Every woman goes through a lot of changes at every stage of her life right from menstruation and pregnancy to motherhood and menopause. Hence, it goes without saying that different needs at different ages. This is the reason we bring you a quick check list on the health checks that every woman must take with changes in her age. Have a look!
Health Checks Every Woman Must Take
1. Cholesterol: Women between 20 to 45 years of age must get their cholesterol levels checked. Repeat testing if changes occur in lifestyle, including weight gain and eating patterns.
2. BMI for Obesity: A body mass index (BMI) of 18.5-24.9 indicates that you are at a healthy weight for your height. A BMI of 25-29.9 indicates that you are slightly overweight. A BMI of 30 or above means that you are obese and easy prey to lifestyle disorders like diabetes and high blood pressure.
3. Blood sugar: Around 30% women are affected by prediabetes worldwide. The risk of getting diabetes significantly increases with poor lifestyle and advancing age.
4. Thyroid levels: Women are more likely than men to have low thyroid hormone levels. Common symptoms include weight gain, feeling tired, menstrual irregularities, constipation, etc.
5. Reproductive hormones: This can help to identify hormonal problems inlcuding polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and postmenopausal symptoms. Notably, 1 in 5 women in India has PCOS. PCOS could be a reason for your recent weight gain.
6. Mammograms: Breast self-exam, or regularly examining your breasts on your own should begin at age 20 and be performed monthly. However, women should start getting an annual mammogram at age 45.
If there is a family history of breast cancer, or other concerns, do consult a doctor about starting annual screening earlier. Consult Now!
7. Pap test: It is used to screen for cervical cancer and should start at age 21. All women who have ever been sexually active are at risk for developing cervical cancer. Those who haven’t had sexual intercourse — may have a low risk of cervical cancer, but testing should still be considered. Avoid intercourse, or using any vaginal medicines or foams, creams or jellies for two days before having a Pap test.
8. Bone density test: The main reason to have the test is to find and treat serious bone loss. Women should start getting screened at age 65. Those with risk factors for osteoporosis, such as fractures or low body weight, should get screened earlier.
Health Tips For Women of all ages
– Eat a balanced, healthy diet rich in nutrients.
– Exercise regularly to keep your weight in check.
– Do not ignore stress and signs of depression.
– Get vaccinated at the right time and age.
– Maintain vaginal hygiene with regular care.
(The article is reviewed by Dr. Swati Mishra, Medical Editor)
1. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). National Institute of Health (NIH).