Medicine Overview of Lyom Injection
Side Effects of Lyom are Headache, Stomach pain, Nausea, Constipation, Flatulence, Itching, Diarrhoea, Injection site reactions (pain, swelling, redness), Dryness in mouth, Dizziness.
Your doctor or nurse will give you this medicine. Kindly do not self administer.
Lyom 40 mg Injection is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). It works by reducing the amount of acid in the stomach which helps in relief of acid related indigestion and heartburn.
In Depth Information on Lyom Injection
- Inform your doctor if you get watery diarrhea, fever, or stomach pain that does not go away.
- Inform your doctor if you do not feel better after taking it for 14 days as you may be suffering from some other problem that needs attention.
- Long-term use can cause weak bones and deficiency of minerals such as magnesium. Take adequate dietary intake of calcium and magnesium or their supplements as prescribed by your doctor.
- You have been prescribed Lyom 40 mg Injection to reduce stomach acid and heal stomach ulcers.
- Take it one hour before the meal, preferably in the morning.
- It is a well-tolerated medicine and provides relief for a long time.
Lyom Injection related warnings
WEIGH RISKS VS BENEFITS
Lyom 40 mg Injection may be unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. The benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk. Please consult your doctor.
Lyom 40 mg Injection is probably safe to use during lactation.
Limited human data suggests that the drug does not represent a significant risk to the baby.
Do not drive unless you are feeling well.
Lyom 40 mg Injection may cause dizziness and visual disturbances. This may affect your driving ability.
Lyom 40 mg Injection is safe to use in patients with kidney disease. No dose adjustment of Lyom 40 mg Injection is recommended.
Lyom 40 mg Injection should be used with caution in patients with severe liver disease. Dose adjustment of Lyom 40 mg Injection may be needed. Please consult your doctor.
A lower dose may be advised in patients with liver disease and who have to take this medicine for a long time.
If you miss a dose of Lyom 40 mg Injection, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Frequently asked questions about Lyom Injection
Q. Can I take Lyom with domperidone?
Lyom can be safely taken with domperidone as no harmful effects have been reported clinically. A fixed-dose combination of these two medicines is also available. Domperidone works by increasing the gut motility and Rabeprazole decreases the acid production in the stomach. So, this combination is very effective in the treatment of reflux esophagitis associated with acidity, heartburn, intestinal and stomach ulcers.
Q. What are the various conditions in which the use of Lyom is contraindicated?
Use of Lyom is contraindicated if you are allergic to this medicine or any other medicine belonging to the same class of drugs. Also, do not take Lyom if you are already taking a medicine containing nelfinavir (used for the treatment of HIV infection).
Q. What if I miss my dose of Lyom?
If you miss a dose of Lyom, take it as soon as you remember and the next dose as scheduled. However, if it is almost the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose and then follow the regular schedule. Do not take double the dose.
Q. Can I take Lyom along with oral contraceptive pills (birth control pills)?
Lyom can be safely taken with oral contraceptive pills (birth control). They do not affect each other's action and no harmful effects have been seen when they are used together.
Lyom belongs to the group of medicines known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). This drug decreases the acid production in your stomach and is indicated for the treatment of conditions caused by excess acid secretion in the stomach.
Q. Can Lyom cause subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus?
Lyom has been reported to cause subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus in many studies. Common signs and symptoms of this disease include painful joints, tiredness, weakness, rash, fever, anemia, mouth ulcers, hair loss, and many others and these may get aggravated again and again. Talk to your doctor if you experience these side effects as you may need to discontinue this medicine.
Q. Can I take Lyom with ondansetron?
Ondansetron is an anti-emetic medicine which helps in relieving nausea (feeling sick) or vomiting. No harmful effects have been seen when Lyom is used with ondansetron. So, these two medicines can be taken together.
Q. Can Lyom cause lactose intolerance?
Lactose intolerance has been reported with the use of Lyom in some patients. Many Lyom preparations contain lactose as an ingredient. This is a digestive problem in which the patient cannot digest lactose, a type of sugar mainly found in milk and dairy products. The patient may complain of symptoms like flatulence (gas), diarrhea, bloating, stomach pain and feeling of being sick (nausea). Read the ingredients mentioned on the pack before taking the medicine.
Q. Can I take Lyom with Vitamin E?
Lyom can be taken with vitamin E. The combinations seems to have a beneficial effect in terms of better maintenance of moderate to severe esophagitis. However, there are not many studies or reports on this subject. Talk to your doctor for more information on this.
Q. Can I take Lyom with levosulpiride?
Lyom can be safely taken with levosulpiride as no harmful effects have been reported clinically. A fixed-dose combination of these two medicines is also available. Levosulpiride works by increasing the gut motility and Lyom decreases the acid production in the stomach. So, this combination is very effective in the treatment of reflux esophagitis associated with acidity, heartburn, intestinal and stomach ulcers.
Q. Does Lyom use increase the risk of clostridium difficile infection?
Use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) like Lyom may be associated with an increased risk of Clostridium difficile–associated diarrhea (CDAD) as reported in few studies and informed by the US FDA as well. A possibility of CDAD can be there in patients taking PPIs and developed diarrhea that does not improve.
Q. Can Lyom be used in cancer patients?
Lyom can be taken by cancer patients as prescribed by a doctor. Since cancer patients may also take many other medicines for the primary cancer treatment or for other symptoms and infections, there are chances of drug interactions with Lyom.
Q. For how long can Lyom be taken?
Take Lyom for as long as advised by your doctor. The duration of taking Lyom would vary depending on your condition. Do not stop taking this medicine without talking to your doctor.
Q. Can Lyom cause calcium deficiency and osteoporosis?
Lyom can cause osteoporosis (thinning of bones) as it decreases the calcium absorption leading to calcium deficiency. This leads to an increased risk of bone fractures on long-term use, like hip, wrist or spine fractures. Inform your doctor if you have osteoporosis or if you are taking corticosteroids (these can increase the risk of osteoporosis) before starting your therapy. Take enough calcium and vitamin D to reduce the risk.
Q. What are the rare side effects of Lyom?
Rare side effects seen with the use of Lyom includes a decrease in white cells or platelets, allergic reactions, problems like blurred vision, wheezing, shortness of breath (bronchospasm), dry mouth, thrush, liver problems like jaundice, hair loss (alopecia), skin rash on exposure to sunshine, joint pains (arthralgia) or muscle pains (myalgia), severe kidney problems (interstitial nephritis), increased sweating and inflammation of the gut causing diarrhoea.
Proton (acid) pumps are found on the stomach mucosa and they are responsible for secreting acid in the stomach. Lyom works by blocking this gastric acid pump and this unique mechanism of action helps in decreasing the acid secretion in the stomach.
Q. Does Lyom cause hepatitis B and can a patient of hepatitis take Lyom?
Lyom can rarely cause hepatitis with or without jaundice and very rarely it can lead to hepatic failure and encephalopathy in patients with the underlying liver disease. Lyom does not cause hepatitis B or any other viral hepatitis. However, there are studies showing an increased occurrence of hepatic encephalopathy in hepatitis B patients using PPIs. These medicines should be used with caution in patients with the underlying liver disease.
Q. Does Lyom increase chromogranin levels?
Use of proton pump inhibitors like Lyom has been seen to be associated with an increase in chromogranin levels. This increase in chromogranin levels can be due to the effect of these drugs on enterochromaffin cells and this could also falsely increase the levels in patients with neuroendocrine tumours.
Q. Does Lyom cause dementia?
Use of proton pump inhibitors like Lyom has been recently linked with the development of dementia in elderly patients. As this risk of developing dementia is not confirmed, talk to your doctor for more information on this effect.
Q. Does Lyom cause vitamin deficiencies?
Lyom may cause vitamin B12 and vitamin C deficiency. When taken orally, vitamin B12 requires an acidic environment for its absorption from the stomach while Lyom causes a decrease the gastric acid secretion. You may need to take vitamin B12 supplements from outside. The clinical significance of the decrease in vitamin C levels is not known, so vitamin C supplementation is not recommended.
Q. Does Lyom have an expiry date?
Yes, Lyom does expire. Please check the expiry date written on the pack and it refers to the last day of that month. Do not use Lyom after the expiry date.
Q. What is the role of Lyom before endoscopy in patients with gastrointestinal bleeding?
Lyom before endoscopy in patients with gastrointestinal bleeding reduces the need for endoscopic therapy, the rate of post-endoscopy bleeding, and shortens hospital stays. Hence Lyom is given before endoscopy in patients with gastrointestinal bleeding.
Q. Are there any withdrawal symptoms associated with the use of Lyom?
There are no withdrawal symptoms seen when patients stop using Lyom as it has no habit forming tendencies.
Q. Can Lyom cause magnesium deficiency?
Lyom can cause magnesium deficiency in the blood. Low magnesium levels is a rare side effect seen in patients treated with Lyom for at least three months and in most cases after a year of therapy. The patient may have symptoms like tetany, arrhythmias, and seizures and may need to stop this medicine and take magnesium from outside. Magnesium levels should be tested at regular intervals in the patients taking Lyom for a long duration.
Q. Is Lyom a controlled substance?
Lyom is not a controlled substance. It is available when prescribed by a doctor.
Q. Can Lyom be used in cardiac patients?
Patients with cardiac disease can take Lyom. However, Lyom can interact with certain drugs (e.g clopidogrel, digoxin) which might be used by a patient with an underlying cardiac disease. Patients taking Lyom and digoxin may need to be monitored for digoxin toxicity. Lyom decreases the activation of clopidogrel, thus reducing its effects. Patients taking these medicines together needs to be monitored closely by a doctor.
Q. Can the use of Lyom cause iron deficiency?
Use of Lyom can cause iron deficiency and a decrease in hemoglobin levels as it decreases the acidic environment of the stomach needed for the absorption of iron. However, there are no recommendations on the regular monitoring of iron levels or taking iron supplements when the patient is taking Lyom.
Q. Is Lyom a narcotic substance?
Lyom is a not a narcotic substance and has not been reported to have any abuse potential. Lyom does not get you high and does not cause any addiction as no withdrawal symptoms have been reported when you stop taking this drug.
Q. Is Lyom available without a prescription as an over the counter product?
Lyom is a prescription medicine and you can buy this drug by providing a doctor's prescription. Lyom is not available as an over the counter (OTC) product.
Q. How is Lyom metabolised in the body?
Lyom is metabolized in the liver by the cytochrome P450 enzymes mainly CYP2C19. There could be an increase in the level of Lyom in patients with underlying liver disease because of a decrease in its metabolism. However, the amount of drug does not increase if given once a day.
Q. Can Lyom be used in stroke patients?
Lyom can be used in stroke patients. There are studies suggesting that proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) as a class are not associated with an increased short-term risk of recurrent stroke or death among older adults treated with clopidogrel after stroke.
Severely interacts with other drugs like
Taking Lyom with any of the following medicines can modify the effect of either of them and cause some undesirable side effects
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Medicines with composition Roxithromycin: Zuroxy, Roxilim, Rox Thro, Ani Rox, Enirox, Serox, Marox, Roxup, Roxiden, P Rox
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