India has now been labelled as the “Diabetes Capital of the World” and thousands of people are being diagnosed with the condition every day. If this disease is diagnosed at the an early stage, people suffering from it can live a longer and healthier life, free from complications. Keeping blood sugar levels in check is the most crucial factor for managing diabetes. In addition to medications, routine blood tests help in assessing diabetes control and need for any changes in diet and medications. One of the most important test that is advised by the doctor is Glycosylated Hemoglobin or Gylycated hemoglobin ( HbA1c).
What Is Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c)?
-Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a form of hemoglobin to which glucose is attached.
-Since glucose stays attached to hemoglobin for a lifespan life of red blood cells, the level of glycosylated hemoglobin usually reflects the average blood glucose level over the past 2 to 3 months.
What Are The Benefits Of Getting This Test Done?
-It is an important blood test which shows how well your diabetes is being controlled.
-The HbA1c level is a more reliable indicator of long term glycemic control than blood and urinary glucose levels.
-It can also help in detecting if you are at increased risk of developing diabetes (Pre Diabetes).
-It is also used to make adjustments in your diabetes medicines.
What Do The Results Mean?
-For the screening and diagnosis purpose, the normal range of HbA1c is test is between 4% and 5.6%.
–Hemoglobin A1c level between 5.7 to 6.4%, indicates you are at increased risk of developing diabetes (Pre Diabetic).
-A level higher than 6.5%, suggests you have diabetes.
-If you already have diabetes, the goal is to keep the HbA1c level below 7%.
How Is The Test Done?
-The test is done by taking a simple non fasting blood sample.
-It can be done on any time of the day and has no relation to food, exercise or recent medications.
How Frequently Should You Get This Test Done?
-In diabetics, this test should be performed in every 3 to 4 months.
-If your blood glucose levels are under control, you may get this test done every 6 months.
How Can You Keep Your HbA1c level In Check?
-Keeping your HbA1c level in your target range can lower your chance for problems.
-You may lower your HbA1c level by following a holistic approach which consists of dietary modifications, physical activity and medications.
Are There Any Limitations Of This Test?
-The test does not reflect the daily ups and downs of glucose.
-The HbA1c level is not appropriate for the diagnosis of diabetes in following situations:
-In pregnant women and children
-In patients with symptoms of diabetes for less than 2 months
-In Patients suspected of having type 1 Diabetes
-In Patients with anemia, kidney, liver diseases, disorders of hemoglobin synthesis, excessive alcohol intake and hyper-triglyceridemia.
-In these situations, it is best to seek the opinion of a diabetologist for further advice.
So, if you or anyone in your family has diabetes or is at increased risk of diabetes, you can get an HbA1c test done at affordable prices here. Stay Healthy, Stay Happy with 1mg!