Cholesterol - HDL
What is Cholesterol - HDL?
Cholesterol is a fat like substance present in the blood. There are mainly two types of cholesterol: LDL- bad cholesterol & HDL- good cholesterol. HDL is considered as good cholesterol as it helps in the removal of other cholesterol from the blood. This test measures the amount of HDL in the blood.
You may order this test as a part of routine exam, if you have a family history of heart disease or in the presence of any risk factors like smoking, hypertension & obesity.
Why is Cholesterol - HDL done?
- As a part of lipid profile along with cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL
- As a part of routine health check up
- If you are already a diagnosed case of heart disease
- If you have risk factors for heart disease like cigarette smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus or a family history of heart disease
- Ideally, adolts shoold get this test done for screening purposes once every five years even if they don't have any risk factors
Interpreting Cholesterol - HDL results
- Since HDL is called as "Good Cholesterol", therefore, higher levels are considered better and are associated with less than average increased risk of heart disease
- HDL Cholesterol level between 40 - 50 mg/dl in men and between 50-59 mg/dl in women is considered normal
- HDL level below 40 mg/dl in men and below 50 mg/dl is low and is associated with increased risk of heart disease
- HDL level more than 60 mg/dl is high and is associated with less than average risk of heart disease