Zonimid 50 Capsule

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Overview

Introduction of Zonimid Capsule

Zonimid 50 Capsule is a prescription medicine used along with other medicines to treat and prevent epilepsy (seizures). It controls seizures by decreasing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Zonimid 50 Capsule is taken by mouth with or without food. However, take it at the same time each day as this helps to maintain consistent level of medicine in the body. Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor as it may be habit-forming with long-term use. If you have missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember it and finish the full course of treatment even if you feel better.

Side effects of this medicine includes loss of appetite, speech problems, memory impairment and impaired concentration. It may cause dizziness and sleepiness, so do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how this medicine affects you. This medicine can cause kidney stones, so it is better to drink plenty of water and inform the doctor if you have sudden pain on urinating, or if you find blood in your urine. It may cause weight loss therefore consult a dietician for dietary supplement or try to increase your food portions. Weight loss may be more serious in children, so be cautious and keep monitoring the weight. It is important to inform doctor if you develop any unusual changes in mood or behavior or suicidal thoughts while taking this medicine.

Uses of Zonimid Capsule

Zonimid Capsule side effects

Common
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Memory impairement
  • Drowsiness
  • Impaired concentration
  • Altered walking
  • Coordination impaired
  • Anger

How to use Zonimid Capsule

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Do not chew, crush or break it. Zonimid 50 Capsule may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.

How Zonimid Capsule works

Zonimid 50 Capsule is an antiepileptic medication. It prevents seizures in patients with epilepsy by suppressing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Zonimid Capsule related warnings

Alcohol
UNSAFE
Zonimid 50 Capsule may cause excessive drowsiness with alcohol
Pregnancy
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Zonimid 50 Capsule may be unsafe to use during pregnancy. Although there are limited studies in humans, animal studies have shown harmful effects on the developing baby. Your doctor will weigh the benefits and any potential risks before prescribing it to you. Please consult your doctor.
Lactation
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Zonimid 50 Capsule is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Limited human data suggests that the drug may pass into the breastmilk and harm the baby.
Driving
UNSAFE
Zonimid 50 Capsule may cause side effects which could affect your ability to drive.
As Zonimid 50 Capsule may affect your concentration, ability to react/respond, and may make you feel sleepy, particularly at the beginning of your treatment or after your dose is increased.
Kidney
CAUTION
Zonimid 50 Capsule should be used with caution in patients with severe kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Zonimid 50 Capsule may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Liver
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
There is limited information available on the use of Zonimid 50 Capsule in patients with liver disease. Please consult your doctor.
Use of Zonimid 50 Capsule is not recommended in patients with severe liver disease.

What if you miss a dose of Zonimid Capsule?

If you miss a dose of Zonimid 50 Capsule, skip it and continue with your normal schedule. Do not double the dose.

Alternate Brands

For informational purposes only. Consult a doctor before taking any medicines.
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Expert Advice

  • Take your medication regularly as directed by your doctor as missing doses can trigger seizures.
  • Do not change the brand of your medicine and make sure that you have sufficient amount of medicine present with you.
  • Some healthy tips to prevent seizures:
    • Take a healthy diet along with regular exercise.
    • Practice yoga every day.
    • Get enough sleep at nighttime.
    • Limit the use of screen time such as mobile/ laptop.
    • Take your medication on time.
  • Do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how this medicine affects you.
  • Drink plenty of water while taking Zonimid 50 Capsule to reduce the risk of kidney stones and heat stroke. Inform your doctor if you have sudden pain in your stomach, pain on urinating, or if you find blood in your urine.
  • It may cause loss of appetite and weight. Monitor your weight regularly.
  • Inform your doctor if you develop any unusual changes in mood or behavior, new or worsening depression, or suicidal thoughts or behavior.
  • Do not stop taking the medication suddenly without talking to your doctor as it may increase the seizure frequency.

Interaction with Drugs

Taking Zonimid with any of the following medicines can modify the effect of either of them and cause some undesirable side effects
Brand(s): Shinosun, Epikon
MODERATE
Brand(s): Antep, C Lep, Ametol
MODERATE
Brand(s): Stoin, Marantin, Notian
MODERATE

Patient Concerns

Questions Related to Zonimid

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My daughter is suffering from epilepsy and has been advise Lamitor 50mg tblets twice a day. She was being given Lamitor DT 50. But by mistake I am giving her Lamitor OD 50 now. Though there is no apparent affect, please advise which Lamitor should be given.
Dr. Vikas Sharma
Neurologist
any can be given; but stick to one preparation'
I am Epilepsy peshent said u take tab Phen Phen 50 up to 3 to 5 years
Dr. Jyoti Kapoor Madan
Psychiatrist
Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder (neurological disorder) in which nerve cell activity in the brain becomes disrupted, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of consciousness. Medicines for epilepsy are initially recommended for at least 3 years of seizure free interval but may continue longer depending on recurrence. Epileptic patient needs to carry a warning card or a medical emergency bracelet with identification details, his/ her epilepsy status and what people can do if fit occurs in public place.
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FAQs

Q. What happens if I stop taking Zonimid?

Do not stop taking Zonimid without talking to your doctor. Stopping Zonimid suddenly may cause serious problems, including seizures that will not stop.

Q. My friend, who was on Zonimid, developed severe muscle pain with fever. What could this be due to?

Severe muscle pain or weakness, with or without fever, could be due to Zonimid. Consult your doctor immediately. The doctor may suggest some blood tests to check your levels of serum creatine phosphokinase and aldolase enzymes. Elevated levels of these enzymes may prompt the doctor to discontinue Zonimid.

Q. What are the effects of Zonimid in children?

Zonimid works well in children and is well tolerated by most of them. The common side effects in children include problems with thinking or behavior, followed by stomach upset. One dangerous side effect of Zonimid in children is decreased sweating with fever. This affects children but not adults and is more common in summers.

Q. I have been taking Zonimid for epilepsy since a month, but now I feel that my life has come to an end and sometimes I want to harm myself. Is it because of the medicine? What should I do?

Though uncommon, Zonimid may increase the risk of suicidal thoughts or behavior. Sometimes, it can also be due to the disease itself. You should immediately consult your doctor who will consider discontinuing Zonimid. We recommend that you take the help of your friend or relative to go to the hospital.

Q. Does Zonimid cause weight loss?

Yes, Zonimid may cause weight loss. If you lose weight, consult a dietician for dietary supplement or try to increase your food portions. In case you lose a lot of weight, consider discontinuing Zonimid after consulting your doctor. Weight loss may be more serious in children, so be cautious and keep monitoring the weight.

Q. Does Zonimid affect the working of birth control pills?

No, Zonimid does not interfere with the working of birth control pills.

Q. Does Zonimid have any effect on kidneys?

Yes, if you are at a risk of developing kidney stones, taking Zonimid may increase that risk. Stones can lead to further kidney damage. The symptoms of kidney stones include severe sharp pain in lower abdomen or back pain. Increase your fluid intake which can reduce the risk of kidney stones. Consult your doctor if you get any such symptoms.

Related Products

Disclaimer: 1mg's sole intention is to ensure that its consumers get information that is expert-reviewed, accurate and trustworthy. However, the information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for the advice of a qualified physician. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. This may not cover all possible side effects, drug interactions or warnings or alerts. Please consult your doctor and discuss all your queries related to any disease or medicine. We intend to support, not replace, the doctor-patient relationship.
References
  1. Stahl SM, editor. Zonisamide. In: Stahl's Essential Pschopharmacology: Prescriber's Guide. 5th ed. New York, New York: Cambridge University Press; 2014. pp. 755-58.
  2. McNamara JO. Pharmacotherapy of the Epilepsies. In: Brunton LL, Chabner BA, Knollmann BC, editors. Goodman & Gilman’s: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 12th ed. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2011. p. 602.
  3. Porters RJ, Meldrum BS. Antiseizure Drugs. In: Katzung BG, Masters SB, Trevor AJ, editors. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 11th ed. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited; 2009. p. 412.
  4. Briggs GG, Freeman RK, editors. A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk: Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2015. pp. 1520-21.
  5. Zonisamide. St. Michael, Barbados: Concordia Pharmaceuticals Inc.2015 [Revised April 2016]. [Accessed 19 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  6. Zonisamide. Hatfield, UK: Eisai Manufacturing Ltd.; 2018. [Accessed 17 Jun. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  7. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Zonisamide. [Accessed 19 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  8. Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO). [Accessed 19 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
Manufacturer/Marketer Address
Chinubhai Centre, Off. Nehru Bridge, Ashram Road, Ahmedabad - 380009. Gujarat. India.
A licensed pharmacy from your nearest location will deliver Zonimid 50 Capsule. Once the pharmacy accepts your order, the details of the pharmacy will be shared with you. Acceptance of your order is based on the validity of your prescription and the availability of this medicine.
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10 capsules in 1 strip
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