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Know Your Body: What Causes Vomiting And When To Go To A Doctor?

Vomiting

There are times when you feel like throwing up, especially when traveling by car or when you eat too much. But every time you feel nauseous, you may not necessarily vomit and it’s not always nausea that leads to vomiting. So what causes it exactly? And when should you consult a doctor or when is it not okay to treat it by using antiemetics or home remedies. Read on to find out

What causes vomiting?

Some of the common causes of nausea and/or vomiting are:

Motion sickness: This can happen if you are traveling by car, boat, bus or anything that moves.

Food poisoning: If you eat food which is contaminated or stale, it can lead to food poisoning. Also, any infection of the stomach or intestine can also lead to nausea or vomiting.

Stomach problems: If the food you eat doesn’t pass through the stomach or intestine or if it gets blocked in the intestine, it can give rise to nausea or vomiting.

Gastrointestinal Esophageal Disease (GERD): It is a condition that causes the esophageal muscles to relax at the wrong time causing the gastric juices to turn back into the esophagus.

Migraine: Some people suffering from a migraine headache also experience nausea or vomiting.

Medicines: It goes without saying that certain medicines can lead to nausea or vomiting. These include antibiotics, vitamins, birth control pills, analgesics and antidepressants.

Alcohol: Excessive consumption of alcohol can make you throw up as anyone who has ever experienced a hangover would know.

Pregnancy: Nausea or vomiting, commonly known as morning sickness, is one of the common symptoms of pregnancy.

When to see a doctor?

If you feel nauseated for more than two to three days or if your symptoms are severe, then it is a sign to consult your doctor immediately.

It is also advised that you rush to a hospital if you spot any of these signs:

Have chest or stomach pain
Vomit blood or something that looks like coffee grounds
Have bloody or black-colored stools
Have a high fever
Have headache or stiff neck
Feel excessive fatigue or trouble getting up
Show signs of dehydration like muscle cramps, confusion, dark urine, no urine for more than 5 hours and dry mouth

Recommended Reads:

Feeling Nauseated? 6 Foods That You Can Try For Instant Relief !

Things To Keep In Mind If Your Child Has Vomiting

References:

O’Brien C. Nausea and vomiting. Can Fam Physician. 2008 Jun;54(6):861-3.

Becker DE. Nausea, vomiting, and hiccups: a review of mechanisms and
treatment. Anesth Prog. 2010 Winter;57(4):150-6; quiz 157.

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