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Metformin(500 mg)


Metformin(500 mg)


Metformin is an antidiabetic medicine that helps to control blood sugar in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

How it works

Metformin belongs to class of medications called antidiabetics.It decreases the amount of glucose absorbed from the food and the amount ofglucose made by liver. Metformin also increases the body's response to insulin(a natural substance that controls the amount of glucose in the blood).

Common side effects

A metallic taste in the mouth, Flushing of skin, Allergic reactions such as skin rash, Abdominal and stomach pain, Chest pain, Nail changes, Accumulation of gas, Constipation and diarrhea, Bloating, Heart burn, Muscle pain, Indigestion, Andheadache


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Expert advice

  • Take the medicine with food to avoid upset stomach.
  • Check your blood sugar regularly.
  • Do not take metformin in severe diarrhoea or vomiting, or when starting antihypertensive or diuretic therapy or therapy with a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
  • This medication may cause lactic acidosis (a build-up of lactic acid in the body, which can be fatal).
  • Lactic acidosis can start slowly and get worse over time.
  • Consult your doctor immediately if you have even mild symptoms of lactic acidosis, such as:muscle pain or weakness,numb or cold  arms and legs,trouble breathing,feeling dizzy, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, slow heart rate.
  • Do not take metformin if you need to have any type of x-ray or CT scan using a dye
  • You need to get certain kidney function tests done before starting treatment  with metformin and regularly thereafter.
  • Be careful when taking this drug in combination with insulin or other oral antidiabetics, as it may lead to low  blood glucose level (hypoglycemia).

Frequently asked questions


Q. Is Metformin a birth control pill/ insulin / statin/ banned drug?
Metformin (also available as glyciphage, glycomet, glycomet SR) is an antidiabetic drug used in treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, particularly in overweight patients, as an adjunct to the diet and exercise.
Q. Is metformin safe?
Metformin is generally safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.
Q. Can I take metformin forever?
Metformin should be taken at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.
Q. Is metformin good for weight loss / weight loss in non-diabetics?
Metformin is used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, particularly in overweight patients. 
Q. How long can I take metformin for PCOS / PCOS while pregnancy?
Metformin sometimes used to treat women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Continuing metformin during pregnancy decreases the chances of developing gestational diabetes. It also reduces the risk of early pregnancy loss, preterm labor and prevention of fetal growth restriction. Depending on your medical history, your doctor might encourage you to continue metformin during pregnancy, or advice you to stop taking it. Always consult your doctor regarding its use.
Q. Does metformin help conceiving / help ovulation / help getting pregnant?
Women with PCOS who are treated with metformin have a better chance of getting pregnant. Always consult your doctor regarding its use.

Content on this page was last updated on 29 April, 2016, by Dr. Khoobsurat Najma (Senior Content Writer)