Heart attack (also called a myocardial infarction) occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart stops, causing damage to the heart muscle. It is one of the leading causes of deaths worldwide. Symptoms include chest pain, discomfort in the back, sweating, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath. In case of a suspected heart attack, the person should be given aspirin and rushed to a hospital immediately. One should not wait for symptoms to settle. The earlier the person is rushed to the hospital, the better are the chances of survival.
What Is A Heart Attack?
-A heart attack is a permanent damage to the heart muscle. Your heart muscle needs oxygen to survive.
-A heart attack occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a section of heart muscle suddenly becomes blocked.
-This usually happens when the flow of the blood through the coronary arteries becomes blocked due to a gradual build-up of fatty material called as plaque within the walls of the artery. If the blood flow is not restored quickly, that part of the heart muscle begins to die and leads to heart attack.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Heart Attack?
Some of the most common symptoms of a heart attack are
-Pain in the chest radiating to the left shoulder
-Discomfort radiating to the back, jaw
-Indigestion, fullness in the chest
-Shortness of breath
-Some people may have a heart attack without having any symptoms. That is called a silent heart attack( silent myocardial infarction). It usually occurs in people who are over 75 years of age or diabetics.
What Should You DO When You Suspect A Heart Attack?
-Call for an emergency or immediately rush the patient to the hospital.
-Before the paramedics arrive, try to keep the person calm.
-Loosen any tight clothing.
-Ask the person if he takes any pain relief medicines such as nitroglycerin, and help them take it.
-Give aspirin to the patient.
If the person stops breathing, give the patient CPR if you know how to give it.
What Should You NOT DO When You Suspect A Heart Attack?
-Do not leave the person alone.
-Do not wait to see if the symptoms go away.
-Do not give the person anything by mouth unless heart medicine has been prescribed.
The sooner the patient gets to the emergency room, better it is for his/her survival. Even if you are not sure that it is a heart attack, get it checked out. Minutes matter !! Fast action can save the person’s life.
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