Hair loss

Description of Hair loss

Definition of Hair Loss
Abnormal hair loss (alopecia) of more than 100 hairs a day is a cause of concern. Hair loss may be permanent or temporary, rapid or slow, and diffused, patterned or complete. It may be caused by genetic, environmental, or medical reasons and may or may not be treatable.
Causes and Risk Factors of Hair Loss
When hair loss is permanent and accompanied with inflammation, skin problems, or tissue destruction, it is called scarring hair loss. There is no such scalp tissue damage in nonscarring hair loss.

Androgenic alopecia is hair loss caused by genetic factors or family history. It is the common form of hair loss observed in both men and women where hair loss occurs in a certain pattern.
Men usually start losing their hair above the temples and form a typical M shape, while thinning of hair all over the scalp is observed in women. It is more common in men, and usually occurs after menopause in women. Androgenic alopecia is caused by androgens, particularly dihydrotestosterone.
Alopecia areata is a form of hair loss that occurs when body’s immune system starts attacking healthy hair follicles. Hair loss occurs in well-rounded patches and may affect other body parts as well, including eyebrows and eyelashes.

Alopecia areata may be caused by genetic or environmental factors or conditions such as celiac disease, vitiligo, atopy, and thyroid disorders. It affects both men and women, though is more commonly seen in males.

Telogen effluvium is a rapid, sudden, diffuse hair loss that may be triggered by a disease, stressful situation, drugs, delivery, iron deficiency, weight loss, or fever. Hair loss may be severe with 100 to 200 hairs being shed daily. It is usually seen in women.
Chronic telogen effluvium, seen in middle-aged women, is hair loss for more than 6 months accompanied with scalp pain.

Traumatic alopecia is hair loss due to pulling or use of chemicals or heat (e.g., hair straightening).
Trichotillomania is a form of hair loss that occurs due to repeated pulling and plucking of hair by the person itself. Patchy or irregular hair loss may occur without total baldness as small strands of hair remain on the scalp. It is a compulsive disorder and may require psychiatric help. It is more common in children.
Other reasons that may trigger hair loss include:
1. Poor nutrition
2. Low protein diet
3. Certain medicines
4. Family history of hair loss
5. Infections
6. Chemotherapy for cancer (anagen effluvium)
7. Autoimmune conditions such as allergic disorders, vitiligo, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis
Signs and Symptoms of Hair Loss
Abnormal hair loss occurs that may be mild (less than 100 hairs a day) or severe (100 to 200 hairs a day or more).
A detailed clinical examination along with family and medical history is required to determine the cause of hair loss. Physical exam to check pattern and extent of hair loss, inflammation or other skin issues, hirsutism or excess hair (in women) will be done.
Pull test: The patient will be asked not to wash hair for 24 hours. About 60 hairs will be pulled gently. Out of them, six or more hair must get removed to suspect for excessive hair loss.
1. Blood tests
a) Complete blood count (CBC) to check for iron deficiency
b) Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) for thyroid disorders
c) ANA (antinuclear antibody) test
d) RPR (rapid plasma regain) for syphilis
2. Trichogram -- hair are visualized under light microscopy
3. Scalp biopsy
Treatment of Hair Loss
The treatment will depend on the extent of hair loss, the age of the patient, and the cause of hair loss. Treatment is more effective in mild cases of hair loss, though it may take months or years. Treatment may include one or more of the following:
1. Finasteride and/or topical minoxidil for pattern alopecia in men
2. Antiandrogens such as spironolactone or topical minoxidil for pattern alopecia (androgenic alopecia) in women
3. Corticosteroid injections such as triamcinolone hexacetonide given once per month for alopecia areata
4. Medicines such as methotrexate
5. Topical immunotherapy
If treatment does not work, hair transplantation may be considered. A hair weave (synthetic hair is sewn into existing hair) or a hair piece may help.
Complications and When Should You See a Doctor
See a doctor if you have an abnormal rate of hair loss. Untreated hair loss may cause baldness.
Prognosis and Prevention
If hair loss is caused due to a stress factor (traumatic alopecia, telogen effluvium), full regrowth of hair may occur once the stress factor is removed. Hair loss usually requires continuous medication and may relapse once the medicine is discontinued.
Skalecki J. Alopecia. In: Ferri FF ed. Ferri’s Clinical Advisor 2017. Elsevier.
Bope ET, Kellerman RD. Diseases of the skin. In: Bope ET, Kellerman RD eds. Conn’s current therapy 2017. Philadelphia (PA) Elsevier Saunders Chap 14.
Diseases of Hairs And Nails. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. chap 442.
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Last updated on:
05 Feb 2018 | 03:11 PM (IST)
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Frequently Asked Questions about Hair loss

Hair loss is a common problem faced every day by everyone. However, losing 50 to 100 strands in a day is considered to be normal. You need to consult your doctor if you tend to lose too much hair rapidly.
Loss of hair leads to emotional disturbances, thereby affecting the quality of life. Hair loss also affects the look of the person, reducing his confidence and self-esteem. This further impacts his social circle in a negative way.
There are a variety of reasons which may lead to loss of hair. A few important of them are: 1. Genetic 2. Use of various hair styling equipment or chemicals 3. During pregnancy 4. Certain medicines, such as oral contraceptives 5. Chemotherapy/ radiation therapy for managing cancer 6. Old age
Androgenetic alopecia, a common type of hair loss, is genetic in nature. It is common in both men and women. The exact cause of this genetic hair loss is not known.
Pregnancy is considered to be a common cause of hair loss. During pregnancy, most of the women undergo "Telogen effluvium", which is a temporary phase. Most of the hair loss occurs after delivery. This hair loss lasts for about 4 months after pregnancy.
Common preventive measures may include: 1. Taking proper care of hair 2. Eating healthy, well-balanced diet and intake of nutrients. 3. Take regular medicines prescribed for a disease or condition associated with hair loss 4. Fix regular appointments with your doctor especially in case if your hair loss does not stop
Lemon is a popular hair-care item. Add the juice of half lemon to coconut/olive oil and apply it on your scalp. Rinse-off with a mild shampoo for shining and bouncy hair. The antioxidants in lemon like vitamin B complex, vitamin C, and folic acid promotes hair growth.
An egg-mask is a very popular hair-care treatment. These work in a similar fashion to fenugreek owing to its high protein content that helps the keratin build-up. Mix the yolk in two tablespoonful of olive oil and apply it on the scalp. Wash off with shampoo after 30 minutes.
Castor oil is blessed with vitamin E and strong antimicrobial properties that fosters hair growth and significantly reduces hair fall. It is a medicinal oil that has been found to be beneficial for hair fall. A mixture of castor oil with olive and almond oil can be massaged on the scalp and washed off after a couple of hours.
Rosemary oil is one of the leading hair care oils when it comes to promoting hair growth. Rosemary oil massage stimulate hair follicles by improving blood circulation in your scalp thereby reducing premature hair fall. Oil your hair for 2 to 3 hours with rosemary oil and then wash it off with an herbal shampoo and conditioner.
Hard water contains various chemicals that may reduce the strength and elasticity of hair, thereby causing loss of hair. If only hard water is used to wash hair then it may lead to permanent damage to hair and hair loss.
Grated onion or onion juice can be very beneficial for rejuvenating hair growth in mortals. Just ensure that you wash it off well after 1 hour of application as the smell is pretty strong. The sulfur content of onion improves blood circulation in the scalp and vitalizes the hair-follicles.
Hibiscus is an ancient source of wellness for hair, a couple of hibiscus flowers need to be grated and soaked in coconut/olive oil overnight. Apply it on your scalp in the morning and wash off after 1 hour. This will not only stimulate hair growth, but will leave hair bouncy and nourished.
Ashwagandha is an amazing and commonly used herb to prevent hair loss. It is a great remedy for dandruff and stimulates the production of melanin which is important for giving hair its color and sheen. Mix ashwagandha powder with brahmi and amla powder. Add this mixture to warm water. Leave this hair mask on your hair and scalp for 30 minutes and wash it off with lukewarm water.
Foods that not only help prevent hair fall, but also improve the quality of your hair are: 1) Carrots 2) Oatmeal 3) Egg 4) Seeds 5) Amla 6) Lean protein 7) Nuts 8) Green tea 9) Bright colored fruits like mango, strawberries, kiwi, pineapple, and peaches
Seeds like flax, pumpkin, chia, sesame, and sunflower contain L-Lysine which is an amino acid that promotes hair growth. Since, these seeds contain high amount of calories, make sure you do not eat large portions.
Diabetes occurs when there is the lack of insulin in the body. Hair loss is seen to occur frequently with autoimmune disorders, such as diabetes. In diabetes, the immune system attacks the hair follicles resulting in thinning and loss of hair. This further leads to the formation of patches in the scalp or any other body parts.
Home remedies for hair fall that are quick and address the problem effectively are: 1) Henna 2) Egg 3) Methi 4) Onion 5) Amla 6) Garlic
The effective hair care tips that will help you fight hair fall and keep your hair lustrous and strong: 1) Choose hair care products wisely 2) Eat right 3) Stay hydrated 4) Add a handful of nuts to your diet 5) Handle your hair with care 6) Stay ctive 7) Manage your stress better 8) Avoid shampoos with a high concentration of sulfates, alcohol, and perfume. 9) Massaging your scalp can work wonders as it increases the blood flow to the scalp. 10) Use coconut or almond oil while massaging the scalp.
Your shampoo for winters should contain essential fatty acids and humectants, to help attract and hold moisture in your hair. Look for shampoos with shea butter, ginger milk, soy protein, and panthenol as well as essential oils. These ingredients help open the hair cuticle so the moisture can be absorbed. Always use sulfate free shampoos to keep your hair hydrated. Use a good conditioner to nourish the hair deeply. Conditioners with glycerin, vegetable oils, and dimethicone copolyol provide moisture and smoothness without weighing down hair.
Almond oil is a rich source of nutrients such as vitamin D and E and minerals like magnesium and calcium. A massage with a teaspoonful of almond oil supplies your scalp with these essential nutrients and minerals that help to prevent dryness, split-ends, and hair fall. The extended use of almond oil can promote hair growth, as well.
Herbs that can help you fight hair fall are: 1) Bringaraj 2) Amla 3) Neem 4) Ashwagandha
Tips that help in boosting hair growth: 1) Massage your scalp regularly 2) Opt for a protein rich diet 3) Exercise regularly 4) Try home remedies, a) Egg and curd b) Onion and garlic c) Fenugreek (methi) 5) Make lifestyle changes
In addition to being good for your eyes, carrot is very beneficial for the scalp too. Carrots improve blood circulation to the head thereby prevent damage and hair fall and increases the growth rate of the hair. You can have it as salad along with your meal, munch on it as a snack, or drink a glass of carrot juice.
The body replaces normal hair loss with growth of new hair. Protein is the building block for growth and chicken is a rich source of protein. Eating 100 grams of chicken a day is recommended. Vegetarians can substitute chicken with chickpea, quinoa, or lentils.
Heena is a well-known hair care product. Boil a handful of henna leaves in half a cup of mustard oil till the leaves turn black. Let it cool and strain the oil. Mix it with equal quantity of coconut oil and massage from scalp to tip. Leave it for an hour and wash off with a herbal shampoo to reduce hair fall and to nourish the hair. Try this natural remedy once in a week.
Among all symptoms, hair loss is one of the commonest symptoms that is associated with cancer treatment.
Washing your hair daily will dry out your hair in winter, instead, wash it 2 to 3 times a week to help replenish the natural hair oils. Also, do not use very hot water as it makes the hair dry, frizzy, and prone to damage. Instead of hot water, use lukewarm water while rinsing your hair.
Make a thick paste of kalonji oil, olive oil, and henna. Apply it on your scalp every week and the new hair growth will start within a month.
Hair loss more than 100 strands every day along with patches in the hair is considered to be abnormal. Also, the hair gets thin and breaks off easily.
Diet tips to prevent hair loss: 1) Feed your scalp with nourishing foods. 2) A balanced diet is a must and should be rich in protein, iron, vitamins C, E, and zinc. 3) Have lots of green leafy vegetables which are loaded with iron. 4) Add dairy products, like milk, curd, cheese, and soy to get proteins essential for hair health. 5) Opt for foods packed with vitamin E, like almonds, walnuts, and raspberries or strawberries which promote scalp circulation, as well as vitamin C rich foods like broccoli, tomatoes, and other citrus fruits.
Coconut milk besides boosting hair growth, greatly nourishes the hair, adds body, and prevents breakage. Apply freshly prepared coconut milk to the scalp for a couple of hours and rinse off. Minerals like phosphorous, selenium, potassium, and vitamins B, C and E provide all the nourishment, your hair needs.
Few essential oils that you can bring in your daily use and combat the grim situation of hair fall are: 1) Coconut oil 2) Castor oil 3) Almond oil 4) Lavender oil 5) Grape seed oil 6) Rosemary oil
The lavender oil is blessed with antibacterial and antifungal properties, that are vital in negating infections of the scalp that cause hair fall. A massage with lavender oil can help to fight stress and anxiety which can further deepen the crisis of hair fall.
Bhringaraj stops hair fall and promotes hair growth. It is available in powdered form and as oil. It has a calming effect when applied on the scalp and promotes better sleep. Make a paste of bhringaraj leaves and apply it on the scalp before washing it off. Take a pack of dried bhringaraj, steep 5 to 6 tablespoons in warm water and apply the paste for 20 minutes on the scalp before washing it off. The process should be done on a regular basis to stop hair fall. Bhringaraj oil can also be applied onto the scalp and left overnight and wash it off in the morning with lukewarm water.
Comb your hair regularly (thrice a day). It has been found to be effective in regulating blood flow to the scalp and therefore promoting hair growth. Trimming of hair helps you get rid of the damaged hair and therefore gives your hair a healthier look. Avoid washing your hair with very hot water. Instead use lukewarm or cold water for a hair rinse. Normal water helps in maintaining the moisture of the hair.
Oats contain a multitude of essential vitamins and minerals that are required by the body in general and hair in particular. Eating oats for breakfast is a great way to ensure a healthy breakfast and food for your hair. Oats along with honey can also be used as a conditioner for hair.
Walnuts are great for the hair which contains vitamin B, iron, protein, zinc, and lots of omega 3 fatty acid. Apart from walnuts, almonds and cashews also prevent hair fall and promote hair growth. Eating a handful of nuts daily should be enough.
Yes, garlic can help fight hair loss. Add 7 to 8 crushed garlic cloves into 4 to 5 tablespoons of hot olive oil. Fry the garlic for 2 to 3 minutes and strain the oil. Massage your scalp with this mixture and leave it in for 1 hour before washing off with a mild shampoo. Selenium, vitamin E, and a compound allicin present in garlic boosts circulation and improves hair growth.
The Indian gooseberry is well endowed with antioxidants like vitamin C and has proven antimicrobial properties as well. These help prevent hair loss and stimulates healthy hair growth while protecting hair against damage. Heat a few dried pieces of amla in coconut oil and let it sit for 30 min. Massage your scalp with this concoction and wash off with a mild shampoo, twice every week.
The aromatic methi or fenugreek is a potent hair-growth stimulant. It has a high protein and lecithin content which contribute towards building keratin, the chief constituent of our hair. Make a paste of soaked fenugreek seeds and apply it on your scalp. Wash-off after an hour.
The most popular hair oil in India, coconut oil has the unique ability of penetrating deep inside the scalp thus reaching the hair follicles with ease. It nourishes and deeply moisturizes the hair, prevents dryness, and premature fall. A massage with warm coconut oil twice a week ought to do the trick.
Packed with antioxidants that are easily assimilated by our skin, regular scalp massages with grape seed oil can reduce the production of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which is the main culprit for balding in men. The oil nourishes your hair and helps to maintain the healthy luster and look.
Regular use of neem on the scalp improves blood circulation and strengthens hair roots which prevents hair loss. Neem is also used to reduce dandruff and scalp itchiness. Boil neem leaves in water and prepare a hair rinse. Strain it and use it after shampooing. Make a paste of neem powder and warm water. Apply on the scalp and leave it for 30 minutes before shampooing. Mix neem oil with coconut or olive oil and apply on the scalp for around an hour. Wash it off with a mild shampoo.
Common causes of hair fall are stress, environment change, excessive styling, hormonal changes, medications, scalp infections, hereditary conditions, and medical conditions such as anemia, autoimmune diseases, and thyroid disorders. Hair fall in some cases is also temporary and situational such as during pregnancy, menopause, and during climate change.
Eggs contain a host of essential nutrients like vitamin B complex, zinc, omega 3 fatty acids, and iron. They provide strength to the hair and hair do not break easily. Eggs also contain biotin which is another important nutrient required for hair growth. Applying egg along with curd on the hair is a wonderful protein pack for the hair.
Things to look for when choosing a shampoo: 1) Watch out for harmful chemicals 2) It is better to avoid volumizing shampoos as they can eventually speed up hair loss. 3) Herbal shampoos which contain vitamins to form a natural DHT blocker can help to reduce short pattern baldness and improve hair growth. 4) Cayenne is a powerful hair loss fighting ingredient. Look for this ingredient when choosing a shampoo. 5) If your hair cleaning product contains argan oil, you have already made a good choice. 6) The best way is to switch to the natural method of hair care. Organic shampoos will clean your hair naturally without any permanent damage to your hair.
Tips to keep hair healthy in winters: 1) Choose hair products wisely 2) Oil your hair regularly 3) Avoid washing your hair everyday 4) Use styling tools with caution 5) Include hair healthy foods in your diet 6) Stay hydrated
Yes, try to use blow dryers and flat irons less frequently. They suck the moisture out of the hair and the heat damages the hair cuticle. You should limit their use to once a week and invest in a good quality styling product.
Yes, carrot is a rich source of vitamin A, which helps in hair growth and scalp health. Vitamin A helps in sebum production which plays an important role in hair growth, so whenever you feel like munching a snack-grab a carrot.
Hair loss occurs due to many reasons. Some of these may be preventable while some may be not. Hair loss that occurs due to use of drugs, iron deficiency, poor nutrition, low protein diet, or use of heat or chemicals on hair can be prevented, if these factors are taken care of. Removing the stress factor usually takes care of the hair loss. For other causes, hair loss usually requires continuous medication and may relapse once the medicine is discontinued.
Yes, menopause causes hormonal changes and may cause androgenic alopecia or patterned hair loss in women. It causes a general thinning of hair all over the scalp.
Radiation therapy can cause hair loss to the treated body part. The degree of hair loss will depend on several factors, including the dose of radiation and the size of the treated area. Regrowth of hair occurs once the treatment ends.
Yes, rapid weight loss may act as a stressful situation triggering a large number of hair follicles to move to the resting phase (telogen phase). This causes hair loss (telogen effluvium). Weight loss may also cause hair loss due to nutritional deficiencies.
Both acne and hair loss may be caused by hormonal disturbances in the body. Excess androgens cause hair loss (androgenic alopecia) as well as acne.
Peanuts contain biotin (vitamin B7) that is essential for healthy hair, skin, and nails. It also promotes hair growth. Hence, consumption of peanuts may be helpful in hair loss.
Amino acids necessary to produce keratin are cysteine, lysine, arginine, and methionine. Of these amino acids, methionine, and lysine are classed as essential, meaning that they must be sourced from our diet. Poor nutrition causes hair loss and a balanced diet is essential for maintaining good hair. Studies have tried to investigate the effect of supplementation of certain amino acids and proteins on hair loss. However, there is no clear conclusion to support it.
Yes, birth control pills may cause hair loss. This is due to hormonal changes in the body that occurs due to the pills. Birth control pills with low androgen content may be preferred to reduce hair loss. Hair loss caused by birth control pills is usually temporary. It should stop within a few months after your body gets used to the pill or after you have been off of it for a while.
Yes, iron deficiency can lead to hair loss. Iron deficiency causes anemia and as a result less oxygen reaches hair follicles. It also promotes the entry of hair follicles to move into the resting phase (telogen) causing loss of hair due to telogen effluvium.
Hair loss occurs due to many reasons. Some of these may be preventable while some may be not. Hair loss that occurs due to use of drugs, iron deficiency, poor nutrition, low protein diet or use of heat, or chemicals on hair can be prevented if these factors are taken care of.
The primary baldness gene is on the X chromosome, which is inherited in both men and women. However, baldness is expressed most commonly in men and they get X chromosome from their mothers. Other potential contributors to hair loss are chronic illness, age, and even primping habits.
Changes in diet and medications are frequently responsible for changes in hair patterns. Hair loss on the legs can also occur in vascular disease of legs due to less blood supply and decreased hair production.
Environmental factors play a big role in hair growth cycle. Key environmental factors that should be taken into account are temperature, humidity, salinity of water, air-conditioning, use of hair products, diet, and medications. Imbalance of these factors can lead to hair thinning, change in texture, and hair fall.
Permanent hair loss is usually associated with scars. However, temporary hair loss does not leave any scar marks and is associated with preventable causes, e.g., stress, hair products, pregnancy, depression, etc. Overall, it is a normal process of growing and shedding which follows the natural cycle of the hair growth.
Dandruff usually comes before or with hair loss caused by telogen effluvium. Dandruff is also associated with inflammation of the scalp. This may cause pruritus (itching) and changes in the hair cycle leading to hair loss. If you have dandruff, washing your hair everyday or at least once in 2 days is advised for scalp health. If scalp is healthy, hair loss will be minimal.
Yes, if untreated, hepatitis may lead to liver failure and hair loss. Use of certain drugs (ribavirin and interferon) in treatment of hepatitis may also cause hair loss as a side effect.
Lupus is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation, skin rashes, fatigue, fever, and joint pain. Hair loss usually occurs in lupus due to lesions that develop on the scalp. These lesions damage the hair follicles causing rapid hair loss. Lupus may also be associated with weight loss which can also cause hair fall. Lupus treatment may also cause hair loss as a side-effect of the drugs used. A steroid (prednisone) used for lupus treatment causes hair loss. Immunosuppressants used during lupus treatment may also cause hair loss.
Masturbation or frequent ejaculation have not been proved to be linked to hair loss. Some studies; however, suggest that ejaculation can have an impact on the hair in men who have a genetically inherited sensitivity to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in their scalps. After sex or masturbation, testosterone levels increase which is converted into DHT. This increased DHT could lead to hair loss in genetically predisposed population.
A shift in the hormonal balance causes hair loss after delivery. Estrogen levels drop down after delivery causing a large number of hair follicles to move to the resting phase. This leads to hair loss (telogen effluvium) usually about 3 months after delivery (resting phase of hair follicles lasts about 3 months). The hair usually grow back within a year.
Yes, the different ingredients in expired shampoo affect differently on scalp and hair. The expiry dates of products are mentioned by manufacturers to help people stay away from detrimental effects of these products. Hence, it is safe to check labels and not to use shampoo beyond their expiry dates.
Yes, hormonal imbalance is one of the major reasons for hair loss. There is a delicate balance between various hormones in the body, especially androgens or male sex hormones (testosterone) and female sex hormones (estrogen). Testosterone gets converted to its derivative called dihydrotestosterone (DHT) which causes shrinking of hair follicles in the scalp causing hair to fall out. Hence, when the balance between hormones gets disturbed due to a rise in androgens or a drop in female sex hormones [such as in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) or menopause], hair loss called androgenic alopecia occurs. Hair loss may also occur due to an imbalance in thyroid hormones or insulin.
Yes, banana is the natural hair conditioner, it helps in strengthening and providing shine to the hair. Banana also acts as a scalp moisturizer preventing itchy scalp. Take the ripe banana and mix with coconut milk/sunflower oil/lime juice/curd in the bowl. Mix the ingredients and apply to the hair and wash it after 10 minutes.
Walnuts are good for treating hair loss, dandruff, and promoting hair growth. It contains omega-6 fatty acid and biotin along with essential vitamins to promote hair growth and keep it healthy and thick.
Yes, stress can cause rapid and sudden onset of hair loss in large amounts (telogen effluvium). Stress causes a large number of hair follicles to move to the resting phase (telogen) and eventually loss of hair.
Chemotherapy employs powerful drugs to kill cancer cells. These drugs may also damage hair follicles causing hair loss not only from the scalp but from other body parts as well. The hair may start falling within 2 weeks of chemotherapy, causing rapid thinning or complete baldness for a period of time. Regrowth of hair usually occurs once the treatment is over.
Yes, hair growth depends on good blood supply to scalp. Smoking causes damage to dermal hair papilla and disrupts associated DNA and hormones. This results in decreased blood supply leading to hair production and premature hair loss, especially in men.
Yes, over exposure to heat or excess heat can cause severe damage to your hair. Humidity leads to excess sweating making your scalp greasy and dirty. This dirt accumulated increases the chances of fungal infection, causing damage to hair roots. This enhances the chances of hair loss during summers. On the other hand, sun exposure makes the hair and scalp dry and brittle. This is another important cause for summer hair loss.
Autoimmune diseases are associated with hair loss and can lead to what is called as alopecia areata. The most frequent diseases associated with hair loss are vitiligo, type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes, lupus erythematosus, thyroiditis, myasthenia gravis, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, etc.
Certain inflammatory and autoimmune diseases including atopic eczema are associated with hair loss. It is usually associated with redness and scar formation which interrupt with the hair growth.
Vitamin D deficiencies can cause health problems, but overdose of vitamin D can lead to adverse effects like hair loss This is especially true for those who continue to take higher than recommended doses over a prolonged period of time. Individuals at risk are those with hyperparathyroidism, kidney disease, sarcoidosis, tuberculosis, and histoplasmosis.
Yes, though low estrogen levels in women after menopause is seen as a common cause for hair loss, there are some common factors, e.g., stress, medications, decreased peripheral blood circulation, and depression which lead to hair loss due to aging in both men and women.
Obesity leads to increase in androgen hormones due to altered cortisol levels. These hormones disturb the hair growth cycle and lead to thinning of hair and associated hair loss. Some studies have also shown association of long-term stress in obese people as a cause of hair loss.
Eyebrows frame our face and play an important role in the facial appearance and expressions. Hair loss in eyebrows can be prevented by eating balanced diet especially rich in meat, legumes, iron, and biotin. It is also important to drink plenty of water and avoid stress. Consider consulting a physician and taking vitamin and mineral supplements in case there is more hair loss.
Hair loss can be caused by factors ranging from illness, medication, poor diet, hormones, and over-styling. Any one of these causes can interfere with the hair growth cycle, and can prevent hair follicles from growing new hair. Vitamin supplements rich in vitamin C, biotin, niacin, iron, and zinc are known to be very helpful to prevent hair loss.
No, the use of hair gels does not cause hair loss, provided you wash your hair and scalp well every day and avoid going to sleep with gel in your hair. It may although contribute to dry hair or thinning of hair over long-term use.
Loss of hair is a common symptom of thyroid disorder that can affect both men and women. Hair loss can occur in both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. The body is unable to metabolize food into energy effectively in thyroid disorders which either cease the normal functioning of hair follicles or slow down the growth of new hair.
One of the reasons for hair loss is hormonal imbalances in the body. Pregnancy causes a surge in hormone estrogen which helps retain hair. If miscarriage occurs, the hormone estrogen suddenly drops down to normal levels pushing a large number of hair follicles to its resting phase. This causes hair fall called telogen effluvium. You may not have hair loss immediately after having a miscarriage. This may take a few months as telogen phase lasts for about 1 to 3 months.
Vitamin B in dates is beneficial for your hair, deficiency of this vitamin can lead to weak and brittle hair. Anemia is a major cause for hair loss among women. Dates are rich source of iron, which can effectively and naturally treat anemia and increase blood flow preventing hair loss.
Hair loss in women can be due to certain reasons pertaining to the body. Seasonal hair loss is one of the common reason, it may be be due to weather changes but mostly is attributed to rise in temperature.
Not necessary. A simple headache especially due to fatigue is usually a self-limiting disorder with no accompanied hair loss. However, chronic headache due to tension or stress are often associated with substantial hair loss. We call hair loss from stress as telogen effluvium.This type of hair loss is a temporary condition and may be cured by variety of treatments, e.g., aromatherapy, massage on head, relaxation techniques, and yoga.
A diet rich in proteins, vitamins (A, B, E, D), and micronutrients such as zinc and selenium is necessary for hair well-being. Spinach, Greek yogurt, salmon, cinnamon, oatmeal, guava, eggs, and lentils are some eatables which you can try to prevent hair loss. Crash dieting for weight loss hampers the quality of your hair and lead to hair loss.
Yes, genetics play an important role in alopecia or hair loss. Androgenic alopecia (patterned hair loss) can be inherited from both the parents. Alopecia areata is also linked to family history.
Yes, blueberries are packed with antioxidants and vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E, all of which are required for hair health. Vitamin B complex is particularly good for growing your curls. Blueberries help in hair growth by improving oxygenation and circulation of blood in the body, mainly in the scalp. It also prevents dementia and graying of hair.
Yes, over-supplementation of vitamin E may cause hypervitaminosis E leading to hair loss. Excess vitamin E may cause bleeding and reduces production of thyroid hormones.
Hair loss following bariatric surgery is known as telogen effluvium. Rapid weight loss after surgery causes a large number of hair follicles to be pushed to the resting phase (telogen). Bariatric surgery may also be accompanied with zinc, iron, and other micronutrient deficiencies along with low protein intake. All the factors together cause hair loss.
Nutritional deficiency may impact both hair structure and hair growth. Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency and is a well-known cause of hair loss. Deficiency of other vitamins and minerals such as zinc, selenium, niacin, vitamin A, folic acid, biotin, and vitamin D also contribute to hair loss.
Cholinergic urticaria is a form of urticaria characterized by small and pinpoint rash surrounded by redness. This is precipitated by sweating, fever, intake of hot and spicy foods, and mental stress. No studies have shown any association between cholinergic urticaria and dandruff or hair fall.
Yes, hair loss may be associated with soreness in scalp which in turn is painful. There are many causes of painful scalp, e.g., infections, stress, depression, and anxiety. However, these are rare conditions and hair loss is generally pain less.
There is no proven link between hard water and hair loss. However, some studies have shown that hard water may be related to weakening of hair. This can make the hair appear thin and dull.
Several following natural methods can help in hair loss: 1) Include food rich in iron (red meat, legumes, whole grains, nuts, and dark green leafy vegetables) and biotin (eggs, nuts, and whole grains) in your diet will help prevent hair loss and promote hair growth. 2) Apply rosemary oil. 3) Aloe vera gel, with its antioxidant and vitamin E content, can nourish the scalp and keep it hydrated. 4) Studies have shown that anti-inflammatory properties of red ginseng promote hair growth. 5) You can also massage with warm coconut oil or apply a paste of gooseberry (amla) powder with lemon juice, egg with a teaspoon of olive oil, or hibiscus flower with sesame oil.
Hair loss may occur due to traction, that is when hair are pulled repeatedly or tied too tightly. However, hats do not provide enough traction to cause hair loss.
Yes, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) causes an increase in androgen levels in the blood and leads to hair loss on the scalp. At the same time, it may lead to excess hair on other body parts (hirsutism).
Figs are popular products used in shampoos and certain hair products. Whilst they may not be entirely beneficial, studies prove that they are good in helping follicle recovery. They also help in keeping the hair healthy and shiny.
Losing hair during pregnancy may be related to nutritional deficiencies. More iron and calcium is required during pregnancy along with other vital nutrients. There is an increase in the hormone estrogen during pregnancy which helps to keep the hair intact and prevent hair loss. The estrogen levels drop down immediately after delivery causing the hair follicles to move to resting phase. This usually causes hair fall (telogen effluvium) for 3 months after delivery.
Yes, hair transplantation could bring a natural and permanent solution to the hair loss patients. In this procedure, grafts containing permanent hair follicles are transplanted to bald scalp. For better results, it should be done by an experienced and qualified surgeon.
Yes, alcohol causes hair loss. Alcohol affects the level of hormones and vitamins in the body. Alcohol consumption increases estrogen and decreases blood zinc levels leading to hair loss. It also lowers vitamin B, C, and folic acid levels which are vital for maintaining healthy hair.
Many drugs may cause hair loss as a side-effect of the treatment. These include some angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, antithyroid drugs, antiepileptics, antipsychotics, beta-blockers, tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline and desipramine), contraceptives, retinoids (isotretinoin) serotonin reuptake inhibitors (fluoxetine, sertraline), and many others.
Any shampoo containing herbal ingredients such as ginseng, heena or amla, eucalyptus oil, peppermint, and tea tree Leaves, which stimulate the scalp can be used. Many such formulations are available in market, you should choose your shampoo wisely.
It is normal to lose some hair in the shower. Losing about 20 to 100 hair in a day is considered normal. The number can increase when you rough it up with shampoo, have longer hair, or wear it up in elastic bands frequently.
E-cigarettes are a nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) tool, and work by having users inhale a solution which usually contains nicotine. There is no sufficient evidence to link e-cigarettes with hair loss. However, smoking is related to hair loss, premature graying of hair, and baldness.
Yes, use of anabolic steroids, prednisone, and other steroids may cause hair loss by altering the hormonal levels in the body.
Yes, diabetes may cause hair loss. In diabetes, excess sugar builds up in the blood damaging the blood vessels which consequently are not able to carry enough oxygen. This in turn causes hair follicle damage and loss of hair. Diabetes also causes hair loss called alopecia areata which occurs when body's own immune system starts attacking the healthy hair follicles. Hair loss may occur in patches and may affect hair in other body parts as well, such as eyebrows and eyelashes. Stress during diabetes may also act as a factor in hair loss.
There are many home treatments available for hair fall.The best remedy is to massage coconut milk onto scalp daily. It nourishes the hair and promotes new hair growth. Another good method is to grind seeds of lime and pepper, apply the paste onto scalp regularly for promotion of hair growth.
When applied on scalp, minoxidil fastens hair growth cycle. This causes premature entry of resting hair follicles into growth phase resulting in increased hair growth. Also, it increases blood supply in scalp which leads to good hair growth. It has been approved as a 2% solution for women and a 5% solution or foam for men.
Yes, bacterial, viral, or fungal infections can cause hair loss accompanied by itching or soreness of scalp. It is often temporary, but more severe cases can be difficult to treat and can cause damage to hair and scalp that leave bald patches.
Itchy scalp is a common and distressing symptom. Studies have shown association of itchy scalp with scar formation and destruction of hair follicles in most of the cases.This leads to hair loss on an itchy scalp. So, an early intervention is advised in cases of itchy scalp.
Rigorous caloric restriction with subsequent inadequate energy supply of the hair matrix is a physiological stress on the body and is known to be the cause of altered hair growth cycle. The loss begins around two to four months after diet restriction. This is also known as telogen effluvium, and is temporary and can be rectified through balanced diet.
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection has been associated with dermatological conditions, such as hair loss. H. pylori affects hair growth in various ways. The most common mechanism is because of formation of antibodies against H. pylori which cross-react with hair follicles leading to hair loss.
In both sexes, hair loss is known to be mediated by the conversion of circulating androgens into dihydrotestosterone within the hair follicle. However, there are a number of differences between male and female pattern baldness with estrogen known to be protective against hair loss in women. When estrogen levels fall in women, these androgen hormones weaken hair follicles and this leads to hair loss.
Studies have shown that l-carnitine stimulates hair growth by increasing energy supply to growing hair follicles. It also prevents shedding of old hair follicles. This results in an overall hair growth.
Facial hair loss is unexpected, unwanted, or uncontrolled disappearance of facial hair. In men, this form of hair loss commonly occurs as symptom of an autoimmune condition called alopecia barbae which involves inflammation of the roots of hair follicle.