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Epikon 60mg Tablet

Prescription Required

Overview

Introduction

Epikon 60mg Tablet belongs to a class of medicines called barbiturates. It is a prescription medicine used to treat and prevent epilepsy (seizures). They also have hypnotic properties. Means, they slow down the activity of the brain and can make you feel sleepy or dizzy.

Epikon 60mg Tablet may be taken with or without food. However, it is advised to take it at the same time each day as this helps to maintain a consistent level of medicine in the body. Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor as it may be habit-forming with long-term use. If you have missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. Do not skip any doses and finish the full course of treatment even if you feel better.

Some common side effects of this medicine include nausea, diarrhea, hyperactivity, depression, confusion, decreased blood pressure and fatigue. It may also cause dizziness and sleepiness, so do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how this medicine affects you.

Remember to consult your doctor if you notice severe rashes, especially accompanied by fever after taking this medicine. It should be noted that long-term use of this medicine can cause pain in joints also.

Uses of Epikon Tablet

Side effects of Epikon Tablet

Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them

Common side effects of Epikon

  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Hyperactivity
  • Depression
  • Confusion
  • Decreased blood pressure
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Constipation
  • Excitement
  • Hangover

How to cope with side effects?

The occurrence of side effects varies from person to person. The following are a few ways of dealing with some of the common side effects. However, consult your doctor if these persist.

  • Coping with Drowsiness
    If the medicine is making you drowsy during the day, stop what you are doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. You can also consider taking a nap. Physical exercises such as walking may be helpful. Do not drink alcohol, as it will make you feel more tired. Avoid driving or operating heavy equipment when you are feeling drowsy. This problem usually goes away as your body gets used to the medicine. However, if it does not, ask your doctor if you can take your medicine at bedtime or whether the dose can be reduced.
  • Coping with Nausea
    You can help yourself by eating small, frequent meals rather than large ones and drinking plenty of fluids. Eat slowly. Avoid fatty, fried, spicy and very sweet foods. Eat cold or slightly warm food if the smell of cooked or cooking food makes you feel sick. Get plenty of fresh air. You could also try chewing ginger or drinking ginger tea. Eat bananas to replace potassium in your blood which can drop if you are sick (vomit). Use oral rehydration salts to replace vitamins and minerals lost through being sick. There are some medicines that can help you stop from feeling sick. Speak to your doctor if your condition does not improve.
  • Coping with Diarrhea
    Keep up your intake of fluids and electrolytes (sugars and salts) to avoid getting dehydrated. Eat less fiber (avoid raw fruits, fruit juice and vegetables). Talk to your doctor about possible medication to manage diarrhea. Ask about reducing the dosage of your drug or other suitable treatments.
  • Coping with Depression
    It is important to talk to your doctor if you think you may be depressed. The sooner you do this, the sooner you can recover. Treatment for depression can involve a combination of lifestyle changes, talking therapies (such as counseling and cognitive behavioral therapy) and medicines (antidepressants). There are many things you can do for yourself if your depression is not too severe. Exercise is an extremely effective treatment for depression, so make sure you keep as active as possible. It can really lift your mood. A healthy diet can also make a big difference to your mood (as well as improving your physical health). Mindfulness is a technique that many people find helpful. It may be tempting to smoke or drink alcohol, but both will make things worse in the long run. Try talking to a friend or family member even if you do not feel comfortable doing this. Get into a routine with regular sleep patterns and meals. If you have thoughts of self-harm or suicide, contact your doctor immediately.
  • Coping with Confusion
    If this medicine makes you feel this way, stop what you are doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. If the feeling does not go away or troubles you, do not take any more medicine and speak to a pharmacist or your doctor.
  • Coping with Decreased blood pressure
    Get up slowly from a sitting or lying position. Try to avoid changing positions suddenly even in general. Try crossing your legs when you are sitting and wearing compression stockings. Drink plenty of water and try eating smaller, more frequent meals. Although salt is not good for everyone (and bad for some people), if you have low blood pressure increasing your intake of salt (sodium) can raise your blood pressure. Cut down the amount of alcohol you drink. If your blood pressure becomes very low, you should talk to your doctor.
  • Coping with Headache
    Make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids. Rest in a quiet, dimly lit room. Do not sleep more than you normally would. Do not strain your eyes (for example by looking at a screen). Do not drink alcohol. Headaches are usually temporary and usually go away with time. But, if they last longer or get worse, ask your doctor to recommend a painkiller.
  • Coping with Dizziness
    This is usually short-lived and should go away within a few days. If this happens, stop what you are doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. Lying still in a dark, quiet room may help reduce the spinning feeling. Sleep with your head slightly raised on two or more pillows. Get up slowly from a lying or sitting position. Get plenty of rest and try to relax as being anxious can make it worse. Try taking this medicine at bedtime to reduce the symptoms. Drinking plenty of water and ginger tea may also help. Avoid alcohol, caffeine and smoking as it will make you feel worse. Avoid driving or using tools or machinery until you feel better.
  • Coping with Constipation
    Try to eat foods which are high in fiber such as fresh fruits, vegetables and cereals to increase the bulk and consistency of bowel movements. Drink plenty of water or non-alcoholic drinks and stay hydrated to promote healthy digestion. Increasing physical activities such as walking, yoga and regular exercise can also be helpful. If your condition does not improve, you can ask your doctor to prescribe you laxative medicine.

How to use Epikon Tablet

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Epikon 60mg Tablet may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.

How Epikon Tablet works

Epikon 60mg Tablet controls seizures or fits by increasing the action of GABA, a chemical messenger which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Safety Advice

Alcohol
UNSAFE
It is unsafe to consume alcohol with Epikon 60mg Tablet.
Pregnancy
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Epikon 60mg Tablet is unsafe to use during pregnancy as there is definite evidence of risk to the developing baby. However, the doctor may rarely prescribe it in some life-threatening situations if the benefits are more than the potential risks. Please consult your doctor.
Breastfeeding
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Epikon 60mg Tablet is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug may pass into the breastmilk and harm the baby.
Monitor the baby for sleepiness, skin rash, and feeding issues.
Driving
UNSAFE
Epikon 60mg Tablet may cause side effects which could affect your ability to drive.
Kidney
CAUTION
Epikon 60mg Tablet should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Epikon 60mg Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Use of Epikon 60mg Tablet is not recommended in patients with severe kidney disease.
Liver
CAUTION
Epikon 60mg Tablet should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Epikon 60mg Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Use of Epikon 60mg Tablet is not recommended in patients with severe liver disease.

Alternate Brands

For informational purposes only. Consult a doctor before taking any medicines.
Epikon 60mg Tablet
₹1.4/Tablet
₹0.59/Tablet
save 58%
Barbee 60mg Tablet
Ind Swift Laboratories Ltd
₹1.01/Tablet
save 28%
Phenobarb 60mg Tablet
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
₹1.13/Tablet
save 19%
₹1.81/Tablet
29% costlier
₹1.93/Tablet
38% costlier

Quick Tips

  • Epikon 60mg Tablet helps in treatment and prevention of seizures.
  • It may be habit-forming with long-term use.
  • Talk with your doctor if it stops working well. Do not take more than prescribed.
  • It may make you very sleepy. Don't drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how it affects you.
  • Inform your doctor if you notice pain in your joints or if you have a history of bone disease.
  • Get regular blood tests done to monitor the amount of medication in your body.
  • Talk to your doctor immediately if you notice skin rash accompanied with fever.
  • Do not stop taking the medication suddenly without talking to your doctor.

Interaction with Drugs

Taking Epikon with any of the following medicines can modify the effect of either of them and cause some undesirable side effects
Brand(s): Aprepit, Aprepep, Fos-Aprepitant
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Norpace, Regubeat
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Nimpod, Caldip, Nimocard
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Voristil
LIFE-THREATENING

Patient Concerns

arrow
She has problem of epilepsy from last two years
Dr. Rahul Yadav
Paediatrics
Hello, epilepsy and seizures cannot be treated online without physically examining the child and detailed history.
?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??? encorate Charon 200 500 tablet use krta hu kya iska koi solution h Jisse main completely thk ho jau
Dr. Jyoti Kapoor Madan
Psychiatry
Epilepsy requires regular treatment with anticonvulsants like encorate chrono for at least 3 years of seizure free period after which medicines may be tapered off unless seizures reappear. At present, there are no other effective treatment options.
arrow
Do you have any questions related to Epikon 60mg Tablet ?

FAQs

Q. What is Epikon used for?

Epikon is prescribed to control seizures or fits. Epikon belongs to barbiturate group of medicines. In exceptional circumstances, it is also used to treat seizures that sometimes accompany a high fever in children.

Q. What if I forget to take Epikon?

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember. However, if it is time for the next dose, skip the forgotten dose and take the next dose. Do not double the dose to make up for the forgotten dose.

Q. Can Epikon cause addiction?

Yes, Epikon may cause addiction in patients with a history of alcoholism and drug abuse if they take it for a prolonged time. Therefore, Epikon should be avoided in such patients.

Q. What are the long-term side effects of Epikon?

Long-term use of phenobarbital can lead to changes in the soft tissues of the body. Symptoms include pain in the joints or thickening in areas such as the palm or the bottom of the foot. If you notice any changes of this kind, tell the doctor.

Q. Can I stop taking Epikon once my seizures get controlled?

No, you should not stop taking Epikon without consulting your doctor. Sudden withdrawal can cause sleeplessness, anxiety, tremor, dizziness, feeling sick, fits and delirium. The dose of Epikon should be reduced gradually.

Q. What will happen if I accidentally take more than the recommended dose of Epikon?

Swallowing more than the recommended doses may cause drowsiness, speech problems, jerky movements, jerky eye movements, loss of inhibition, reduced reflex response, low body temperature, low blood pressure and breathing problems. Contact your nearest hospital emergency services or your doctor immediately.

Q. What are the effects of Epikon in children?

Epikon is useful in treating many kinds of seizures in children. It is often considered as the first choice to treat certain kinds of seizures in newborns. The child taking Epikon treatment may develop problems with behavior and learning. Side effects are much more likely to be troublesome if high doses are given or if too high a dose is given at the beginning of the treatment. It may be necessary to increase the dose very slowly over several months.

Q. Can I take folic acid with Epikon?

Epikon causes folic acid deficiency which is responsible for certain types of anemia (megaloblastic anemia) in some patients. But if you take folic acid, then it may decrease the levels of Epikon in your body. This may lead to seizures. Therefore, folic acid should be avoided.

Q. For how long do I need to take Epikon?

You should take Epikon for the duration advised by your doctor. This drug has a habit-forming effect, therefore, its long-term use is not recommended.

Q. Are there any tests available which check the levels of Epikon in the blood?

Yes, laboratory tests are available. If you feel excessively sleepy and experience tremor or balance issues or double vision, inform your doctor and get the levels checked.

Q. Can Epikon cause withdrawal symptoms?

Yes, suddenly stopping Epikon can cause withdrawal symptoms which include sleeplessness, anxiety, tremor, dizziness, nausea, fits, and delirium.

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Disclaimer:

1mg's sole intention is to ensure that its consumers get information that is expert-reviewed, accurate and trustworthy. However, the information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for the advice of a qualified physician. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. This may not cover all possible side effects, drug interactions or warnings or alerts. Please consult your doctor and discuss all your queries related to any disease or medicine. We intend to support, not replace, the doctor-patient relationship.

References

  1. McNamara JO. Pharmacotherapy of the Epilepsies. In: Brunton LL, Chabner BA, Knollmann BC, editors. Goodman & Gilman’s: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 12th ed. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2011. pp. 593-94.
  2. Porters RJ, Meldrum BS. Antiseizure Drugs. In: Katzung BG, Masters SB, Trevor AJ, editors. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 11th ed. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited; 2009. p. 407.
  3. Briggs GG, Freeman RK, editors. A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk: Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2015. pp. 1101-104.
  4. NFI: National Formulatory of India. 4th ed. Ghaziabad, India: Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission - Ministry of Health & Family Welfare; Government of India; 2011. [Accessed 22 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  5. Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2006. Phenobarbital. [Updated 2018 Oct 31]. [Accessed 20 Feb. 2020] (online) Available from:External Link
  6. Phenobarbitone. Huddersfield, West Yorks: Thornton & Ross Ltd.; 1982 [revised 27 Jan. 2016]. [Accessed 22 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link

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