LFT (Liver Function Test) in Noida
Understanding LFT (Liver Function Test) in Noida
What is LFT (Liver Function Test) in Noida?
An LFT (Liver Function Test) is tailored to evaluate your liver health at an affordable price in Noida with Tata 1mg labs. This test helps with the early detection of liver problems such as fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, jaundice, and hepatitis. It may also be used to monitor and track the recovery process in individuals undergoing treatment for any liver problems. The insights from this test allow for timely intervention to prevent future complications and determine the impact of certain medications on your liver health.
The doctor may suggest an LFT (Liver Function Test) if you experience signs and symptoms suggestive of liver problems, such as chronic fatigue, stomach pain, dark-colored urine, and yellowing of skin or whites of eyes, or if you have risk factors for liver diseases, such as excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, or any family history of liver disease. Usually, no special preparation is required for an LFT (Liver Function Test) test. You may eat and drink normally as per your daily routine.
What does LFT (Liver Function Test) measure?Contains 11 tests
An LFT (Liver Function Test) helps determine the health of your liver by measuring various components like enzymes, proteins, and bilirubin. These components help detect inflammation, infection, diseases, etc., of the liver and monitor the damage due to liver-related issues.
A Bilirubin Indirect test measures the amount of indirect or unconjugated bilirubin in your body. Bilirubin is a yellowish byproduct primarily produced when your body breaks down aged red blood cells (RBCs). When RBCs finish their lifespan of 120 days, they break down and pass to your liver. Indirect bilirubin, a form of bilirubin that is unconjugated (not soluble in water), is bound to the protein albumin that helps transport it to the liver. When the liver processes the bilirubin, it unbinds from the albumin and binds to a sugar molecule, making it water-soluble. This water-soluble bilirubin is mixed with bile, excreted in the bile ducts, and stored in your gallbladder. Finally, bile is released into the small intestine to help digest fat and is eventually excreted with your stool as a waste product.
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A Bilirubin Direct test measures the amount of direct or conjugated bilirubin present in your body. Bilirubin is a yellowish byproduct primarily produced when the body breaks down aged RBCs. When the RBCs finish their lifespan of 120 days, they break down and pass to the liver. In the liver, direct bilirubin–a form of bilirubin conjugated with glucuronic acid (sugar)–is processed, mixed with bile, and then excreted in the bile ducts and stored in your gallbladder. Finally, the bile is released into the small intestine where it is further broken down and helps digest fat. It is eventually excreted within your stool as a waste product.
Elevated levels of bilirubin can be indicative of various liver or bile duct issues. Additionally, higher bilirubin levels might result from an increased breakdown of red blood cells in the body.
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Gamma Glutamyl Transferase
Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) is an enzyme found in various organs, with the highest concentration in the liver. Usually, this enzyme is present in low levels in the blood. However, when there is liver damage or disease, GGT is released into the bloodstream, causing an increase in GGT levels. In addition to the liver, GGT can also be elevated in conditions affecting the bile ducts or the pancreas. It is usually, the first liver enzyme to rise in the blood when there is any damage or obstruction in the bile duct, making it one of the most sensitive liver enzyme tests for detecting bile duct problems.
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A Bilirubin Total examination quantifies the levels of total bilirubin in the body, encompassing both indirect (unconjugated) and direct (conjugated) bilirubin. Bilirubin, a yellowish waste substance, is primarily generated during the breakdown of aging red blood cells (RBCs) in the body. After their typical lifespan of 120 days, RBCs disintegrate in the liver, leading to the production of a substantial amount of bilirubin. It is crucial for this bilirubin to be eliminated from the body.
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An SGPT test measures the amount of ALT or SGPT enzyme in your blood. ALT is most abundantly found in the liver, but it is also present in smaller amounts in other organs like the kidneys, heart, and muscles. Its primary function is to convert food into energy. It also speeds up chemical reactions in the body. These chemical reactions include the production of bile and substances that help your blood clot, break down food and toxins, and fight off an infection.
Elevated levels of ALT in the blood may indicate liver damage or injury. When the liver cells are damaged, they release ALT into the bloodstream, causing an increase in ALT levels. Therefore, the SGPT/ALT test is primarily used to assess the health of the liver and to detect liver-related problems such as hepatitis, fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, or other liver disorders.
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Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
An Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) test measures the quantity of ALP enzyme present throughout the body. The main sources of this enzyme are the liver and bones. It exists in different forms depending on where it originates, such as liver ALP, bone ALP, and intestinal ALP. In the liver, it is found on the edges of the cells that join together to form bile ducts.
ALP levels can be increased during pregnancy as it is found in the placenta of pregnant women. It is also higher in children because their bones are in the growth phase. ALP is often high during growth spurts (a short period when an individual experiences quick physical growth in height and body weight).
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An SGOT test measures the levels of serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), also known as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), an enzyme produced by the liver. SGOT is present in most body cells, most abundantly in the liver and heart. The primary function of this enzyme is to convert food into glycogen (a form of glucose), which is stored in the cells, primarily the liver. The body uses this glycogen to generate energy for various body functions.
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Protein Total, Serum
A Protein Total, Serum test measures the amount of proteins in the body. Proteins are known as the building blocks of all cells and tissues. They play a crucial role in the growth and development of most of your organs and in making enzymes and hormones. There are two types of proteins found in the body, namely albumin and globulin. About 60% of the total protein is made up of albumin, which is produced by the liver. It helps to carry small molecules such as hormones, minerals, and medicines throughout the body. It also serves as a source of amino acids for tissue metabolism. On the other hand, globulin is a group of proteins that are made by the liver and the immune system. They play an important role in liver functioning, blood clotting, and fighting off infections.
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This further contains
- Albumin/Globulin Ratio, Serum
- Globulin, Serum
- Serum Albumin
- Protein Total
Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about LFT (Liver Function Test) in Noida
Frequently Asked Questions about LFT (Liver Function Test) in Noida
Q. What is the full form of LFT?
Q. What is an LFT (Liver Function Test) used for?
Q. Is fasting required before an LFT (Liver Function Test)?
Q. What factors can affect my LFT (Liver Function Test) results?
Q. What do the elevated levels of LFT (Liver Function Test) mean?
Q. What are the early signs of an unhealthy liver?
Q. What can cause a fatty liver?
Q. How can I keep my liver healthy?
Q. Can I book a LFT (Liver Function Test) in Noida?
Q. Is home sample collection available for a LFT (Liver Function Test) in Noida?
Q. How can I schedule a LFT (Liver Function Test) with Tata 1mg Labs in Noida?
Q. What is the cost of a LFT (Liver Function Test) in Noida?
Q. How long does Tata 1mg Labs take to provide the reports of a LFT (Liver Function Test) in Noida?
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- Lala V, Zubair M, Minter DA. Liver Function Tests. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island, Florida: StatPearls Publishing; Jan. 2023 [Accessed 24 Jan. 2023]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482489/
- Liver Function Tests [Internet]. Stanford Medicine Health Care; [Accessed 24 Jan. 2023]. Available from: https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-tests/b/blood-test/types/liver-function-test.html
- Common Liver Tests [Internet]. Johns Hopkins Medicine; [Accessed 24 Jan. 2023]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/common-liver-tests