Dr Varun Gupta
Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver and may be caused by a viral infection. The most common types of viral hepatitis are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C.
This is caused by Hepatitis A virus and is transmitted by contaminated food and water. Hepatitis A is an acute infection and usually self-limiting.
This is caused by Hepatitis B virus and is transmitted by contact with infected body fluids, blood and semen. If left untreated, Hepatitis B infection can cause severe liver damage( Cirrhosis) and also increase the risk of liver cancer.
This is caused by Hepatitis C virus and is also transmitted by contact with infected body fluids, blood and semen.
In many patients there are no symptoms and hepatitis can go undiagnosed. In some it can cause the following;
- Yellowing of skin and eyes
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain
Hepatitis is diagnosed by laboratory tests like complete blood count, liver function test and blood markers for Hepatitis A, B and C
5 Tips to Prevent Hepatitis
- Vaccination: vaccines are available for Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B.
- Injection safety: using sterile syringes/needles
- Practicing Safe Sex
- Ensuring adequate hygiene and sanitation
- Not sharing razors/ needles