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Stoin 100mg Tablet


Overview

Introduction

Stoin 100mg Tablet is a prescription medicine used to treat and prevent epilepsy (seizures). It controls seizures by decreasing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Stoin 100mg Tablet can be used alone or in combination with other medicines. It may be taken with or without food. Your doctor will decide the correct dose for you. This may increase gradually until your condition is stable. This medicine may take several weeks to work but it is important to take it regularly to get the benefit. Do not stop taking it, even if you feel fine, unless your doctor advises you to. You may have more seizures, or your bipolar disorder may get worse.

The most common side effects of this medicine include skin rashes, headache, feeling or being sick, difficulty sleeping, dizziness and feeling sleepy or drowsy. Most side effects wear off, but if they bother you or do not go away, tell your doctor. There may be ways of preventing or reducing these effects.

Before taking this medicine, tell your doctor if you have kidney or liver problems, meningitis or depression or suicidal thoughts. Also let your healthcare team know about all other medications you are using as some may affect, or be affected by, this medicine, including contraceptive pills. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, Stoin 100mg Tablet can be taken if it is clearly needed but the dose may be adjusted. You should avoid driving or riding a bicycle if this medicine makes you drowsy or dizzy. You may need frequent blood tests to check how you are responding to this medicine.

Uses of Stoin Tablet

Side effects of Stoin Tablet

Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them

Common side effects of Stoin

  • Rash
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Slurred speech
  • Vertigo
  • Confusion
  • Nervousness
  • Constipation
  • Tremor
  • Altered walking

How to cope with side effects?

The occurrence of side effects varies from person to person. The following are a few ways of dealing with some of the common side effects. However, consult your doctor if these persist.

  • Coping with Rash
    There are many treatments for a wide range of skin problems. Avoid hot showers or baths because hot water can irritate the skin. Make sure to pat dry your skin after a bath or shower. Do not rub or scratch the affected area. Leave the skin exposed to the air as much as possible. Do not use perfumed soaps or deodorants. Water containing chlorine can make most skin problems worse, so avoid swimming. Avoid spicy foods, alcohol, tobacco smoke and caffeine as it may also make itching worse. Avoid excessive sun exposure. Always use sunscreen and protective clothing when outdoors. Moisturizers can be used regularly to soothe and hydrate the affected area. If it does not get better within a week, speak to a pharmacist or doctor.
  • Coping with Headache
    Make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids. Rest in a quiet, dimly lit room. Do not sleep more than you normally would. Do not strain your eyes (for example by looking at a screen). Do not drink alcohol. Headaches are usually temporary and usually go away with time. But, if they last longer or get worse, ask your doctor to recommend a painkiller.
  • Coping with Dizziness
    This is usually short-lived and should go away within a few days. If this happens, stop what you are doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. Lying still in a dark, quiet room may help reduce the spinning feeling. Sleep with your head slightly raised on two or more pillows. Get up slowly from a lying or sitting position. Get plenty of rest and try to relax as being anxious can make it worse. Try taking this medicine at bedtime to reduce the symptoms. Drinking plenty of water and ginger tea may also help. Avoid alcohol, caffeine and smoking as it will make you feel worse. Avoid driving or using tools or machinery until you feel better.
  • Coping with Vomiting
    You can help yourself by eating small, frequent meals rather than large ones and drinking plenty of fluids. Eat slowly. Avoid fatty, fried, spicy and very sweet foods. Eat cold or slightly warm food if the smell of cooked or cooking food makes you feel sick. Get plenty of fresh air. You could also try chewing ginger or drinking ginger tea. Eat bananas to replace potassium in your blood which can drop if you are sick (vomit). Use oral rehydration salts to replace vitamins and minerals lost through being sick. There are some medicines that can help you stop feeling sick. Speak to your doctor if your condition does not improve.
  • Coping with Nausea
    You can help yourself by eating small, frequent meals rather than large ones and drinking plenty of fluids. Eat slowly. Avoid fatty, fried, spicy and very sweet foods. Eat cold or slightly warm food if the smell of cooked or cooking food makes you feel sick. Get plenty of fresh air. You could also try chewing ginger or drinking ginger tea. Eat bananas to replace potassium in your blood which can drop if you are sick (vomit). Use oral rehydration salts to replace vitamins and minerals lost through being sick. There are some medicines that can help you stop from feeling sick. Speak to your doctor if your condition does not improve.
  • Coping with Vertigo
    This is usually short-lived and should go away within a few days. If this happens, stop what you are doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. Lying still in a dark, quiet room may help reduce the spinning feeling. Sleep with your head slightly raised on two or more pillows. Get up slowly from a lying or sitting position. Get plenty of rest and try to relax, as being anxious can make it worse. Try taking this medicine at bedtime to reduce the symptom. Drinking plenty of water and ginger tea may also help. Avoid alcohol, caffeine, and smoking as it will make you feel worse. Avoid driving or using tools or machinery until you feel better.
  • Coping with Confusion
    If this medicine makes you feel this way, stop what you are doing and sit or lie down until you feel better. If the feeling does not go away or troubles you, do not take any more medicine and speak to a pharmacist or your doctor.
  • Coping with Nervousness
    This often disappears when the condition you are being treated for is managed. You could ask your doctor about changing the dose of your medicine or alternatives if it is affecting your daily life or causing you distress. Psychological treatments may be available. Some things you can do to help yourself include stopping smoking, cutting down the amount of alcohol and caffeine you drink, and doing regular exercise. You should also eat a healthy diet and find out how to get sleep if you are having trouble. Try talking to a friend or family member. Calming breathing exercises and other relaxation techniques may also help.
  • Coping with Constipation
    Try to eat foods which are high in fiber such as fresh fruits, vegetables and cereals to increase the bulk and consistency of bowel movements. Drink plenty of water or non-alcoholic drinks and stay hydrated to promote healthy digestion. Increasing physical activities such as walking, yoga and regular exercise can also be helpful. If your condition does not improve, you can ask your doctor to prescribe you laxative medicine.
  • Coping with Tremor
    These symptoms can be a sign that the dose is too high for you. It may help to change your dose or take your medicine at a different time of the day. There are also exercises that can improve muscle strength, control and coordination. In terms of lifestyle, avoid caffeine (in coffee, tea and chocolate), alcohol, and ask your doctor about other techniques to help you relax and manage stress. Talk to your doctor if this bothers you. Your doctor may be able to prescribe you medicines that can help.

How to use Stoin Tablet

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it. Stoin 100mg Tablet may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.

How Stoin Tablet works

Stoin 100mg Tablet is an antiepileptic medication. It controls seizures or fits by decreasing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Safety Advice

Alcohol
UNSAFE
It is unsafe to consume alcohol with Stoin 100mg Tablet.
Pregnancy
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Stoin 100mg Tablet is unsafe to use during pregnancy as there is definite evidence of risk to the developing baby. However, the doctor may rarely prescribe it in some life-threatening situations if the benefits are more than the potential risks. Please consult your doctor.
Breastfeeding
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
Stoin 100mg Tablet is safe to use during breastfeeding. Human studies suggest that the drug does not pass into the breastmilk in a significant amount and is not harmful to the baby.
Please consult your doctor.
Driving
UNSAFE
Stoin 100mg Tablet may decrease alertness, affect your vision or make you feel sleepy and dizzy. Do not drive if these symptoms occur.
Kidney
CAUTION
Stoin 100mg Tablet should be used with caution in patients with kidney disease. Dose adjustment of Stoin 100mg Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
Liver
CAUTION
Stoin 100mg Tablet should be used with caution in patients with liver disease. Dose adjustment of Stoin 100mg Tablet may be needed. Please consult your doctor.

Alternate Brands

For informational purposes only. Consult a doctor before taking any medicines.
Stoin 100mg Tablet
₹1.05/Tablet
Protoin 100mg Tablet
Sigmund Promedica
₹1.57/Tablet
50% costlier
₹1.64/Tablet
56% costlier
Epsolin 100 Tablet
Zydus Cadila
₹1.7/Tablet
62% costlier
Celetoin 100 Tablet
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
₹1.7/Tablet
62% costlier
₹1.73/Tablet
65% costlier

Quick Tips

  • Take your medication regularly as directed by your doctor as missing doses can trigger seizures.
  • Do not change the brand of your medicine and make sure that you have sufficient amount of medicine present with you.
  • Some healthy tips to prevent seizures:
    • Practice yoga every day.
    • Get enough sleep at nighttime.
    • Limit the use of screen time such as mobile/laptop.
    • Take your medication on time.
  • It may cause dizziness and sleepiness. Do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how it affects you.
  • It may increase blood sugar levels. Inform your doctor if you are taking any medicines to treat diabetes.
  • It may cause swollen gum (gum hypertrophy), hence take care of oral or dental hygiene.
  • Talk to your doctor if you notice sudden mood changes or develop suicidal thoughts.
  • Do not stop taking the medication suddenly without talking to your doctor as it may increase the seizure frequency.

Interaction with Drugs

Taking Stoin with any of the following medicines can modify the effect of either of them and cause some undesirable side effects
Brand(s): Aprepit, Aprepep, Fos-Aprepitant
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Norpace, Regubeat
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Nimsun, Abinim, Nimulis
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Nimpod
LIFE-THREATENING

Patient Concerns

arrow
She has problem of epilepsy from last two years
Dr. Rahul Yadav
Paediatrics
Hello, epilepsy and seizures cannot be treated online without physically examining the child and detailed history.
?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ??? encorate Charon 200 500 tablet use krta hu kya iska koi solution h Jisse main completely thk ho jau
Dr. Jyoti Kapoor Madan
Psychiatry
Epilepsy requires regular treatment with anticonvulsants like encorate chrono for at least 3 years of seizure free period after which medicines may be tapered off unless seizures reappear. At present, there are no other effective treatment options.
arrow
Do you have any questions related to Stoin 100mg Tablet ?

FAQs

Q. For how long does Stoin stay in your system?

On an average, Stoin may stay in your system for 5-6 days. This duration varies from person to person. In some cases, it may stay for about 9-10 days.

Q. What happens if I stop taking Stoin?

Suddenly stopping Stoin may cause non-stop seizures (called status epilepticus), which can endanger life. Do not stop taking the medicine without consulting your doctor. If required, your doctor will slowly reduce the dose before stopping it completely.

Q. What are the symptoms that occur if I take more than the recommended dose of Stoin? Can I die from Stoin overdose?

Overdose of Stoin may cause jerky movements of the eyes (nystagmus), unclear speech, loss of balance, tremor, muscle stiffness or weakness, nausea, vomiting, lightheadedness, fainting, blurred vision, slow and shallow breathing and even coma. Stoin overdose can cause very low blood pressure and respiratory problems. As a result of this, the patient can even die.

Q. Who should avoid taking Stoin?

You should not take Stoin if you have liver disease, especially if you have a history of developing a liver problem due to Stoin. Also, patients taking Delavirdine (a medicine used in the treatment of HIV infection) should not take Stoin. Stoin may reduce the effectiveness of Delavirdine on HIV and the virus may also become resistant to Delavirdine. It is advised that you inform your doctor if you have any existing heart disorder before you receive Stoin.

Q. Can I take Stoin with ibuprofen?

Stoin can be taken with ibuprofen. No drug-drug interactions have been reported between the two. However, interactions can occur. Please consult your doctor before taking the two medicines together.

Q. What are the effects of Stoin on children?

The most common side effects related to Stoin in children are jerky movements of the eyes (nystagmus) and overgrowth of the gums. In some children, Stoin causes problems with thinking or behavior, mood change, slow or clumsy movements, or a loss of energy. Other side effects from high doses include unsteadiness in the feet and hands, sleepiness, and vomiting. These may be avoidable if the dose is increased slowly. These side effects quickly disappear when the dose is reduced.

Q. Does Stoin cause weight gain?

Stoin has not been reported to cause weight gain. However, weight loss can occur with longer term use of a higher dose of Stoin. Please consult your doctor if you experience weight gain after taking Stoin.

Q. Does Stoin make you sleepy?

Stoin can make you feel sleepy (sedation, somnolence, and drowsiness). Please consult your doctor if you feel very sleepy after taking Stoin, especially during the first few weeks of treatment or following a dose increase. Talk to your doctor as you may be advised not to drive or use machines until it is established that your ability to perform such activities is not affected.

Q. Does Stoin affect birth control?

Stoin does affect birth control. Stoin can decrease the effect of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) which can make the contraceptive (birth control) effect unreliable. Please talk to your doctor if you are asked to take the two medicines together as you may need to use extra protection for birth control.

Related Products

Disclaimer:

1mg's sole intention is to ensure that its consumers get information that is expert-reviewed, accurate and trustworthy. However, the information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for the advice of a qualified physician. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. This may not cover all possible side effects, drug interactions or warnings or alerts. Please consult your doctor and discuss all your queries related to any disease or medicine. We intend to support, not replace, the doctor-patient relationship.

References

  1. McNamara JO. Pharmacotherapy of the Epilepsies. In: Brunton LL, Chabner BA, Knollmann BC, editors. Goodman & Gilman’s: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 12th ed. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2011. pp. 591-93.
  2. Porters RJ, Meldrum BS. Antiseizure Drugs. In: Katzung BG, Masters SB, Trevor AJ, editors. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 11th ed. New Delhi, India: Tata McGraw Hill Education Private Limited; 2009. pp. 403-405.
  3. Briggs GG, Freeman RK, editors. A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk: Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2015. pp. 1111-116.
  4. Phenytoin. Cedex, France: Famar Orleans; 2018. [Accessed 22 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  5. Drugs.com.Phenytoin. [Accessed 22 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  6. Chaves RG, Lamounier JA. Breastfeeding and maternal medications. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2004;80(5 Suppl):S189-S198. [Accessed 22 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  7. Phenytoin. New York, New York: Pfizer; 2009]. [Accessed 22 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  8. Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO). [Accessed 22 Mar. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link

Manufacturer/Marketer Address

104, Sahajanand Complex, Nr. Thaltej Cross Roads, Off S. G. High Way, Thaltej, AHEMDABAD - 380054, GUJARAT - INDIA
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