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food interaction for MINOKEM N

alcohol interaction for MINOKEM N

pregnancy interaction for MINOKEM N

lactation interaction for MINOKEM N

Avoid Minokem n 2% solution with caffeine and chocolate as well as food containing caffeine and chocolate such as tea leaves, cocoa beans.
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.
Minokem n 2% solution may be unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Either animal studies have shown adverse effect on fetus and there are no human studies or studies in human and animals are not available. It should be given only if potential benefits justifies risk to the fetus. Please consult your doctor.
Minokem n 2% solution is probably safe to use during breastfeeding. Please consult your doctor.


Minoxidil(2% w/v)


Minoxidil is used orally for the treatment of high blood pressure, in combination with other anti-hypertensive drugs. It is also used  topically for treatment of hair loss (alopecia androgenetica) (hereditary hair loss) in men and women by preventing hair loss and promoting hair regrowth.

How it works

Minoxidil works by relaxing blood vessels of the body so that blood passes through them more easily. This helps to lower resistance to blood flow and thus lower blood pressure. Minoxidil stimulates hair growth in early and moderate stages of hereditary hair loss (alopecia androgenetica) by increasing the diameter of the hair shaft, stimulation and prolongation of growing phase of hair follicle (anagen). Being a peripheral vasodilator, minoxidil enhances microcirculation to hair follicles thereby stimulating the growth.

Common side effects

Contact dermatitis, Headache, Increased hair growth, Skin rash
Azelaic Acid(1.5% w/v)


Azelaic acid gel is used to treat the bumps, an area of abnormal tissue change (lesions), and swelling caused by rosacea (a skin disease that causes redness, flushing, and pimples on the face). Azelaic acid cream is used to treat pimples (acne).

How it works

Azelaic acid belongs to a class of drugs called dicarboxylic acids. It works to treat pimples by killing the bacteria that cause infection of skin pores and by decreasing production of keratin, a natural substance that can lead to the development of pimples. The way Azelaic acid works to treat rosacea is not known.

Common side effects

Application site tingling, Burning sensation, Itching, Skin rash, Stinging sensation
Tretinoin(0.01% w/v)


Tretinoin is topically used to treat acne, smooth rough facial skin, reduce the appearance of fine wrinkles and mottled skin discoloration. It is also used to treat a type of blood problem called acute promyelocytic leukaemia (bone marrow malignancy with an excess of immature cell).

How it works

Tretinoin is a form of vitamin A and belongs to a group of medicines called ‘retinoids’. It helps the skin renew itself and works by slowing the growth of certain types of diseased blood cells.

Common side effects

Burning sensation, Acne, Darkening of skin, Facial swelling, Itching, Blisters on skin, Scaling, Skin redness, Tingling sensation, Infection, Allergic reaction


No substitutes found

Expert advice for MINOKEM N

  • Minoxidil tablets may make you feel drowzy or dizzy when you stand up; particularly when you first start treatment or your dose is increased. If affected do not drive or operate machines.
  • Do not take minoxidil either oral or topical application if you are allergic to minoxidil or any other ingredients of the medicine.
  • Consult your Doctor before you start taking minoxidil orally If  you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, or breast feeding. 
  • Consult your doctor immediately and stop taking minoxidil, if you develop discomfort in your chest any time after starting minoxidil.
  • Do not use the topical application while smoking, or near any naked flame or strong heat source. Also, avoid exposure of the container and contents to naked flames during use, storage and disposal as the solution is flammable.
  • Do not use minoxidil hair solution on red, inflamed, irritated or painful scalp.
  • Do not use minoxidil hair solution if you are using other cream, lotions or ointments on your scalp.
  • Do not exceed the recommended use. Exceeding the recommended dose will not re-grow your hair any more quickly and you have an increased likelihood of getting side-effects.
  • Consult your doctor and inform him before using minoxidil if you are using medicines such as dithranol or petrolatum for psoriasis, tretinoin for acne and corticosteroids (bethmethasone dipropionate) for other skin disorders.
  • Stop and consult your doctor immediately if you experience side effects related to low blood pressure such as chest pain, rapid heart rate, fainting, dizziness, swollen hands and feet and redness of the scalp.

Frequently asked questions for MINOKEM N


Q. Is minoxidil safe? 
Minoxidil is safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.
Q. Is minoxidil available in India? 
Yes, minoxidil is available in India with various trade names.
Q. Does minoxidil cause acne? 
Yes, minoxidil may cause acne in some individuals.
Q. Does minoxidil cause headache? 
Yes, headache is a very common side effect of minoxidil. 
Q. Does minoxidil cause impotence? 
There are no known effects of minoxidil on potency or sexual function in both men and women. Patients should follow advice of the doctor regarding its use. 
Q. Is minoxidil effective for hair growth/regrowth? 
Yes, minoxidil is effective in hair growth/regrowth for patients with hereditary hair loss. However, each patient may respond differently to minoxidil treatment for hair growth.
Q. Is minoxidil effective for frontal baldness? 
Minoxidil is effective in hair growth for patients with hereditary hair loss, hence minoxidil may be useful in frontal baldness. Patients should follow advice of the doctor regarding its use.
Q. Does minoxidil grow beard? 
Minoxidil is used on the scalp for hair growth in patients with hereditary hair loss. Patients should follow advice of the doctor regarding its use.
Q. Is minoxidil a steroid? 
No, minoxidil is not a steroid. 
Q. Does minoxidil cause hair loss?
Yes, temporary hair loss during minoxidil treatment is possible.

Azelaic Acid

Q. Is azelaic acid over the counter?
Yes. azelaic acid is an over the counter drug.
Q. Is azelaic acid an AHA/ retinoid/ antibiotic/ DHT blocker/ steroid?
Azelaic acid is not an AHA/retinoid/antibiotic/steroid. Azelaic acid may be a potent inhibitor of 5-alpha reductase which in turn decreases the levels of DHT (dihydrotestosterone). 
However, please follow your doctor's advice regarding its use.
Q. Does azelaic acid work for wrinkles/ melasma/hair loss/redness/to get lighter skin?
Azelaic acid mainly used to treat pimples and no other skin conditions.
Q. Does azelaic acid exfoliate?
There is not much evidence found for Azelaic acid exfoliating dead skin.
Q. Does azelaic acid bleach clothes?
No. Azelaic acid does not bleach clothes.


Q. Is tretinoin a steroid/ retin a/ retin a/ a retinoid/retinol?
Tretinoin is not a steroid. It is a form of vitamin A (Retin-A) and belongs to a group of medicines called ‘retinoids’. Tretinoin and retinol are similar but tretinoin tends to be a bit more aggressive than retinol which is a bit more suitable for those with sensitive skin.
Q. Is tretinoin safe/ tretinoin cream safe?
Tretinoin is safe if taken at recommended doses and duration. The gel form should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 12 years.
Q. Does tretinoin cream work/ is tretinoin cream good for acne/acne scars/ lighten skin/ thin the skin/ work on wrinkles/ fade dark spots/clog pores/ cause breakouts?
Tretinoin cream works effectively in most of the patients. It is useful for treating most of the skin related issue like acne, acne scars, skin lightening, removing wrinkles, fade dark spots, clog pores, etc. It does not cause breakouts but helps the skin in healing it.
Q. Is tretinoin available over the counter?
It is available only as per doctor’s prescription.
Q. Does tretinoin stain clothes?
It may stain as it has a preservative in it.


Content on this page was last updated on 10 August, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)