Medicine Overview of Phetoin Tablet
Nystagmus (involuntary eye movement), Double vision, Sleepiness, Anemia (low number of red blood cells), Peripheral neuropathy (tingling and numbness of feet and hand), Gingival hyperplasia, Increased hair growth, Osteoporosis.
Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Phetoin 100mg Tablet may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.
Phetoin 100mg Tablet is an antiepileptic medication. It controls seizures or fits by decreasing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.
In Depth Information on Phetoin Tablet
- Phetoin should be taken at the same time every day to maintain consistent levels in your body.
Do not stop using Phetoin without talking to your doctor, even if you feel better.
- It causes sleepiness or drowsiness. If this happens to you, do not drive or use machinery.
Avoid consuming alcohol when taking the Phetoin, as it may cause excessive sleepiness or drowsiness.
It may increase blood sugar levels.Inform your doctor if you are taking any medicines to treat diabetes.
- Do not start any medicine including herbal or ayurvedic without telling your doctor. As it may significantly change the Phetoin levels.
Inform your doctor if you have ever been diagnosed with kidney or liver problems.
- Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to conceive or breastfeeding.
Phetoin Tablet related warnings
Phetoin 100mg Tablet may cause excessive drowsiness and calmness with alcohol.
WEIGH RISKS VS BENEFITS
Phetoin 100mg Tablet is unsafe to use during pregnancy.
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk, for example in life-threatening situations. Please consult your doctor.
Phetoin 100mg Tablet is safe to use during lactation.
Human studies have shown that either the drug does not pass into the breastmilk in significant amount or is not expected to cause toxicity to the baby.
Phetoin 100mg Tablet may make you feel dizzy, sleepy, tired, or decrease alertness. If this happens, do not drive.
Phetoin 100mg Tablet is probably safe to use in patients with kidney disease. Limited data available suggests that dose adjustment of Phetoin 100mg Tablet may not be needed in these patients. Please consult your doctor.
Phetoin 100mg Tablet should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Phetoin 100mg Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Frequently asked questions about Phetoin Tablet
Phetoin is used to control seizures (fits) in epilepsy patients and it works by suppressing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.
Phetoin is known to cause gingival hyperplasia (enlarged gums). To avoid this, you must maintain a good dental hygiene (taking proper care of your teeth and gums). Please consult your doctor if you have enlarged gums after taking Phetoin.
Osteomalacia (softening of the bones) has been associated with long-term (>10 years) use of Phetoin by patients with chronic epilepsy. There have been reports of bone disorders including osteopenia (reduced protein and mineral content of bone tissue) and osteoporosis (thinning of the bone) and fractures with Phetoin. Please consult your doctor for further information.
Q. Can I take Phetoin with aspirin?
Phetoin can decrease the levels of aspirin by increasing its metabolism (breakdown) and hence decrease its effect. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.
Q. Can I take Phetoin with ibuprofen?
Phetoin can be taken with ibuprofen. No drug-drug interactions have been reported between the two. However, interactions can occur. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.
Q. Can I take Phetoin with paracetamol?
Phetoin decreases the level of paracetamol by increasing its metabolism (breakdown). Increased metabolism of paracetamol can increase the levels of substances that can cause liver damage. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.
Phetoin is not a narcotic substance. Phetoin belongs to a group of medicines known as anti-epileptic medicines, these medicines are used to treat epilepsy.
Phetoin is not a controlled substance under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA). A controlled substance is generally a drug or chemical whose manufacture, possession or use is regulated by a government.
Phetoin is not dialyzable by a conventional hemodialysis machine but can be dialyzed by a high permeability type of hemodialysis. To know more about the different types of dialysis and dialysability of Phetoin, please consult your doctor.
Phetoin is teratogenic. Based on human experience, Phetoin is suggested to cause congenital malformations (birth defects) when given during pregnancy. It can cause defects of the heart, brain, fingers and can decrease the growth of the unborn baby.
Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) is an enzyme which causes metabolism (breakdown) of many drugs. Phetoin is a CYP450 enzyme inducer (increases the working of CYP450) causing increased breakdown of some medicines given along with Phetoin (known as drug-drug interactions). Please consult your doctor before taking any medicines along with Phetoin as it may affect the metabolism of the medicines which are metabolized by CYP450 for example Vitamin D.
Phetoin is a weakly acidic drug.
Phetoin has not been reported to have any addictive potential and it does not show any symptoms of dependence. However, it should be taken for the duration as advised by your doctor.
Phetoin does not give you a high.
Phetoin does not cause hyponatremia (low sodium levels). However, Phetoin is known to cause hypernatremia (high serum sodium level >145 mmol/L).
Phetoin is not known to cause QT prolongation (abnormal heart rhythm). However, it can rarely cause abnormal heart rhythms. Please talk to your doctor if you have any abnormal heart rhythm (beats) while taking Phetoin.
Thyroid function may get affected while you are taking Phetoin, especially in children. Thyroid function should be monitored while taking Phetoin. Please consult your doctor if you have hypothyroidism or a history of hypothyroidism.
Phetoin has not been reported to cause weight gain. However, weight loss can occur with longer term use of a higher dose of Phetoin. Please consult your doctor if you experience weight gain after taking Phetoin.
Phetoin can make you feel sleepy (sedation, somnolence, and drowsiness). Please consult your doctor if you feel very sleepy after taking Phetoin, especially during the first few weeks of treatment or following a dose increase. Talk to your doctor as you may be advised not to drive or use machines until it is established that your ability to perform such activities is not affected.
Phetoin does affect birth control. Phetoin can decrease the effect of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) which can make the contraceptive (birth control) effect unreliable. Please talk to your doctor if you are asked to take the two medicines together as you may need to use extra protection for birth control.
Severely interacts with other drugs like
Taking Phetoin with any of the following medicines can modify the effect of either of them and cause some undesirable side effects
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