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Cervical Cancer: Detection and Prevention

Image showing a woman with cervical cancer with her kid

             BY DR. KHOOBSURAT NAJMA

What is Cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is the cancer of the opening of uterus or womb, known as cervix and is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths in Indian women. Every seven minutes a woman dies due to cervical cancer in India.

What causes Cervical cancer?

The most common cause for cervical cancer is infection with a virus called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) transmitted through sexual contact.

Risk factors include poor local hygiene, not enough time gap between children, low nutrition levels and early marriage.

Symptoms:

In early stages (even in the precancerous stages), cervical cancers usually do not cause symptoms. In the later stages, the symptoms include bleeding after sexual intercourse, bleeding between menstrual cycles and irregular periods.

Detection:

Early detection plays a key role in cancer treatment. Pap smear is a simple, painless and noninvasive test for early detection of cervical cancer.

Pap smear is recommended for all women above 30 years of age and has to be repeated every 1-3 years.

Prevention:

Awareness is the key to prevent cervical cancer. It can be prevented by vaccination between 10-26 years of age.

Two vaccines are available in India, Gardasil™ (marketed by Merck) and Cervarix™ (marketed by Glaxo Smith Kline). The vaccine dose is 0.5 mL given through an intramuscular injection.

Gardasil™ is given in three doses, at 0, 2 and 6 months and at 0, 1 and 6 months in the case of Cervarix™.

If there is a female in your family between 10-26 years of age, do consult a gynecologist for advice regarding the vaccine. These vaccines are available for purchase on www.1mg.com.

You can now buy online medicine from www.1mg.com and get coupons worth 20% of your order value for your next order.

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44 thoughts on “Cervical Cancer: Detection and Prevention

    1. Dr Uday Kiran

      This vaccine is most effective when given early,before the girl has sexual contact, ideally to be given at around 11 years. After the age of 26 years the vaccine may not be very effective. Presently all you can do now is include a pap smear in your annual master health check up as a routine for screening for cervical cancer. In theory the vaccine could even work for boys also as cervical cancer results from Human Papilloma virus which is sexually transmitted. It can be given as early as 9 years of age, ideal age to receive this vaccine is 11 years ,both for girls as well as boys. Hopefully this answers your query.

  1. Pankaj

    Well really a handful of information n I believe such steps cud really help 1mg to grow big.
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    1. Mahendra Kumar

      No mam you cant as it is mention. This is for 12 to 26 yrs of age.what you can do is go for a pap smear test every year. Thanks

  2. suresh

    Very useful. any Dr can advise for wife 39 and she is suffering from abdominal pain and someone advised to go for overies operation immediately

  3. मुकेश

    धन्यवाद् ।।।
    मित्रों यह केवल 10 वर्ष से 26 वर्ष की महिलाओ व बालिकाओ के लिए है।।।
    1एम् जी को मार्केटिंग हेतु धन्यवद

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  6. Pingback: Women Above 30 Years Should Undergo Cervical Cancer Screening. Know How? – 1mg Capsules

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