Cholesterol - HDL
What is Cholesterol - HDL?
Cholesterol is a fat like substance present in the blood. There are mainly two types of cholesterol: LDL- bad cholesterol & HDL- good cholesterol. This test measures the amount of HDL in the blood.
You may order this test as a part of routine exam, if you have a family history of heart disease or any risk factors like smoking, hypertension & obesity. If the HDL level is 60mg/dl or high, it is considered to be protective against heart disease, while a level less than 40mg/dl can be a major risk factor of heart disease.
Why is Cholesterol - HDL done?
- As a part of lipid profile along with cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL
- As a part of routine health check up
- If you are already a diagnosed case of heart disease
- If you have risk factors for heart disease like cigarette smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus or a family history of heart disease
- Ideally, adolts shoold get this test done for screening purposes once every five years even if they don't have any risk factors
Interpreting Cholesterol - HDL results
- Since HDL is called as "Good Cholesterol", therefore, higher levels are considered better and are associated with less than average increased risk of heart disease
- HDL Cholesterol level between 40 - 50 mg/dl in men and between 50-59 mg/dl in women is considered normal
- HDL level below 40 mg/dl in men and below 50 mg/dl is low and is associated with increased risk of heart disease
- HDL level more than 60 mg/dl is high and is associated with less than average risk of heart disease