Urine Routine & Microscopy
What is Urine R/M?
Urine routine microscopy is a microscopic examination of urine sample to check for the presence of blood cells, crystals, bacteria, parasites, and cells from tumors in it. This test is mostly advised in case of symptoms suggestive of urinary tract infection (UTI) such as abdominal pain, back pain, painful or frequent urination & blood in the urine. Urinary tract is a combination of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. UTI is not fatal in general, however if left untreated it may cause damage to multiple organs.
This test is used as a part of routine investigation, work up for planned surgery and confirm the finding of other diagnosis such as kidney disorders, liver diseases, diabetes etc.
Pregnant women should get this test done regularly to avoid infection and related diseases.
What does Urine R/M Measure?
Urine Routine and Microscopy test involve the three-part evaluation of the urine sample.
1. Gross Examination - It involves the visual examination of the urine sample for color and appearance.
2. Chemical Examination - It is done by urine dip-stick method which involves the use of reagent test strips. These test strips are dipped into the urine sample and the colors that develop are matched with the control for analysis. It is done to examine the urine sample for glucose, protein, pH, specific gravity, blood, nitrites, ketones, leukocyte esterase, bilirubin, and urobilinogen.
3. Microscopic Examination - It involves the examination of the urine sample under the microscope for casts, crystals, cells, bacteria, and yeast.
Tests Included (12 tests)
- Specific Gravity
- Epithelial Cell
- Protein Urine
- Glucose - Fasting Urine
- Ph for Urine