, Bacterial endocarditis, Collagen vascular disorders, Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Eosinophil count

Decreased levels - Rare and medically insignificant
Increased levels (Eosinophilia) - Asthma, Allergies, Drug reactions, Parasitic infections
  • Basophil count

Decreased levels - Medically insignificant
Increased levels (Basophilia) - Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
  • Platelet count

Decreased levels (Thrombocytopenia) - Viral infections like dengue fever, bleeding or platelet disorders
Increased levels (Thrombocytosis) -Blood Loss, Chronic Infection or Inflammatory Disease, Removal of the spleen

Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about CBC (Complete Blood Count)


Frequently Asked Questions about CBC (Complete Blood Count)

Q. What is a CBC test?

A CBC test is a blood test that measures the number of cells like RBCs (red blood cells), WBCs (white blood cells), and platelets in the blood.

Q. What is the full form of a CBC test?

The full form of a CBC test is a Complete Blood Count test.

Q. What is the purpose of a CBC blood test?

The purpose of a CBC test is to determine the risk of conditions like anemia, infections, leukemia, and other blood-related diseases.

Q. What is the best time to take the CBC (Complete Blood Count) test?

You can take a CBC test at any time of the day. It is best to consult your doctor regarding the timing and other instructions for your test.

Q. How is the CBC test performed?

A phlebotomist (a trained professional to perform blood draws) will clean your skin using an antiseptic alcohol cotton swab or wipe and take blood samples from your vein using a needle. The blood sample will be stored safely and transported to the laboratory for analysis.

Q. What can affect my CBC test results?

Talk with your doctor to learn what your test results mean. However, factors such as your diet, activity level, medicines, menstrual period, not drinking enough water, and stress can affect your test results.

Q. Is there any risk associated with the CBC test?

There is usually no risk associated with this test. However, some people may feel a slight sting when a needle is pricked or experience some bleeding, which is normal and usually not bothersome. Some people may also experience slight swelling or bruising at the site of the needle prick. Applying ice 3-4 times daily for about a week may help reduce swelling and bruising. If it does not get better, consult your doctor.

Q. Can I take a CBC test during pregnancy?

Yes, a CBC test is safe during pregnancy and may help detect any blood cell abnormalities in the mother and its associated risk to the baby.

Q. Which diseases can a CBC test detect?

A CBC test can help detect various conditions like infections; allergies, or diseases like anemia, polycythemia, or blood cancers.

Q. Can a CBC test detect cancers?

A CBC test may sometimes help detect blood cell cancers, such as acute and chronic leukemias.
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CBC (Complete Blood Count) test price for other cities


Price inBangaloreRs. 318
Price inMumbaiRs. 299
Price inGurgaonRs. 299
Price inKolkataRs. 239
Price inHyderabadRs. 299
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