Genital PAP Smear
What is PAP?
Genital PAP (Papanicolaou) Smear test is done to screen the presence of abnormal cells in the cervix and the vagina. Women above 30 years must go for screening once in every 3-5 years as there are more prone for developing infection or cancer.
Why is PAP done?
To detect abnormal or potentially abnormal cells from the vagina and uterine cervix
To detect any vaginal or uterine infections
To screen for cervical cancer
To follow up after an abnormal Pap test
To monitor any abnormalities or unusual findings
What does PAP Measure?
This test is a quick and simple procedure to check the health of your cervix. A Genital PAP smear test, or Papanicolaou test, is a procedure that removes a small sample of cells from the cervix. The smear is prepared and viewed under microscope for diagnosis. The cervix is the part of the uterus that opens to the vagina. Changes in the cells may be due to presence of persistent infection with certain types of the human papillomavirus (HPV) or due to cancerous/precancerous condition. Genital PAP smear test helps in early detection, before there are any symptoms. The test is performed in a doctor’s office or clinic and the procedure might be a bit uncomfortable.
Interpreting PAP results
A negative result means no abnormal cells were identified.
A positive result suggests presence of abnormal cells which can be cancerous or precancerous.