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food interaction for OC 21

alcohol interaction for OC 21

pregnancy interaction for OC 21

lactation interaction for OC 21

food
alcohol
pregnancy
lactation
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.
Oc 21 0.03mg/0.15mg tablet may cause excessive drowsiness and calmness with alcohol.
Taking Ethinyl Estradiol with alcohol can cause minor side effects
UNSAFE
Oc 21 0.03mg/0.15mg tablet is highly unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Human and animal studies have shown significant adverse effects on the foetus. Please consult your doctor.
UNSAFE
Oc 21 0.03mg/0.15mg tablet is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
SAFE

SALT INFORMATION FOR OC 21

Ethinyl Estradiol(NA)

Uses

Ethinyl Estradiol is used for contraception, post menopausal osteoporosis (porous bones), prostate cancer, Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and failure of ovarian development

How it works

Ethinyl Estradiol belongs to a class of medications called estrogens (female hormones). It is a synthetic form of the naturally occurring hormone and helps in development and maintenance of menstrual cycle. In post-menopausal women, it works by reducing the post-menopausal symptoms and risk of weakening bones and bone fracture.

Common side effects

Headache, Nausea, Mood changes, Change in body weight, Abdominal pain, Sexual dysfunction, Breast enlargement, Metrorrhagia (menstrual bleeding at irregular intervals), Breast tenderness, Edema, Fibroid
Levonorgestrel(NA)

Uses

Levonorgestrel is used in contraception

How it works

Levonorgestrel as an immediate contraceptive measure is thought to work by:
  • Stopping ovaries from releasing an egg.
  • Preventing sperm from fertilizing any egg that may have already released.
  • Stopping a fertilized egg from attaching itself to womb lining.
As a T-shaped intrauterine delivery system, after placement inside the womb, small amount of the hormone levonorgestrel reduces the monthly growth of the lining of the womb and thickens the cervical mucus which prevents contact and fertilization of an egg by sperm.

Common side effects

Adrenal insufficiency, Rash, Vaginal discharge, Headache, Dizziness, Back pain, Increased appetite, Decreased libido, Pain in extremity, Abdominal distension, Cushing syndrome, Sleepiness, Vomiting, Nausea, Edema, Abdominal pain, Lower abdominal pain, Breast pain, Hair loss, Fatigue, Acne, Hot flushes, Thrombophlebitis, Diarrhoea, Irregular menstrual cycle, Cushingoid syndrome, Increased blood pressure, Depression, Mood changes, Nervousness, Constipation, Increased glucose level in blood, Breathing difficulty

SUBSTITUTES FOR OC 21

No substitutes found

Expert advice FOR OC 21

  • Inform your doctor if you have had a uterus removal procedure or have any problems of the uterus (uterine fibroids, hyperplasia of the endometrium, uterus cancer).
  • Tell your doctor if you have a history of blood clotting disorder, liver problems, gall bladder disorders (e.g. gall stones), high blood pressure, diabetes, hearing problems, breast cancer, heart problems, high levels of fats in blood or migraine.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if you experience pain in your chest that spreads to arm or neck, unexplained migraine-type headaches, with or without disturbed vision, painful swelling in your leg, sudden chest pain and difficulty breathing.
  • Ensure that you undergo regular breast screening (for presence of lumps or any abnormal changes) and cervical smear test while taking ethinylestradiol.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
  • Do not take if allergic to ethinylestradiol or any of its ingredients.
  • Do not take if having recent blood clotting problems or related conditions like heart attack.
  • Do not take if suffering from breast or uterus cancer.
  • Do not take if suffering from untreated enlargement of inner wall of uterus (endometrial hyperplasia).
  • Patients who have or had liver diseases (e.g. jaundice).
  • Do not take if having any disorder related to haemoglobin (porphyria).

Frequently asked questions FOR OC 21

Ethinyl Estradiol

Q.

Is ethinylestradiol good for acne?
Ethinylestradiol may help in acne treatment. However, it is strongly recommended that you consult your doctor for advice on best treatment option suitable your condition and needs.

Levonorgestrel

Q.

Is levonorgestrel progesterone/ a steroid/effective/does levonorgestrel work/work during ovulation/ prevent implantation?
Levonorgestrel is synthetic progesterone, a steroid. It decreases the secretion of hormones and thereby inhibits ovulation. It also inhibits implantation (the point when a fertilized egg embeds in the uterine wall, where it will grow and develop into an embryo). It is effective (almost 84%) and works better if taken as soon as or within 72 hours after unprotected sex or failure of usual contraception

Q.

Is levonorgestrel a combination pill?
Levonorgestrel may be given alone or in a formulation that also contains estradiol

Q.

Is levonorgestrel androgenic?
Levonorgestrel has high progestational and androgenic effects. The level of the androgenic effect refers to the chance of unwanted side effects such as acne and hirsutism (female unwanted hair growth)

Show More
Q.

Is levonorgestrel over the counter?
Levonorgestrel is available as both over the counter and as per doctor's prescription

Q.

Does levonorgestrel expire?
Like every medicine, levonorgestrel also has an expiry date.

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Content on this page was last updated on 08 March, 2017, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)