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World Stroke Day: Know The Warning Signs

Image of a lady suffering from stroke

Dr. KHOOBSURAT NAJMA

WHAT IS A STROKE?

Stroke is a condition in which blood flow to an area of brain is cut off causing oxygen deprivation and death of those brain cells. As a result, the abilities controlled by that area of the brain such as memory and muscle control are lost.

It not treated on time; it can cause long term complications like paralysis, loss of bowel and bladder control, pain in hands and feet.

RISK FACTORS

Controllable Risk Factors

  • Up to 50 % strokes are preventable by managing these risk factors: High blood pressure, heart diseases, uncontrolled diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking, excessive alcohol intake, obesity

Uncontrollable Risk Factors

  • Age (>65), Gender (Men have more strokes, women have deadlier strokes), Family history

SYMPTOMS

  • Confusion, trouble speaking and understanding
  • Headache, altered consciousness/ vomiting
  • Numbness of the face, arm or leg, particularly on one side of the body
  • Trouble seeing walking

DIAGNOSIS

Stroke should be treated within treated 3 hours of the symptoms first appearing.

If you think someone may be having a stroke use the F.A.S.T test.

Face – Check their face. Has their face fallen on one side?

Arms – Can they raise both arms and keep them there?

Speech – Is their speech slurred?

Time is critical. If you notice any of these signs, call the nearby hospital immediately

Doctor will conduct the following tests:

  • Physical examination
  • Blood tests
  • CT scan and MRI scan of brain
  • Carotid ultrasound: an ultrasound scan to check the blood flow of the carotid arteries
  • Cerebral angiogram: to get a view of the brain and neck arteries
  • Echocardiogram: to check for any clots in the heart

TREATMENT

Treatment Involves:

Medicines: Drugs are given to break down clots and prevent further clot , reduce the pressure in the brain and seizures.

Surgery is done to repair any problems with blood vessels.

PREVENTION

  • The best way to prevent a stroke is to treat the underlying risk factors and adopt a healthy lifestyle
  • Eat a diet rich in fruit and vegetables and low in cholesterol and saturated fat
  • Exercise regularly
  • Keep blood pressure and diabetes under control
  • Maintain a healthy weight

Quit smoking and limit alcohol intake

Book consultation with best doctors in your city

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