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Composition for PAREXEL


food interaction for PAREXEL

alcohol interaction for PAREXEL

pregnancy interaction for PAREXEL

lactation interaction for PAREXEL

It can be taken with or without food, but it is better to take Parexel drops at a fixed time.
Parexel drops may cause excessive drowsiness and calmness with alcohol.
Parexel drops is unsafe to use during pregnancy.
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk, for example in life-threatening situations. Please consult your doctor.
Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.




Diazepam is used in the treatment of  anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasms. Diazepam is sometimes used with other medications to treat seizures.

How it works

Diazepam belongs to a class of medication called as benzodiazepine. It acts by increasing the activity of chemical called as GABA (gamma amino butyric acid) in the brain, which helps to calm the excessive electrical nerve activity.

Common side effects

Vomiting, Nausea, Frequent urge to urinate, Altered libido, Blurred vision, Change in appetite, Constipation, Dizziness, Drowsiness, Dry mouth, Difficulty in urination, Epileptic convulsion, Fatigue, Restlessness, Weakness


Dicyclomine is used to treat periodic spasms and pain in abdomen and stomach, intestinal cramps, irritable bowel syndrome (disorder of the intestines that leads to cramps in the abdomen, gas, bloating and changes in bowel habits) and inability to control urine (urinary incontinence).

How it works

Dicyclomine belongs to antispasmodic and anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) class of medicines that act by relieving the smooth muscle tightening (contraction) of the gastrointestinal tract via dual action: (i) by a specific action (anticholinergic), which reduces muscle contractions and (ii) by a direct effect on muscles of the stomach and intestine (musculotropic) leading to muscle relaxations, and decrease in contraction and pain.

Common side effects

Flatulence, Abdominal bloating, Blurred vision, Gastrointestinal discomfort, Constipation, Dizziness, Drowsiness, Weakness, Dry mouth, Difficulty in urination, Headache, Loss of appetite, Stomach pain, Vomiting


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Expert advice for PAREXEL

  • Do not take diazepam, if you are allergic to diazepam or other ingredients of this medicine, or any other benzodiazepine.
  • Do not start or continue diazepam, if you have heart disease, respiratory problem, kidney failure, low blood levels of a protein called albumin; poor blood supply to the brain (arteriosclerosis); myasthenia gravis (which causes muscles to weaken and tire easily).
  • Avoid using diazepam, if you smoke or have history of alcoholism and drug abuse; depression, suicidal thoughts; or a history of (fits) seizures.
  • Consult a doctor, if you are elderly or child and experiencing effects such as agitation, hyperactivity, restlessness, aggressiveness, nightmares or seeing or hearing thing which are not real (hallucinations), loss of memory (amnesia). 
  • Risk of dependence, can occur or increases with the increased dose and duration of treatment. 
  • Consult a doctor, if the drug effect is reduced after continuous use due to development of tolerance.
  • Do not abruptly stop or withdraw the drug intake.
  • Diazepam can cause sedation, amnesia and impaired muscular function and, therefore, caution has to be taken before operating an automobile or machinery or engaging in activities requiring mental alertness and coordination.

Frequently asked questions for PAREXEL


Q. Is diazepam an opioid/ painkiller/ barbiturate/ sedative/ muscle relaxant?
Diazepam belongs to a class of medication called as benzodiazepine. It produces sedation and also causes muscle relaxation. It is not a barbiturate, and does not relieve pain.
Q. Is diazepam a sleeping pill?
Diazepam is used as sedative drug which induces sleep.
Q. Is diazepam a narcotic/controlled drug?
Diazepam is considered as a narcotic drug, as it has low, but definite potential to cause addiction, resulting in abuse of the drug; hence, its sale is controlled. It is available only according to the prescription of a doctor.
Q. How long can I take diazepam for?
It is advisable to take this drug only till prescribed by the doctor.
Q. Can I take diazepam for back pain/toothache/anxiety/hangover?
Diazepam is used in the treatment of short-term relief (2-4 weeks) of severe anxiety. It is not a pain-relieving medication, and cannot be used to relieve pain. It does not relieve hangover.
Q. Does diazepam help with opioid withdrawal?
Diazepam is used to induce sleep, control fits and other symptoms of withdrawal of opioids as well as other depressant drugs.
Q. Does diazepam cause weight gain/drowsiness/thins blood?
Drowsiness is the most common side effect of diazepam. There is no evidence that it causes weight gain, or thinning of blood.
Q. Does diazepam show on blood test?
Yes, diazepam can be detected in blood, as well as urine, even when it is taken at prescribed doses.
Q. Does diazepam make you high?
Diazepam is a benzodiazepine, which calms down the brain to relieve symptoms of brain hyperactivity. This effect may be perceived by some as pleasant, or ‘getting high’. Diazepam is considered as a narcotic drug, as it has low, but definite potential to cause addiction, resulting in abuse of the drug; hence, its sale is controlled. It is available only according to the prescription of a doctor.


Q. Is Dicyclomine safe?
Dicyclomine is safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.
Q. Is Dicyclomine gluten free?
Dicyclomine active drug does not contain gluten. Read the label instruction of the brands your doctor prescribes you, for gluten content.
Q. Is Dicyclomine an over-the-counter medicine?
Dicyclomine is available over-the-counter. However, always consult your doctor before taking dicyclomine for your disease.
Q. Does dicyclomine help nausea?
Dicyclomine is not known to relieve nausea. Nausea is a common side effect of dicyclomine.
Q. Does dicyclomine help constipation or trigger constipation?
Dicyclomine may cause constipation.
Q. Is dicyclomine an opiate/steroid/antacid/NSAID/benzodiazepine?
Dicyclomine is not an opiate, steroid, or an antacid. It is neither a NSAID not a benzodiazepine.
Q. Is dicyclomine a muscle relaxer?
Yes, dicyclomine is a smooth muscle relaxant. It has a direct effect on muscles of the stomach and intestine. It does not relax the skeletal/voluntary muscles.
Q. Can I take dicyclomine for diarrhea?
Dicyclomine has no known effects in treating diarrhea.
Q. Can I take dicyclomine for menstrual cramps?
Dicyclomine mainly acts on the smooth muscles of the intestine. Hence, it is used to relieve cramps or spasms of the stomach and intestines (gut). It is not known whether it can be used for menstrual cramps.
Q. Does dicyclomine cause constipation?
Dicyclomine may cause constipation.
Q. Does dicyclomine make you drowsy?
Dicyclomine may cause drowsiness and make you feel sleepy.
Q. Does dicyclomine cause hair loss?
Dicyclomine does not have hair loss as a known side-effect.
Q. Can I take dicyclomine with Advil (ibuprofen)/ amoxicillin/ Pepto (bismuth subsalicylate)/ tramadol/ Vicodin (acetaminophen and hydrocodone)/ oxycodone/ Tylenol (paracetamol)?
There are no known serious drug interactions between dicyclomine and Advil (ibuprofen)/ amoxicillin/ Pepto (bismuth subsalicylate)/ Tramadol/ Vicodin (acetaminophen and hydrocodone)/ oxycodone/ Tylenol (paracetamol). Dicyclomine is often available in combination with pain killers like paracetamol Consult your doctor about all medications currently taken before starting and while on dicyclomine.


Content on this page was last updated on 29 March, 2015, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)