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₹800.0/kit
1 kit in 1 packet
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Substitutes for VIRO 4

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Medicine Overview of VIRO 4 KIT

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Uses of Tenofovir

Tenofovir is used in the treatment of hiv infection and chronic hepatitis b virus (hbv) infection.
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Side effects of Tenofovir

Common

Fatigue, Weakness, Headache, Nausea, Diarrhoea, Muscle pain, Pain, Dizziness, Depression.

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How to use Tenofovir

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Check the label before use.

How VIRO 4 KIT works

Tenofovir prevents the multiplication of HIV virus in human cells. Thus stops the HIV virus from producing new viruses.
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Uses of Lamivudine

Lamivudine is used in the treatment of hiv infection and chronic hepatitis b virus (hbv) infection.
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Side effects of Lamivudine

Common

Fatigue, Headache, Nausea, Vomiting, Abdominal pain, Dizziness, Ear infection, Nasal infection, Throat infection, Sore throat, Skin rash, Muscle pain, Fever, Chills, Diarrhoea.

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How to use Lamivudine

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Check the label before use.

How VIRO 4 KIT works

Lamivudine prevents the multiplication of HIV virus in human cells. Thus stops the HIV virus from producing new viruses.
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Uses of Atazanavir

Atazanavir is used in the treatment of hiv infection.
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Side effects of Atazanavir

Common

Rash, Headache, Dizziness, Vomiting, Crystals in urine, Nausea, Abdominal pain, Dyspepsia, Paresthesia (tingling or pricking sensation), Throat pain, Increased liver enzymes, Diarrhoea, Blood in urine, Peripheral neuropathy (tingling and numbness of feet and hand), Cough, Altered taste, Increased cholesterol level in blood, Increased triglyceride level in blood, Protein in urine.

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How to use Atazanavir

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Check the label before use.

How VIRO 4 KIT works

Atazanavir prevents the multiplication of HIV virus in human cells. Thus stops the HIV virus from producing new viruses.
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Uses of Ritonavir

Ritonavir is used in the treatment of hiv infection.
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Side effects of Ritonavir

Common

Altered taste, Headache, Nausea, Diarrhoea, Paresthesia (tingling or pricking sensation), Dizziness, Cough, Abdominal pain, Throat pain, Peripheral neuropathy (tingling and numbness of feet and hand).

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How to use Ritonavir

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Check the label before use.

How VIRO 4 KIT works

Ritonavir prevents the multiplication of HIV virus in human cells. Thus stops the HIV virus from producing new viruses.

In Depth Information on VIRO 4 KIT

Expert advice for Tenofovir

  • Do not take tenofovir if you are already taking medicines that contain tenofovir in combination with other drugs.
  • Do not take tenofovir with other drugs that can potentially damage your kidneys; especially adefovir (used in treatment of hepatitis B).
  • Contact your doctor immediately if you notice symptoms: deep and rapid breathing, drowsiness, urge to vomit (nausea), vomiting, muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs, stomach pain, fast or uneven heart rate, or feeling very weak or tired. These might indicate development of a life-threatening side effect of tenofovir called lactic acidosis (excess lactic acid in blood). Lactic acidosis occurs more often in women, particularly if they are very overweight or are taking nucleoside antivirals for a long time.
  • Tenofovir may damage your kidneys (nephrotoxicity). Constant monitoring of kidney function (blood tests to assess the health of kidneys) is advised while on treatment with tenofovir.
  • Contact your doctor immediately if you have symptoms: persistent urge of vomit (nausea), upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (abnormal liver function causing yellowing of the skin or eyes). These might indicate development of severe liver damage.
  • Decreases in bone mineral density can happen while taking tenofovir.
  • Do consult your doctor before taking tenofovir if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
  • Do not use tenofovir if you are breast-feeding.
  • Tenofovir may cause lipodystrophy (changes in body fat - build up or loss of body fat) especially in elderly patients with HIV. Physical examination of fat redistribution and monitoring of blood levels of lipids and sugar may be advised in elderly.
  • Discuss with your doctor about necessary precautions (practicing safer sex and making other life-style changes) to be taken to avoid spreading of HIV virus to others.

Expert advice for Lamivudine

  • Consult your doctor if you have diabetes and are using insulin.
  • Patients receiving this therapy are always at a risk for infections and hence should report any such cases to the doctor.
  • Consult your doctor if you take any prescription medication; Inform your doctor if you take other medicine for treatment of HIV or hepatitis B infection, hairy cell leukemia [a type of blood cancer], or antibiotics for infection.
  • Lamivudine may rarely cause a serious side effect like lactic acidosis with symptoms such as pain or weakness of muscle, numbness or feeling cold in arms or legs, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, lack of breath, aberrant heart rate, dizziness, weak or tired feeling; hence, inform the doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms.
  • It is possible to pass on HIV when on this medication and hence it is important to take necessary precautions to prevent HIV from spreading.
  • Inform you doctor if you notice signs of change in the distribution of fat (lipodystrophy), erosion of bones (osteronecrosis), or inflammation of pancreas (pancreatitis).
  • If you are on therapy it is important to use effective non hormonal method of contraception or condom so that a pregnancy can be avoided.
  • Use with caution in pediatric patients with a history of pancreatitis or other significant risk factors for pancreatitis.

Expert advice for Atazanavir

  • Before taking atazanavir, inform you doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy.
  • Inform you doctor if you have or ever had any liver problems or liver disease including hepatitis B or C or kidney problems.
  • Discuss with your doctor about necessary precautions to be taken to avoid spreading of HIV virus to others.
  • Atazanavir should not be used in children who weigh less than 10 kg or who weigh 25 kg or more.
  • Consult your doctor if you experience sudden or spontaneous bleeding.

Expert advice for Ritonavir

  • Consult your doctor about taking the ritonavir if you had a history of hepatitis A or B, hemophilia, diabetes, erectile dysfunction, kidney disease, any kind of infection, stiffness or aches or pains in joints, weakness or pain or tenderness in muscles, light-headedness, dizziness, fainting episodes or abnormal heartbeat.
  • Ritonavir tablets should always be taken with food.
  • Use effective methods of contraception to avoid pregnancy.
  • Do not drive or operate machinery as ritonavir can cause dizziness or sleepiness.
Warnings
Special precautions for VIRO 4 KIT
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Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
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Pregnancy
WEIGH RISKS VS BENEFITS
Viro 4 kit may be unsafe to use during pregnancy.

Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. The benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk. Please consult your doctor.
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Lactation
CAUTION
Viro 4 kit is probably unsafe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.
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Driving
CAUTION
Dizziness has been reported in some of the patients.

Patients should be informed that dizziness has been reported during treatment.
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Kidney
CAUTION
Caution should be used in patients with impaired renal function.

Caution to be advised in patients with moderate to severe impaired renal function.
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Liver
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.

Patient Concerns

Frequently asked questions for VIRO 4 KIT

Frequently asked questions for Tenofovir

Q. Is tenofovir a NRTI?
Yes. Tenofovir is an antiviral drug belonging to class nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)
Q. What is tenofovir/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate used for/ What does tenofovir treat?
Tenofovir is an antiviral drug used in combination with other drugs in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. It may also be used in very limited cases of long-term infections of liver caused by hepatitis B virus
Q. Is Viraday safe/ effective?
Viraday is a trade name for fixed-dose combination of drugs efavirenz, emtricitabine, and tenofovir. It is safe and effective if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor
Q. Is viraday the same as atripla?
Yes. Viraday and atripla are trade names for fixed-dose combination of drugs efavirenz, emtricitabine, and tenofovir. They are used in the treatment of HIV
Q. How does tenofovir work?
Tenofovir is an antiviral drug belonging to class nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). By the virtue of its structure that closely resembles the natural structure of viral DNA, tenofovir incorporates itself into the viral DNA. By doing so, it blocks the activity of an important viral enzyme reverse transcriptase which is involved in the replication of viral DNA, a process essential for survival of the virus
Q. Does tenofovir cause hair loss?
Hair loss is not a known side effect of tenofovir
Q. Does tenofovir cause lipodystrophy?
Tenofovir may cause lipodystrophy (build up or loss of body fat) especially in elderly patients with HIV. Physical examination of fat redistribution and monitoring of blood levels of lipids and sugar may be advised in elderly
Q. How does tenofovir cause renal toxicity/renal failure?
Tenofovir is predominantly excreted by the kidneys. The part of kidneys involved in its excretion is called the proximal tubule. Studies indicate that tenofovir accumulation in the proximal tubule due to interaction with other drugs (eg. ritonavir) or prolonged use is responsible for kidney damage (renal toxicity). The kidney damage may then progress to kidney failure
Q. Does tenofovir cure hepatitis B/ Is viraday effective/does viraday work?
Yes. Viraday is effective against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and some cases of hepatitis B. It is safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.
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Frequently asked questions for Lamivudine

Q. Can lamivudine cure hepatitis B?
Lamivudine is used to treat hepatitis B but some patients may be resistant to this dru
Q. Can lamivudine be crushed?
Lamivudine cannot be crushed but it can be broken into two parts to give it to children. Please go by the recommendation of the doctor
Q. Can lamivudine cause anemia?
Lamivudine may cause anemia as a side effect in some patients. Kindly consult your doctor in case any side effects are observed.

Frequently asked questions for Atazanavir

Q. What is atazanavir used for?
Atazanavir is used in combination with other anti-retroviral medicines for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection
Q. Does atazanavir cause hyperbilirubinemia?
Yes, hyperbilirubinemia (an increase in the level of bilirubin in the blood) is a known side effect of atazanavir.
Q. How does atazanavir work?
Atazanavir belong to a group of medications called azapeptide HIV-1 protease inhibitor. It inhibits some viral polypeptides in the HIV-1 infected cells of the body and inhibits and prevents maturation of virus in the cells. Atazanavir does not cure HIV infections; it decreases the risks of developing acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and other HIV-related illnesses due to compromised immunity
Q. Does atazanavir cause lipodystrophy?
Yes, lipodystrophy (changes in body fat - build up or loss of body fat) is a known side effect of atazanavir
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Frequently asked questions for Ritonavir

Q. What is ritonavir used for?
It is used along with other medication for treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It does not completely cure HIV or AIDS
Q. Why is ritonavir used along with lopinavir?
Ritonavir is available with lopinavir as a fixed dose combination as it improves the availability of lopinavir which helps in increasing activity against HIV
Q. Is ritonavir a protease inhibitor?
Ritonavir, a protease inhibitor
Q. How does ritonavir work and what does it inhibit?
Ritonavir belongs to a class of medication called protease inhibitors. It inhibits protease enzymes from breaking down proteins and thus prevents HIV from multiplying inside the body. It does not cure HIV completely but reduces the chances of getting acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and HIV related infections or cancer
Q. Why is it used as a booster?
Ritonavir is used as a booster to increase the absorption of other protease inhibitors as well as prevent other protease inhibitors from being degraded.
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