Atropin Injection is an anticholinergic medication. It works by blocking the activity of a chemical messenger (acetylcholine). This helps dry up secretions (saliva, sweat, etc.) from glands before surgery, increases a low heart rate and decreases intestinal contractions (spasms). It also works as an antidote in certain types of poisoning and reverses the side effects of certain muscle relaxing medicines.
In Depth Information on Atropin Injection
Expert advice for Atropin Injection
Do not start or continue atropine, in any form if you are allergic to atropine or any other ingredients of the medicine.
Do not start or continue atropine eye drops if you wear soft contact lenses; if you have increased pressure in the eyes (glaucoma); fever or increased heart rate.
Do not start or continue atropine tablets if you have a condition called pyloric stenosis characterize with difficulty for food to move from stomach into the small intestine causing pain or vomiting; or acid reflux with heartburn (gastro-oesophageal reflux) and diarrhea.
Avoid taking atropine if you have urinary retention, high blood pressure, any heart problem including weak heart, or high thyroid hormone level.
Do not take this drug if you have rare hereditary problems of intolerance to done or more types of sugar (including galactose intolerance, the Lapp lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption.)
Do not drink alcohol while taking atropine in any form.
Atropine can cause visual disturbances, giddiness and staggering and, therefore, caution has to be taken before operating an automobile or machinery or engaging in activities requiring mental alertness and coordination.
Atropin Injection related warnings
Special precautions for Atropin Injection
Atropin Injection may cause excessive drowsiness and calmness with alcohol.
WEIGH RISKS VS BENEFITS
Atropin Injection may be unsafe to use during pregnancy. Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. The benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk. Please consult your doctor.
Atropin Injection is safe to use during lactation.
Human studies have shown that either the drug does not pass into the breastmilk in significant amount or is not expected to cause toxicity to the baby. Milk secretion may decrease.
Atropin Injection may make you feel dizzy, drowsy or affect your vision. Do not drive until your vision is clear.
Atropin Injection should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Atropin Injection may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Atropin Injection should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Atropin Injection may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
If you miss a dose of Atropin Injection, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
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Frequently asked questions about Atropin Injection
Q. Is atropine a beta blocker /calcium channelblocker/adrenaline/ parasympathomimetic/vasopressor?
No, atropine belongs to class of medication called as anticholinergics or cholinergic antagonist
Q. Is atropine an agonist or antagonist?
Atropine is an antagonist of cholinergic receptors
Q. Is atropine a narcotic drug?
No, it is not a narcotic. However, it is often available in combination with drugs that have abuse potential
Q. Does atropine increase blood pressure/decrease heart rate/sedation/urinary retention/increase contractility?
Atropine decreases heart rate and increases blood pressure; It causes urinary retention as well as decreased contractility of gut and urinary bladder muscles. It does not cause sedation, on the contrary, it causes excitation, sleeplessness and agitation
Q. Does atropine cross placenta?
Yes, small amount of atropine can cause placenta. Always follow your doctor’s advice regarding its use
Q. Does atropine block activity of acetylcholine /nicotinic receptor?
Yes, atropine acts by inhibiting the activity of acetylcholine on muscarinic and nicotinic receptors.