Acne (pimples) is a very common skin problem that affects teenagers and young adults very often. A better understanding about this skin condition can help you deal with this skin problem better. Here is what you should know about acne:
1 . What Is Acne?
Acne also called pimples is a common skin disease that involves the oil galnds of the skin.The oil glands in your skin produce an oily substance known as sebum. The skin pores are connected to the oil glands by small tunnels called follicles. It is through these follicles that the sebum carries dead skin cells to the surface through skin pores. When the follicle of a skin gland clogs up, a pimple grows.
2 . What Are The Types Of Acne?
Acne can present in many forms. The most common ones include:
-Whiteheads. These are pimples that are formed under the surface of the skin.
-Blackheads. These are pimples that erupt on to the surface of skin and are black in color.
-Papules. These are small painful bump like eruptions on the skin.
-Pustules. These pimples have pus collected in them and are red in color.
-Nodules. These are large, painful, solid pimples that are deep in the skin.
-Cysts. These deep, painful, pus-filled pimples can cause scars.
3 . Who Is Prone To Get Acne?
Acne can affect people of all age groups but is most common in teenagers and young adults. Over 80% of people with acne are in the age group of 11-30 years. Some people in their forties and fifties still get acne.
Teenage acne can last for upto 10 years, generally resolving in early 20’s. Teenage acne occurs in both sexes but is generally more severe in teenage boys. Women are more likely than men to have mild to moderate forms into their 30’s and beyond.
4 . What Causes Acne?
The exact cause of acne is not known. Experts suggest that there maybe multiple factors that contribute to acne. Thes include
1 . Hormone Surge during teenage: During puberty, both boys and girls produce high levels of androgens, the male sex hormones that include testosterone. Testosterone signals the body to make more sebum.
2 . Bacteria: Excess sebum clogs the openings to hair. Bacteria grow in these clogged follicles. This makes blackheads or whiteheads and even pustules and papules
3 . Hormonal changes during pregnancy
4 . Starting or stopping birth control pills
5 . Heredity
5 . What Are The Common Myths About Acne?
There are many myths surrounding acne which are just not true. Acne is not caused by fatty foods, poor hygiene and eating chocolates. The simple truth is that heredity and hormones are behind most forms of acne.
6 . How Is Acne Treated?
Acne requires a thorough clinical examination by a dermatologist who assess your skin and plans your treatment accordingly.
-Treatment is aimed at healing the existing pimples, preventing growth of new pimples, minimizing chances of scarring and cosmetic treatment.
-The earlier you start your acne treatment, the lesser will be the cahnces of scarring.
-Your doctor may prescribe certain over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription drugs.
-You may have to apply the medications on the pimples or have them orally as suggested by your doctor.
7 . What Precautions Should People With Acne Take?
Here are some ways to care for skin if you have acne:
–Be gentle with your skin: Use a mild cleanser in the morning and evening. Avoid scrubbing your skin as it can make your acne worse.
–Refrain from touching your skin too often: People who squeeze, pinch, or pick their pimples can get scars or dark spots on their skin.
–Shave carefully: Make it a point to soften your beard with some soap and water before applying your shaving cream. . cream. Shave lightly and only when you have to.
–Avoid over exposure to sun:Many acne medications can make your skin prone to sunburn
-Choose your makeup carefully:Use oil free makeup.Look for the word “non-comedogenic” on the label. This means that the makeup will not clog up your pores.
So, if you have pimples that do not go away, consult a dermatologist before your pimples turn into permanent scars. With advancements in acne treatment, pimples can be effectively handled with medications. Stay Healthy, Stay Happy with 1mg, online medical store!