Cardiologists are doctors who specialize in treating heart-related conditions such as heart attack, heart failure, heart blockages, etc. They are the experts who are known to keep your heart healthy and help you lower the risk of heart disease. So to help you prevent heart disease and lead a healthy life, here are few tips that every cardiologist wants you to know. Here’s are some tips from Dr. Bipeenchandra Bhamre, Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Sir H N Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai for good heart health.
1. Do not ignore symptoms of heart disease
The most common symptom is a chest pain (angina) which originates in the center of the chest area, behind the breastbone, is typical of a heart attack. Moreover, a chest pain which occurs after walking some distance which was not experienced initially can also indicate a heart attack. Other common symptoms include shortness of breath, sweating, and pain or discomfort in the jaw, arms, and shoulder. So if you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is recommended to immediately go to a hospital or consult a doctor at the earliest.
2. Go for regular health check-ups
Diabetes, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol level are one of the key factors that put you at risk of heart disease. This is the reason why every person who suffers from high blood glucose level, high blood pressure and high cholesterol level should get a regular health check-up done every year. It goes without saying that the frequency to get a health check-up increases as you age and for people with a family history of heart disease.
Ideally, it is better to get a heart checkup done once you cross 45 years of age, but with increasing incidence in young people (above 30 years), even young adults should get a health check-up every year without fail.
3. Do not self medicate
Self-medication without consulting your doctor is not at all recommended as it might lead to harmful side-effects. Your doctor will weigh the pros and cons of the medication based on your overall health and condition. So think twice before you blindly take any medication without informing your doctor as it might affect you later. It is not advised to consult a chemist or self-medicate for any heart disease.
4. Maintain a good relationship with your family doctor
One of the key reasons why most patients fail to consult a doctor and search Google for information pertaining to their condition is the lack of a good relationship between their family doctor. Most people do not feel comfortable to ask their doctor about problems that affect them on a day to day basis, which according to them are silly things. Even to know why a particular medication is recommended to them, they will go online but not ask their doctor because it a silly reason to ask. This is not right. Be open to your family physician and discuss your health in detail, who will guide you in the right direction.
5. Exercise is the key to keep your heart healthy
Most of us have a very tight schedule which makes it difficult to spend the time to exercise. Although people are turning out to be health conscious and hitting the gym to burn calories and stay fit, it becomes difficult to exercise regularly. But if you are at risk of heart disease or are planning to keep your heart healthy, ensure you lead an active lifestyle. This doesn’t include exercising day in and out but ensuring you workout daily or at least walk every day is enough. You can walk for 30 – 45 minutes for five days a week or walk 10,000 steps a day to stay healthy.
(The article is reviewed by Dr. Lalit Kanodia, General Physician)