Forstavir EM Tablet

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iconPrescription Required

Primarily used for

Potentiallyunsafewith
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Alcohol
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Pregnancy
1272.9
₹42.43/Tablet
30 tablets in 1 strip
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Medicine Overview of Forstavir EM Tablet

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Uses of Emtricitabine

Emtricitabine is used in the treatment of HIV infection.
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Side effects of Emtricitabine

Common

Fatigue, Headache, Nausea, Diarrhoea, Dizziness, Insomnia (difficulty in sleeping), Depression, Abnormal dreams, Rash.

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How to use Emtricitabine

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it.

How Forstavir EM Tablet works

Emtricitabine prevents the multiplication of HIV virus in human cells. Thus stops the HIV virus from producing new viruses.
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Uses of Tenofovir

Tenofovir is used in the treatment of HIV infection and chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.
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Side effects of Tenofovir

Common

Fatigue, Weakness, Headache, Nausea, Diarrhoea, Muscle pain, Pain, Dizziness, Depression.

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How to use Tenofovir

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it.

How Forstavir EM Tablet works

Tenofovir prevents the multiplication of HIV virus in human cells. Thus stops the HIV virus from producing new viruses.
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Uses of Efavirenz

Efavirenz is used in the treatment of HIV infection.
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Side effects of Efavirenz

Common

Rash, Headache, Dizziness, Decrease in granulocyte count, Insomnia (difficulty in sleeping), Sleepiness, Vomiting, Allergic reaction, Nausea, Abnormal dreams, Fatigue, Increased liver enzymes, Anxiety, Fever, Itching, Difficulty in paying attention, Increased triglyceride level in blood.

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How to use Efavirenz

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Swallow it as a whole. Do not chew, crush or break it.

How Forstavir EM Tablet works

Efavirenz prevents the multiplication of HIV virus in human cells. Thus stops the HIV virus from producing new viruses.

In Depth Information on Forstavir EM Tablet

Expert advice for Emtricitabine

  • Do not take emtricitabine capsule/oral solution, if you are allergic to emtricitabine or any other ingredient of capsule/oral solution.
  • Stop taking emtricitabine, if you suffer from deep or rapid breathing, drowsiness, nausea (urge to vomit), vomiting and stomach pain.
  • Do not take emtricitabine, if you have kidney or liver problems; if you are overweight or have diabetes, high cholesterol.

Expert advice for Tenofovir

  • Do not take tenofovir if you are already taking medicines that contain tenofovir in combination with other drugs.
  • Do not take tenofovir with other drugs that can potentially damage your kidneys; especially adefovir (used in treatment of hepatitis B).
  • Contact your doctor immediately if you notice symptoms: deep and rapid breathing, drowsiness, urge to vomit (nausea), vomiting, muscle pain or weakness, numb or cold feeling in your arms and legs, stomach pain, fast or uneven heart rate, or feeling very weak or tired. These might indicate development of a life-threatening side effect of tenofovir called lactic acidosis (excess lactic acid in blood). Lactic acidosis occurs more often in women, particularly if they are very overweight or are taking nucleoside antivirals for a long time.
  • Tenofovir may damage your kidneys (nephrotoxicity). Constant monitoring of kidney function (blood tests to assess the health of kidneys) is advised while on treatment with tenofovir.
  • Contact your doctor immediately if you have symptoms: persistent urge of vomit (nausea), upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (abnormal liver function causing yellowing of the skin or eyes). These might indicate development of severe liver damage.
  • Decreases in bone mineral density can happen while taking tenofovir.
  • Do consult your doctor before taking tenofovir if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
  • Do not use tenofovir if you are breast-feeding.
  • Tenofovir may cause lipodystrophy (changes in body fat - build up or loss of body fat) especially in elderly patients with HIV. Physical examination of fat redistribution and monitoring of blood levels of lipids and sugar may be advised in elderly.
  • Discuss with your doctor about necessary precautions (practicing safer sex and making other life-style changes) to be taken to avoid spreading of HIV virus to others.

Expert advice for Efavirenz

  • Inform your doctor if you have a history of mental illness or convulsions (fits or seizures).
  • Ensure that efavirenz is always taken in combination with other anti-HIV medicines and never alone.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if you develop signs of dizziness, difficulty sleeping, drowsiness, difficulty concentrating or abnormal dreaming or any signs of skin rash or inflammation or infection.
  • Take the required precautions to prevent transmission as efavirenz does not prevent the spread of HIV virus to others through blood or sexual contact.
  • Do not drive if you have taken efavirenz as it may cause dizziness.
  • Do take if  allergic to efavirenz or any of its ingredients.
  • Do not take if sufering  with severe liver disease.
  • Avoid if patient is Pregnant or breastfeeding women.
Warnings
Special precautions for Forstavir EM Tablet
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Alcohol
CAUTION
Taking Efavirenz with alcohol may cause liver problems.
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Pregnancy
WEIGH RISKS VS BENEFITS
Forstavir EM Tablet is unsafe to use during pregnancy.

There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk, for example in life-threatening situations. Please consult your doctor.
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Lactation
Forstavir EM Tablet is probably safe to use during lactation. Limited human data suggests that the drug does not represent a significant risk to the baby.

WHO guidelines recommends that all nursing mothers in developing countries should continue the treatment and exclusively breastfeed their infants for 6 months.
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Driving
Forstavir EM Tablet may make you feel dizzy, sleepy, tired, or decrease alertness. If this happens, do not drive.

Caution is advised when driving or operating machinery.
Dizziness has been reported in some of the patients.
Should avoid potentially hazardous tasks such as driving or operating machinery.
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Kidney
UNSAFE
Forstavir EM Tablet is probably unsafe to use in patients with kidney disease and should be avoided. Please consult your doctor.

Caution should be advised in patients with renal impairment.
Caution should be used in patients with impaired renal function.
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Liver
There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.

Patient Concerns

Frequently asked questions for Forstavir EM Tablet

Frequently asked questions for Emtricitabine

Q. What class is Emtricitabine?
Emtricitabine and tenofovir belongs to class of antiretroviral medicines
Q. What is emtricitabine and tenofovir?
Emtricitabine and tenofovir used for treatment of HIV infection
Q. What is Emtricitabine used for?
Emtricitabine is used in combination with other medicines to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
Q. How does Emtricitabine work?
Emtricitabine works by inhibiting the enzyme for DNA synthesis (nucleoside reverse transcriptase) thereby lowering the growth and decrease the amount of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in body
Q. Why Emtricitabine is called FTC?
FTC is the short form assigned to Emtricitabine for common referral term.
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Frequently asked questions for Tenofovir

Q. Is tenofovir a NRTI?
Yes. Tenofovir is an antiviral drug belonging to class nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)
Q. What is tenofovir/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate used for/ What does tenofovir treat?
Tenofovir is an antiviral drug used in combination with other drugs in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections. It may also be used in very limited cases of long-term infections of liver caused by hepatitis B virus
Q. Is Viraday safe/ effective?
Viraday is a trade name for fixed-dose combination of drugs efavirenz, emtricitabine, and tenofovir. It is safe and effective if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor
Q. Is viraday the same as atripla?
Yes. Viraday and atripla are trade names for fixed-dose combination of drugs efavirenz, emtricitabine, and tenofovir. They are used in the treatment of HIV
Q. How does tenofovir work?
Tenofovir is an antiviral drug belonging to class nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). By the virtue of its structure that closely resembles the natural structure of viral DNA, tenofovir incorporates itself into the viral DNA. By doing so, it blocks the activity of an important viral enzyme reverse transcriptase which is involved in the replication of viral DNA, a process essential for survival of the virus
Q. Does tenofovir cause hair loss?
Hair loss is not a known side effect of tenofovir
Q. Does tenofovir cause lipodystrophy?
Tenofovir may cause lipodystrophy (build up or loss of body fat) especially in elderly patients with HIV. Physical examination of fat redistribution and monitoring of blood levels of lipids and sugar may be advised in elderly
Q. How does tenofovir cause renal toxicity/renal failure?
Tenofovir is predominantly excreted by the kidneys. The part of kidneys involved in its excretion is called the proximal tubule. Studies indicate that tenofovir accumulation in the proximal tubule due to interaction with other drugs (eg. ritonavir) or prolonged use is responsible for kidney damage (renal toxicity). The kidney damage may then progress to kidney failure
Q. Does tenofovir cure hepatitis B/ Is viraday effective/does viraday work?
Yes. Viraday is effective against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and some cases of hepatitis B. It is safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.
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