Pigeon pea (arhar) resembles a pea in structure but has a pod that is flat in shape. It varies in size and color across different vegetation belts. Most commonly it is oval or white, brown, red, greyish or purplish in color with a white hylum. A rich source of protein, dietary fiber, thiamine, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, copper and manganese, it also provides an adequate amount of iron and selenium.
Here are some amazing health benefits of Pigeon Pea:
1 . Maintains Blood Pressure
Potassium is the main mineral in pigeon peas that acts as a vasodilator and reduces blood pressure. Those who suffer from hypertension should add pigeon peas to their daily diet to ward off this ailment.
2 . Prevents Anemia
Pigeon peas is a good source of folate. It helps to prevent anemia and defects in the unborn child which is caused due to deficiency of folate. The intake of a single cup of pigeon peas provides adequate amount of the daily recommended vitamins.
3 . Aids Weight Loss
Pigeon peas is low in calories, cholesterol and saturated fats and makes it a healthy food option for weight loss. The presence of dietary fiber keeps one full for a long period of time, increases metabolic rate and helps in weight loss. The nutrients present in pigeon peas convert to usable energy instead of storing it as fat.
4 . Helps To Boost Energy
Pigeon pea is enriched with Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) and Niacin. It enhances the metabolism rate and prevents fat storage and helps to boost energy levels. It is suitable for people living in arid climates and for people doing hard physical labor as consuming pigeon peas gives a boost to the energy levels.
5 . Promotes A Healthy Heart
Pigeon peas contain dietary fiber, potassium and helps to lower the cholesterol levels which helps to maintain cardiovascular health. Potassium lowers the strain on the heart by reducing the blood pressure. It helps to prevent atherosclerosis thereby keeping the heart healthy and the body fit.
6 . Improves Digestive Health
Pigeon peas are rich in dietary fiber which is essential in maintaining digestive health. Fiber adds bulk to the stool and enhances the bowel movement by reducing the strain as well as inflammation. It reduces constipation, cramping, bloating and diarrhea.