Dr. KHOOBSURAT NAJMA
WHAT IS A STROKE?
Stroke is a condition in which blood flow to an area of brain is cut off causing oxygen deprivation and death of those brain cells. As a result, the abilities controlled by that area of the brain such as memory and muscle control are lost.
It not treated on time; it can cause long term complications like paralysis, loss of bowel and bladder control, pain in hands and feet.
Controllable Risk Factors
- Up to 50 % strokes are preventable by managing these risk factors: High blood pressure, heart diseases, uncontrolled diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking, excessive alcohol intake, obesity
Uncontrollable Risk Factors
- Age (>65), Gender (Men have more strokes, women have deadlier strokes), Family history
- Confusion, trouble speaking and understanding
- Headache, altered consciousness/ vomiting
- Numbness of the face, arm or leg, particularly on one side of the body
- Trouble seeing walking
Stroke should be treated within treated 3 hours of the symptoms first appearing.
If you think someone may be having a stroke use the F.A.S.T test.
Face – Check their face. Has their face fallen on one side?
Arms – Can they raise both arms and keep them there?
Speech – Is their speech slurred?
Time is critical. If you notice any of these signs, call the nearby hospital immediately
Doctor will conduct the following tests:
- Physical examination
- Blood tests
- CT scan and MRI scan of brain
- Carotid ultrasound: an ultrasound scan to check the blood flow of the carotid arteries
- Cerebral angiogram: to get a view of the brain and neck arteries
- Echocardiogram: to check for any clots in the heart
Medicines: Drugs are given to break down clots and prevent further clot , reduce the pressure in the brain and seizures.
Surgery is done to repair any problems with blood vessels.
- The best way to prevent a stroke is to treat the underlying risk factors and adopt a healthy lifestyle
- Eat a diet rich in fruit and vegetables and low in cholesterol and saturated fat
- Exercise regularly
- Keep blood pressure and diabetes under control
- Maintain a healthy weight
Quit smoking and limit alcohol intake