BY DR. KHOOBSURAT NAJMA
Do you feel excessive tiredness that doesn’t go away after rest? Do you have constant headaches and body aches? You could be suffering from any of these:
One of the commonest causes of fatigue is anemia. Anemia may be caused by iron or vitamin deficiency, blood loss or kidney failure.
The symptoms: Fatigue, difficulty sleeping, lack of concentration, rapid heartbeat, and headache. Simple exercise, such as climbing the stairs or walking short distances, can cause fatigue.
The tests: Anemia blood profile including complete blood count (CBC)
VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY
There’s been an epidemic of vitamin D deficiency over the last few decades because we have been avoiding the sun.
The Symptoms: bone pains, excessive fatigue, mood swings
The tests: Blood tests that detect vitamin D levels in the body
Deficiency of thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) can also cause fatigue and tiredness. Hypothyroidism is most common in women over age 50
The symptoms: fatigue, an inability to concentrate, muscle pains, weight gain, feeling cold all the time (even in warmer weather), irregular periods and constipation
The tests: Blood tests called Thyroid function tests
Another important reason is fluctuating blood sugar levels. Without enough energy to keep the body running smoothly, people with diabetes often notice fatigue as one of the first warning signs
The symptoms: exhaustion, excessive thirst, frequent urination, hunger, weight loss, irritability, infections
The tests: Fasting and random blood sugar tests, HbA1c test, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT),
CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME
Chronic fatigue syndrome is a condition in which a person feels extreme tiredness which is not improved by rest. The symptoms persist for at least 6 months
The symptoms: excessive tiredness, recurring pain, headaches, sore throat, muscle pain, joint pain, problems with memory and concentration, sleep disturbances, weakness or dizziness.
The tests: There are none. Your doctor will diagnose it by ruling out other conditions with similar symptoms
Sleep apnea is a disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep
The symptoms: snoring, followed by tiredness the next day.
The tests: Polysomnogram, a painless test that monitors sleep patterns, breathing changes, and brain activity.
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