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Content created by
Written by
Dr. Shreya Gupta
BDS, MDS - Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
Reviewed by
Dr. Ashish Ranjan
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
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Protein - Random (Spot), Urine

219280 21% Off
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This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. Collect a Random/Spot urine sample in a sealed and sterile screw-capped container provided by our sample collection professional. Women are advised not to give the sample during the menstrual period unless prescribed. Blood contaminated and highly turbid samples are not acceptable.

Understanding Protein - Random (Spot), Urine

What is Protein - Random (Spot), Urine?

Protein - Random (Spot) Urine is a test to measure the amount of proteins in urine. Normally traces of protein can be found in urine but detection of elevated amount of protein in urine may be due to impaired filtration capacity of kidneys. This condition might indicate a kidney damage.

This test is recommended to patients suffering from diabetes and hypertension as they are more prone to kidney problems. A regular monitoring of protein levels is mandatory to check the kidney health and avoid any further complications.

Sometimes a very low amount of protein can indicate urinary tract infection, dehydration or stones as well.

What is Protein - Random (Spot), Urine used for?

  • To screen for excess protein in the urine

  • To monitor kidney function

  • To detect kidney damage

  • To screen nephrotic syndromes



Interpreting Protein - Random (Spot), Urine results


Normal reference range irrespective of all age

Protein Total, Random Urine < 14.00 mg/dL

(Reference range may vary from lab to lab)


Levels are increased in diseases like:

  • Diabetes

  • Hypertension (High blood pressure)

  • Nephrotic syndrome (High amounts of protein is passed through the kidneys into the urine)

  • Drug nephrotoxicity (Toxicity in kidneys due to drugs)


Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Protein - Random (Spot), Urine

Frequently Asked Questions about Protein - Random (Spot), Urine

Q. How is Protein - Random (Spot) Urine test performed?

The test is performed on urine sample. Start urinating normally and let some urine flow before catching and collecting 30 to 60 ml urine in the sterilized container available from the lab or any pharmacy. After collecting the sample, finish urinating into the toilet or urinal. This process is called midstream clean catch method. Urine sample may also be collected using a catheter inserted through the urethra directly into the urinary bladder. Sample collected through a catheter usually has no contamination. Dipstick method is used in which a specially treated paper strip is dipped in the urine sample. The strip contains squares in which color is present. As the strip is dipped into the urine sample, the color of the strip changes. It is then compared to the chart.

Q. Is there any risk associated with Protein - Random (Spot) Urine test?

No, there are no risks associated with this test.

Q. What are the signs of proteins passing from the kidneys into the urine?

In the early stages, the body shows no signs and symptoms. If there is more damage to the kidney then more amounts of protein start to pass from the kidney to the urine. Due to this swelling of hands, feet, face, and abdomen occurs. If damage to the kidneys continues, it can lead to permanent loss of function, which might result in kidney transplant or dialysis.

Q. What are the other conditions which can result in secretion of proteins apart from kidney disease?

Other conditions that can result in the secretion of proteins include diet, menstruation, physical activity, or urinary tract infection.

Q. What are the additional tests a doctor may prescribe in case of protein random (spot) urine test results are normal?

The doctor may prescribe the following tests: Urine Routine & Microscopy Culture urine

Q. What can affect the results of protein - random (spot) urine test?

This test can be adversely affected if the patient has recently taken antibiotics before the sample collection. It may also be affected if the urine sample is not collected properly.

Q. What is nephrotic syndrome?

Nephrotic Syndrome is a disorder of kidney in which high amounts of protein are secreted in urine. It occurs due to damage to blood vessels which causes a defect in the filtration process. This can cause symptoms that include swelling of feet and ankles. It also increases the risk of health problems.
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Protein - Random (Spot), Urine test price for other cities

Price inBangaloreRs. 219
Price inNew DelhiRs. 219
Price inHyderabadRs. 219
Price inMumbaiRs. 219
Price inKolkataRs. 219
+ more

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