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Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid

Also known as Scrub typhus serology
Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid Includes 2 testsView All
1450
You need to provide
Blood
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. No special preparation is required.

Understanding Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid


What is Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid?

A Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test is a blood test that helps detect antibodies immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) against scrub typhus, a type of bacterial infection. This test helps diagnose current or past infections, helping in timely and effective management.

Scrub typhus is a vector-borne disease transmitted to humans through the bite of infected larval mites, commonly found in regions of heavy scrub vegetation. It is a potentially severe febrile illness caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi. It is mostly seen in rural areas of Southeast Asia including India.

A Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test helps detect two types of antibodies- Immunoglobulin G (IgG) and Immunoglobulin M (IgM). IgM antibodies typically appear early in an active infection, while IgG antibodies develop later and persist, indicating past exposure or immunity. 

In regions where Scrub typhus is endemic, Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test plays an important role in identifying individuals who have been exposed to the bacterium. The simultaneous measurement of IgG and IgM antibodies helps doctors differentiate between current and past infections. The presence of IgM antibodies in the blood often suggests a recent or active infection, while the presence of IgG antibodies suggests prior exposure. 

Given the potentially severe nature of scrub typhus, sometimes leads to severe complications that event in multiorgan failure including jaundice, acute renal failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), acute respiratory distress syndrome, myocarditis, meningoencephalitis, especially if left untreated, the Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test contributes significantly to timely intervention and improved disease outcome for affected individuals. It helps in the early diagnosis of scrub typhus, differentiates active and past exposures, tailors treatment strategies, and helps prevent potential complications. 

You may consider getting a Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test when you experience symptoms such as high fever, headache, rash, rapid breathing, enlarged lymph nodes, black scab-like lesion at the site of the chigger bite (also known as eschar), etc. suggestive of scrub typhus. However, it is important to note that this test only detects the presence of antibodies to scrub typhus in the blood and should not be used as the sole criteria for the diagnosis of scrub typhus infection. Doctors may recommend a few other tests in conjunction with a Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid to confirm the diagnosis.

No special preparation is needed for a Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid. However, it is important to inform your doctor about any medications, supplements, or medical conditions before the test as these factors may potentially influence the test results.

Lab test results may vary across different laboratories. Abnormal test results require an expert interpretation; therefore, never try to self-medicate at home based solely on these results, and always consult a doctor for a proper understanding of the test results. The insights from this test help the doctor tailor an appropriate treatment plan.

What is Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid used for?

A Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test is done: 

  • When there are symptoms suggestive of scrub typhus like fever, rash, myalgia, swollen/enlarged lymph nodes, nausea, vomiting, eschar (black spot arises at mite biting site), abdominal pain, and non-specific flu-like symptoms.

  • When you have been exposed to areas where scrub typhus is prevalent. 

  • To distinguish between a current or past scrub typhus infection.

What does Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid measure?

Contains 2 tests

A Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test detects scrub typhus infection and determines whether an individual is currently infected (indicated by IgM antibodies) or was infected in the past (indicated by IgG antibodies). When the body is infected with the scrub typhus infection, it defends itself by producing two types of antibodies in sequence: IgM and IgG. Usually, IgM antibodies are the first to appear post infection while IgG antibodies appear in a later stage and persist for an extended period. This way, the immune system responds initially with IgM antibodies and later with IgG antibodies for long-term immunity against scrub typhus. 

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Scrub Typhus IgG Antibody, Rapid

The Scrub Typhus IgG Antibody, Rapid test measures the presence of Immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies in the blood. Detecting IgG antibodies indicates previous exposure to the scrub typhus bacteria, providing insights into an individual's immune history. This test helps screen whether someone has encountered scrub typhus, contributing to the diagnosis and understanding of the disease. 

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Scrub Typhus IgM Antibody, Rapid

The Scrub Typhus IgM Antibody, Rapid test measures the presence of immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies in the blood. When the body is infected with the scrub typhus infection, it defends itself by producing these IgM antibodies. These antibodies are the initial immune response after infection and typically become undetectable after some time. Therefore, the presence of IgM antibodies in the blood signals an active/ongoing scrub typhus infection.

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Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid


Frequently Asked Questions about Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid

Q. When is the Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test recommended?

The Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test is recommended when there is suspicion of scrub typhus infection, especially in individuals presenting with symptoms such as fever, headache, and muscle pain. This test helps diagnose both recent and past infections, providing valuable information for timely and effective management.

Q. How is the Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test performed?

A phlebotomist (a trained professional to perform blood draws) will clean your skin using an antiseptic alcohol cotton swab or wipe and take blood samples from your vein using a needle. The blood sample will be stored safely and transported to the laboratory for analysis.

Q. Is there any risk associated with a Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test?

No, Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test is generally safe with minimal risks. However, you may feel slight discomfort during blood sample collection but chances of serious complications are extremely rare.

Q. How often should the Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test be done?

This test is usually performed when there is a clinical suspicion of scrub typhus based on an individual's symptoms and travel history. A repeat test might be ordered to confirm a diagnosis or assess the response to treatment.

Q. What should I do if my {test-name} test is positive?

If your test is positive, consult a doctor for further evaluation and appropriate treatment.

Q. Can one get re-infected with scrub typhus?

Yes, previous infection with scrub typhus does not provide complete and lifelong protection. Therefore, it is possible to get re-infected if exposed to the bacteria again.

Q. What are the other tests that are recommended for the confirmation of diagnosis?

Other tests that can be done for Diagnosis are Scrub Typhus Detection EIA, Scrub Typhus Detection Qualitative PCR, and Scrub Typhus Detection IFA.
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Scrub Typhus IgG & IgM Antibodies, Rapid test price for other cities


Price inChennaiRs. 1450
Price inGhaziabadRs. 2090
Price inNavi MumbaiRs. 1450
Price inBangaloreRs. 1450
Price inFaridabadRs. 1450
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References

  1. Scrub Typhus [Internet]. CDC; 13 Nov. 2020 [Accessed 06 Feb. 2024]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/typhus/scrub/index.html External Link
  2. Singh OB, Panda PK. Scrub Typhus. [Updated 2022 Sep 26]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2024 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK558901/ External Link
  3. Chakraborty S, Sarma N. Scrub Typhus: An Emerging Threat. Indian J Dermatol. 2017 Sep-Oct;62(5):478-485. [Accessed 06 Feb. 2024]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5618834/ External Link
  4. Varghese GM, Rajagopal VM, Trowbridge P, Purushothaman D, Martin SJ. Kinetics of IgM and IgG antibodies after scrub typhus infection and the clinical implications. Int J Infect Dis. 2018 Jun;71:53-55. [Accessed 06 Feb. 2024]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985369/ External Link
  5. Scrub typhus [Internet]. Britannica; 20 Dec. 2023. [Accessed 06 Feb. 2024]. Available from: https://www.britannica.com/science/scrub-typhus External Link
  6. Peter JV, Sudarsan TI, Prakash JA, Varghese GM. Severe scrub typhus infection: Clinical features, diagnostic challenges and management. World J Crit Care Med. 2015 Aug 4;4(3):244-50. [Accessed 06 Feb. 2024]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4524821/#:~:text=In%20mild%20cases%2C%20recovery%20is,be%20as%20high%20as%2024%25.&text=Core%20tip%3A%20Scrub%20typhus%20is,fever%20in%20South%20East%20Asia. External Link
  7. Kala D, Gupta S, Nagraik R, Verma V, Thakur A, Kaushal A. Diagnosis of scrub typhus: recent advancements and challenges. 3 Biotech. 2020 Sep;10(9):396. [Accessed 06 Feb. 2024]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7431554/ External Link
  8. Kala D, Gupta S, Nagraik R, Verma V, Thakur A, Kaushal A. Diagnosis of scrub typhus: recent advancements and challenges. 3 Biotech. 2020 Sep;10(9):396. [Accessed 06 Feb. 2024]. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7431554/ External Link

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