Test Detail
Understanding the Test
Test Measures
Interpreting Results
FAQ's
City Price Info
Home Collection
References
Other Tests
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Dr. Shreya Gupta
BDS, MDS - Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
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Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time

Also known as Partial thromboplastin time, Intrinsic pathway coagulation factor profile
500
You need to provide
Blood
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. Overnight fasting is preferred.
  2. A duly filled coagulation requisition form (Annexure - CR/05) is mandatory for sample collection.
  3. Kindly provide complete clinical details and medication history or doctor's prescription; this information is important for correlation of your test results.

Understanding Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time


What is Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time?

An Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test is a screening test that helps evaluate your body's ability to form blood clots. This test is performed to detect bleeding disorders if you have unexplained bleeding or bruising and to monitor ongoing treatment with anticoagulant medicines.

Clotting factors or coagulation factors, are the proteins found in the blood that help to stop bleeding whenever there is a wound or cut. When any blood vessel is ruptured, the clotting factors initiate the formation of a blood clot that stops the bleeding rapidly. But when there is insufficient clotting factor in the blood, the blood clots do not form well, which leads to excessive bleeding.

An Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) also known as partial thromboplastin time (PTT) is performed to check if you have problems associated with your clotting factors which can result in excessive blood loss. This test helps diagnose various bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), antiphospholipid syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), etc. Your doctor may also suggest an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test if you have symptoms of bleeding or clotting disorders, such as unexplained and inappropriate heavy bleeding, easy bruising, unusual heavy nose bleeds, leg swelling, redness on the legs, or chest pain. Additionally, this test is performed in case of recurrent miscarriages and sometimes before a scheduled surgery.

Usually, overnight fasting (8-12 hours) is preferred before an {test _name} test, and a duly filled coagulation requisition form is mandatory for sample collection. If you take anticoagulant medication, it is advised to give the testing sample before the daily dose is taken. Also, inform the doctor if you are taking medications such as blood thinners, as they may interfere with test results, and your doctor may adjust your dose or stop them temporarily before the test.

Test result ranges are approximate and may differ slightly between different labs depending on the methodology and laboratory guidelines. Talk to your doctor about your specific test results. Narrate your as well as your family’s complete medical history of bleeding disorders to help the doctor correlate your clinical and laboratory findings. After analyzing all the aPTT test results, the doctor would recommend a course of treatment and lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise to manage your condition.

What is Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time used for?

An Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test is done:

  • To detect and diagnose bleeding disorders or clotting disorders.

  • Before planning a surgical procedure.

  • To monitor the efficacy of the treatment with anticoagulant medications, such as warfarin and heparin.

  • If there are symptoms like easy bruising, excessive or unexplained bleeding, etc.

  • In conditions that may affect the blood’s clotting ability such as liver disease, lack of vitamin K, blood transfusion, cancer, and autoimmune disorders.

  • To investigate the cause of thrombotic episodes or recurrent miscarriages.

What does Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time measure?

Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test measures the time taken by the blood to form a clot. In other words, it is a screening test that helps evaluate a person’s ability to form blood clots. The test analyzes the amount and the function of specific proteins in the blood called coagulation or clotting factors, which are an essential part of blood clot formation.

Blood clotting or coagulation occurs through a series of cascade reactions due to the activation of clotting factors. There are a total of thirteen clotting factors within our bodies that aid in clot formation, and for healthy clot formation, all clotting factors need to be in the right balance. Any imbalance of these factors can lead to a blood clotting disorder. 

 

Interpreting Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time results


Interpretations

Normal Reference Ranges:

Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT):  30 - 40 seconds

In case the patient is receiving treatment with Heparin, the dose is adjusted so that the aPTT result is about 1.5 to 2.5 times the normal value.

Causes of prolonged aPTT are:

  • Inherited coagulation factor deficiencies seen in conditions like von Willebrand disease, Hemophilia A and Hemophilia B (Christmas disease) etc.

  • Acquired Coagulation factor deficiencies due to liver disease, deficiency of Vitamin K etc.

  • Presence of inhibitors, such as lupus anticoagulant and anticardiolipin antibodies, which bind to phospholipids present on the surface of platelets

  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)

  • Leukemia

 

Causes of shortened aPTT are:

  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation (in early stages)

  • Extensive cancer (eg, ovarian, pancreatic, colon cancer)

 

The PT and aPTT tests are usually performed and evaluated simultaneously, and the results may be interpreted as follows:

PT RESULT

aPTT RESULT

CONDITIONS INDICATED

High

Normal

Liver diseases, Vitamin K deficiency, reduced activity of Factor VII, Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC), Warfarin treatment

Normal

High

Reduced activity of Factors VIII, IX, XI, or XII, von Willebrand disease, autoantibodies destroying one or more coagulation factors

High

High

Reduced activity of Factors I, II, V or X, liver diseases, DIC, an overdose of Warfarin

Normal

Normal

Normal hemostasis usually. However, normal results may also appear in a mild reduction in coagulation factor activity and mild cases of von Willebrand disease.

 

 

Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time


Frequently Asked Questions about Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time

Q. Why is Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test important?

An Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test is important in monitoring the treatment efficacy of blood-thinning medications, particularly heparin. An Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test is also essential for diagnosing bleeding disorders or conditions that affect the clotting factors.

Q. What are the risks associated with an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test?

Usually, there are no risks associated with an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test. However, some people may feel a slight sting when a needle is pricked and experience some bleeding that is normal and usually not bothersome. Rarely, some people may also experience slight swelling or bruising at the site of the needle prick. Applying ice 3-4 times a day for about a week may help reduce swelling and bruising. If it does not get better, consult your doctor.

Q. When should I take an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test?

You may need an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test if you are experiencing symptoms suggestive of bleeding disorders, such as easily bleeding, unexplained heavy bleeding, heavy menstrual bleeding in women, excessive bleeding from cuts and wounds, frequent nosebleeds that won’t stop, bleeding gums, repeated heart attacks or strokes and excessive bleeding during surgical procedures.

Q. What happens if my Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test result is high?

If your Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test result is higher than the normal range and you have certain symptoms associated with bleeding disorders like abnormal bleeding, easy bruising, etc., then it may indicate an underlying health problem like hemophilia, von Willebrand disease, liver disease, Vitamin K deficiency, etc. Talk to your doctor for a better understanding.

Q. What factors can affect an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test result?

Certain medications like antihistamines, ascorbic acid, chlorpromazine, heparin, Vitamin K supplements, and salicylates may affect the test results. A high temperature can also alter the Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test result.

Q. Can I get an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test during pregnancy?

Yes, an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test may be done during pregnancy to determine any bleeding risks present in the patient, which can lead to miscarriage or thromboembolism.

Q. What other tests can be advised by the doctor in case of abnormal results of an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test?

In case of abnormal results of an Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test, the doctor can advise platelet count test, thrombin time test, fibrinogen testing, coagulation factor tests, lupus anticoagulant testing, and test for von Willebrand factor.

Q. How can I control my unexplained bleeding that won’t stop?

Apply direct pressure on the cut or wound with a clean cloth, tissue, or a gauze piece until the bleeding stops. If blood soaks through, add another cloth or bandage and continue putting pressure on the cut. Seek medical help if the bleeding won’t stop.

Q. Is there any difference between PTT and aPTT?

Both factors are used to calculate the time it takes the aPTT blood sample to clot in your body. However, in the case of aPTT (Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time), an activator (chemical agent) is added to the sample, speeding up the time it takes to clot. So, in aPTT, the reference range becomes narrower than in PTT (Partial Thromboplastin Time).
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Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time test price for other cities


Price inKolkataRs. 500
Price inGurgaonRs. 500
Price inBangaloreRs. 500
Price inNoidaRs. 500
Price inHyderabadRs. 500
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References

  1. Activated Partial Thromboplastin Clotting Time [Internet]. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Medical Center; [Accessed 18 Dec. 2023] Available from: https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=167&contentid=aptt#:~:text=A%20normal%20range%20is%20around,it%20may%20mean%20several%20things. External Link
  2. Rountree KM, Yaker Z, Lopez PP. Partial Thromboplastin Time. [Updated 2023 Aug 14]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK507772/ External Link
  3. Doherty TM, Kelley A. Bleeding Disorders. [Updated 2023 Apr 3]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK541050/ External Link
  4. What Are Bleeding Disorders [Internet]. NIH; 03 Aug. 2023. [Accessed 18 Dec. 2023]. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/bleeding-disorders External Link
  5. Barmore W, Bajwa T, Burns B. Biochemistry, Clotting Factors. [Updated 2023 Feb 24]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK507850/ External Link
  6. Palta S, Saroa R, Palta A. Overview of the coagulation system. Indian J Anaesth. 2014 Sep;58(5):515-23. [Accessed 18 Dec. 2023] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4260295/ External Link
  7. Matsumoto T, Wada H, Fujimoto N, Toyoda J, Abe Y MR, Ohishi K, Yamashita Y, Ikejiri M, Hasegawa K, Suzuki K, Imai H, Nakatani K, Katayama N. An Evaluation of the Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time Waveform. Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2018 Jul;24(5):764-770. [Accessed 18 Dec. 2023] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6714873/ External Link
  8. Capoor MN, Stonemetz JL, Baird JC, Ahmed FS, Awan A, Birkenmaier C, Inchiosa MA Jr, Magid SK, McGoldrick K, Molmenti E, Naqvi S, Parker SD, Pothula SM, Shander A, Steen RG, Urban MK, Wall J, Fischetti VA. Prothrombin Time and Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time Testing: A Comparative Effectiveness Study in a Million-Patient Sample. PLoS One. 2015 Aug 11;10(8):e0133317. [Accessed 18 Dec. 2023] Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4532488/ External Link

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