Gardenal 30 Tablet

Prescription Required
Manufacturer
SALT COMPOSITION
Storage
Store at room temperature (10-30°C)

Introduction

Gardenal 30 Tablet belongs to a class of medicines called barbiturates. It is a prescription medicine used to treat and prevent epilepsy (seizures). They also have hypnotic properties. Means, they slow down the activity of the brain and can make you feel sleepy or dizzy.

Gardenal 30 Tablet may be taken with or without food. However, it is advised to take it at the same time each day as this helps to maintain a consistent level of medicine in the body. Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor as it may be habit-forming with long-term use. If you have missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. Do not skip any doses and finish the full course of treatment even if you feel better.

Some common side effects of this medicine include nausea, diarrhea, hyperactivity, depression, confusion, decreased blood pressure and fatigue. It may also cause dizziness and sleepiness, so do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how this medicine affects you.

Remember to consult your doctor if you notice severe rashes, especially accompanied by fever after taking this medicine. It should be noted that long-term use of this medicine can cause pain in joints also.

Uses of Gardenal Tablet

Benefits of Gardenal Tablet

In Epilepsy/Seizures

Gardenal 30 Tablet slows down electrical signals in the brain which cause seizures (fits). It can also help reduce symptoms such as confusion, uncontrollable jerking movements, loss of awareness, and fear or anxiety. The medicine can allow you to do some activities that you would otherwise be forbidden or scared to do (such as swimming and driving). It can take a few weeks for this medicine to work (because the dose has to be increased slowly) and during this time you may still have seizures. Do not stop using this medicine even if you feel well, until your doctor advises you to. Missing doses may trigger a seizure.

Side effects of Gardenal Tablet

Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them

Common side effects of Gardenal

  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Hyperactivity
  • Depression
  • Confusion
  • Decreased blood pressure
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Constipation
  • Excitement
  • Hangover

How to use Gardenal Tablet

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Gardenal 30 Tablet may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.

How Gardenal Tablet works

Gardenal 30 Tablet controls seizures or fits by increasing the action of GABA, a chemical messenger which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Safety Advice

Alcohol
UNSAFE
It is unsafe to consume alcohol with Gardenal 30 Tablet.
Pregnancy
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Gardenal 30 Tablet is unsafe to use during pregnancy as there is definite evidence of risk to the developing baby. However, the doctor may rarely prescribe it in some life-threatening situations if the benefits are more than the potential risks. Please consult your doctor.
Breastfeeding
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Gardenal 30 Tablet is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug may pass into the breastmilk and harm the baby.
Monitor the baby for sleepiness, skin rash, and feeding issues.
Driving
UNSAFE
Gardenal 30 Tablet may cause side effects which could affect your ability to drive.
Kidney
CAUTION
Gardenal 30 Tablet should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Gardenal 30 Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Use of Gardenal 30 Tablet is not recommended in patients with severe kidney disease.
Liver
CAUTION
Gardenal 30 Tablet should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Gardenal 30 Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Use of Gardenal 30 Tablet is not recommended in patients with severe liver disease.

Alternate Brands

For informational purposes only. Consult a doctor before taking any medicines.
Gardenal 30 Tablet
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Phenobarb 30mg Tablet
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Epitan 30mg Tablet
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Quick Tips

  • Gardenal 30 Tablet helps in treatment and prevention of seizures.
  • It may be habit-forming with long-term use.
  • Talk with your doctor if it stops working well. Do not take more than prescribed.
  • It may make you very sleepy. Don't drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how it affects you.
  • Inform your doctor if you notice pain in your joints or if you have a history of bone disease.
  • Get regular blood tests done to monitor the amount of medication in your body.
  • Talk to your doctor immediately if you notice skin rash accompanied with fever.
  • Do not stop taking the medication suddenly without talking to your doctor.

Fact Box

Chemical Class
Barbituric Acid Derivative
Habit Forming
Yes
Therapeutic Class
NEURO CNS

Interaction with Drugs

Taking Gardenal with any of the following medicines can modify the effect of either of them and cause some undesirable side effects
Brand(s): Aprepit, Aprepep, Fos-Aprepitant
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Norpace, Regubeat
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Nimpod, Caldip, Nimocard
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Voristil
LIFE-THREATENING

Patient Concerns

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Now taking Garoin (50mg) tablet at night as per prescription. Now the tablet was banned. Is there any alternative tablet?
Dr. Vikas Sharma
Neurology
gardenal 30 mg tds
i have a epilepst pt 16 years. i take gardenal 30 threee times. 18 month we have detached from gardenal. but recently i have senseless.
Dr. Vikas Sharma
Neurology
Start tab levera 500 mg bd
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Do you have any questions related to Gardenal 30 Tablet ?

User Feedback


FAQs

Q. What is Gardenal 30 Tablet used for?

Gardenal 30 Tablet is prescribed to control seizures or fits. Gardenal 30 Tablet belongs to barbiturate group of medicines. In exceptional circumstances, it is also used to treat seizures that sometimes accompany a high fever in children.

Q. What if I forget to take Gardenal 30 Tablet?

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is time for the next dose, skip the forgotten dose and take the next dose. Do not double the dose to make up for the forgotten dose.

Q. Can Gardenal 30 Tablet cause addiction?

Yes, Gardenal 30 Tablet may cause addiction in patients with a history of alcoholism and drug abuse if they take it for a prolonged time. Therefore, Gardenal 30 Tablet should be avoided in such patients.

Q. What are the long-term side effects of Gardenal 30 Tablet?

Long-term use of phenobarbital can lead to changes in the soft tissues of the body. Symptoms include pain in the joints or thickening in areas such as the palm or the bottom of the foot. If you notice any changes of this kind, tell the doctor.

Q. Can I stop taking Gardenal 30 Tablet once my seizures get controlled?

No, you should not stop taking Gardenal 30 Tablet without consulting your doctor. Sudden withdrawal can cause sleeplessness, anxiety, tremor, dizziness, feeling sick, fits and delirium. The dose of Gardenal 30 Tablet should be reduced gradually.

Q. What will happen if I accidentally take more than the recommended dose of Gardenal 30 Tablet?

Swallowing more than the recommended doses may cause drowsiness, speech problems, jerky movements, jerky eye movements, loss of inhibition, reduced reflex response, low body temperature, low blood pressure and breathing problems. Contact your nearest hospital emergency services or your doctor immediately.

Q. What are the effects of Gardenal 30 Tablet in children?

Gardenal 30 Tablet is useful in treating many kinds of seizures in children. It is often considered as the first choice to treat certain kinds of seizures in newborns. The child taking Gardenal 30 Tablet treatment may develop problems with behavior and learning. Side effects are much more likely to be troublesome if high doses are given or if too high a dose is given at the beginning of the treatment. It may be necessary to increase the dose very slowly over several months.

Q. Can I take folic acid with Gardenal 30 Tablet?

Gardenal 30 Tablet causes folic acid deficiency which is responsible for certain types of anemia (megaloblastic anemia) in some patients. But if you take folic acid, then it may decrease the levels of Gardenal 30 Tablet in your body. This may lead to seizures. Therefore, folic acid should be avoided.

Q. For how long do I need to take Gardenal 30 Tablet?

You should take Gardenal 30 Tablet for the duration advised by your doctor. This drug has a habit-forming effect, therefore, its long-term use is not recommended.

Q. Are there any tests available which check the levels of Gardenal 30 Tablet in the blood?

Yes, laboratory tests are available. If you feel excessively sleepy and experience tremor or balance issues or double vision, inform your doctor and get the levels checked.

Q. Can Gardenal 30 Tablet cause withdrawal symptoms?

Yes, suddenly stopping Gardenal 30 Tablet can cause withdrawal symptoms which include sleeplessness, anxiety, tremor, dizziness, nausea, fits, and delirium.

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1mg's sole intention is to ensure that its consumers get information that is expert-reviewed, accurate and trustworthy. However, the information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for the advice of a qualified physician. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. This may not cover all possible side effects, drug interactions or warnings or alerts. Please consult your doctor and discuss all your queries related to any disease or medicine. We intend to support, not replace, the doctor-patient relationship.

References

  1. McNamara JO. Pharmacotherapy of the Epilepsies. In: Brunton LL, Chabner BA, Knollmann BC, editors. Goodman & Gilman’s: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 12th ed. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2011. pp. 593-94.
  2. Porters RJ, Meldrum BS. Antiseizure Drugs. In: Katzung BG, Masters SB, Trevor AJ, editors. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 11th ed. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited; 2009. p. 407.
  3. Briggs GG, Freeman RK, editors. A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk: Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2015. pp. 1101-104.
  4. NFI: National Formulatory of India. 4th ed. Ghaziabad, India: Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission - Ministry of Health & Family Welfare; Government of India; 2011. [Accessed 22 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  5. Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2006. Phenobarbital. [Updated 2018 Oct 31]. [Accessed 20 Feb. 2020] (online) Available from:External Link
  6. Phenobarbitone. Huddersfield, West Yorks: Thornton & Ross Ltd.; 1982 [revised 27 Jan. 2016]. [Accessed 22 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link

Manufacturer/Marketer Address

16th Floor, Godrej BKC, Plot – C, “G” Block, Bandra-Kurla Complex, Bandra (East), Mumbai – 400 051, India
NOT FOR SALE
We do not facilitate sale of this product at present

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