LFT and KFT (Liver Function Test & Kidney Function Test) in Raigad Maharashtra
Understanding LFT and KFT (Liver Function Test & Kidney Function Test) in Raigad Maharashtra
What is LFT and KFT (Liver Function Test & Kidney Function Test) in Raigad Maharashtra?
An LFT and KFT (Liver Function Test & Kidney Function Test) package is customized to determine overall liver and kidney health at an affordable price in Raigad Maharashtra with Tata 1mg labs. This package comprises a kidney function test (KFT) with electrolytes and a liver function test (LFT). It helps with the early detection of kidney and liver disorders so that effective treatment can be initiated and future complications can be avoided.
KFT with electrolytes helps diagnose kidney disease and monitor treatment response for kidney or blood pressure problems. This test also measures the levels of electrolytes to check for the water and pH balance in the body. It is generally advised in cases where symptoms suggest kidney problems such as frequent urination, bloody urine, muscle cramps, or sharp pain in your groin etc.
LFT helps with the early detection of liver problems such as fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, jaundice, and hepatitis. It is also used to monitor the recovery process in case of known liver disease. This test is generally advised in cases where symptoms suggest liver problems such as chronic fatigue, stomach pain, dark-colored urine, and yellowing of skin or whites of eyes.
What does LFT and KFT (Liver Function Test & Kidney Function Test) measure?Contains 17 tests
An LFT and KFT (Liver Function Test & Kidney Function Test) measures the components contributing to liver and kidney health. LFT is a group of tests that evaluates the levels of enzymes, proteins, and bilirubin produced by the liver. These components help to understand overall liver health and detect possible liver diseases. KFT with electrolytes evaluates the health of your kidneys. This test checks various parameters, such as creatinine, urea, uric acid, and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, and chlorine). It also helps diagnose possible kidney disorders, such as inflammation, infection, or functional damage in the kidneys.
LFT (Liver Function Test)
An LFT (Liver Function Test) helps determine the health of your liver by measuring various components like enzymes, proteins, and bilirubin. These components help detect inflammation, infection, diseases, etc., of the liver and monitor the damage due to liver-related issues.
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A Bilirubin Indirect test measures the amount of indirect or unconjugated bilirubin in your body. Bilirubin is a yellowish byproduct primarily produced when your body breaks down aged red blood cells (RBCs). When RBCs finish their lifespan of 120 days, they break down and pass to your liver. Indirect bilirubin, a form of bilirubin that is unconjugated (not soluble in water), is bound to the protein albumin that helps transport it to the liver. When the liver processes the bilirubin, it unbinds from the albumin and binds to a sugar molecule, making it water-soluble. This water-soluble bilirubin is mixed with bile, excreted in the bile ducts, and stored in your gallbladder. Finally, bile is released into the small intestine to help digest fat and is eventually excreted with your stool as a waste product.
A Bilirubin Direct test measures the amount of direct or conjugated bilirubin present in your body. Bilirubin is a yellowish byproduct primarily produced when the body breaks down aged RBCs. When the RBCs finish their lifespan of 120 days, they break down and pass to the liver. In the liver, direct bilirubin–a form of bilirubin conjugated with glucuronic acid (sugar)–is processed, mixed with bile, and then excreted in the bile ducts and stored in your gallbladder. Finally, the bile is released into the small intestine where it is further broken down and helps digest fat. It is eventually excreted within your stool as a waste product.
Elevated levels of bilirubin can be indicative of various liver or bile duct issues. Additionally, higher bilirubin levels might result from an increased breakdown of red blood cells in the body.
Gamma Glutamyl Transferase
Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) is an enzyme found in various organs, with the highest concentration in the liver. Usually, this enzyme is present in low levels in the blood. However, when there is liver damage or disease, GGT is released into the bloodstream, causing an increase in GGT levels. In addition to the liver, GGT can also be elevated in conditions affecting the bile ducts or the pancreas. It is usually, the first liver enzyme to rise in the blood when there is any damage or obstruction in the bile duct, making it one of the most sensitive liver enzyme tests for detecting bile duct problems.
A Bilirubin Total examination quantifies the levels of total bilirubin in the body, encompassing both indirect (unconjugated) and direct (conjugated) bilirubin. Bilirubin, a yellowish waste substance, is primarily generated during the breakdown of aging red blood cells (RBCs) in the body. After their typical lifespan of 120 days, RBCs disintegrate in the liver, leading to the production of a substantial amount of bilirubin. It is crucial for this bilirubin to be eliminated from the body.
An SGPT test measures the amount of ALT or SGPT enzyme in your blood. ALT is most abundantly found in the liver, but it is also present in smaller amounts in other organs like the kidneys, heart, and muscles. Its primary function is to convert food into energy. It also speeds up chemical reactions in the body. These chemical reactions include the production of bile and substances that help your blood clot, break down food and toxins, and fight off an infection.
Elevated levels of ALT in the blood may indicate liver damage or injury. When the liver cells are damaged, they release ALT into the bloodstream, causing an increase in ALT levels. Therefore, the SGPT/ALT test is primarily used to assess the health of the liver and to detect liver-related problems such as hepatitis, fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, or other liver disorders.
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP)
An Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) test measures the quantity of ALP enzyme present throughout the body. The main sources of this enzyme are the liver and bones. It exists in different forms depending on where it originates, such as liver ALP, bone ALP, and intestinal ALP. In the liver, it is found on the edges of the cells that join together to form bile ducts.
ALP levels can be increased during pregnancy as it is found in the placenta of pregnant women. It is also higher in children because their bones are in the growth phase. ALP is often high during growth spurts (a short period when an individual experiences quick physical growth in height and body weight).
An SGOT test measures the levels of serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), also known as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), an enzyme produced by the liver. SGOT is present in most body cells, most abundantly in the liver and heart. The primary function of this enzyme is to convert food into glycogen (a form of glucose), which is stored in the cells, primarily the liver. The body uses this glycogen to generate energy for various body functions.
Protein Total, Serum
- Serum Albumin
- Protein Total
- Globulin, Serum
- Albumin/Globulin Ratio, Serum
A Protein Total, Serum test measures the amount of proteins in the body. Proteins are known as the building blocks of all cells and tissues. They play a crucial role in the growth and development of most of your organs and in making enzymes and hormones. There are two types of proteins found in the body, namely albumin and globulin. About 60% of the total protein is made up of albumin, which is produced by the liver. It helps to carry small molecules such as hormones, minerals, and medicines throughout the body. It also serves as a source of amino acids for tissue metabolism. On the other hand, globulin is a group of proteins that are made by the liver and the immune system. They play an important role in liver functioning, blood clotting, and fighting off infections.
This further contains
KFT with Electrolytes (Kidney Function Test with Electrolytes)
A KFT with Electrolytes (Kidney Function Test with Electrolytes) test determines the health of your kidneys. It evaluates parameters such as creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), uric acid, and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, and chloride). This test also helps diagnose possible kidney disorders like inflammation, infection, or functional damage.
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A Serum Creatinine test measures the level of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is a byproduct of muscles’ wear and tear during energy production. The kidneys remove it from the body by filtering it from the blood and releasing it into the urine. Therefore, blood creatinine levels indicate how well the kidneys are functioning in filtering and removing waste products from the blood. Generally, higher creatinine levels in the blood may indicate reduced kidney function, while lower levels may suggest decreased muscle mass.
Creatinine levels are also used with other factors, such as age and gender, to calculate the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The eGFR is a more comprehensive indicator of kidney function, helps determine appropriate drug dosages, and is essential for assessing the potential toxicity of drugs on the kidneys.
A Potassium test measures the levels of potassium in your body. Potassium is one of the key electrolytes that helps in the functioning of the kidneys, heart, nerves, and muscles. It also balances the effect of sodium and helps keep your blood pressure normal. The body absorbs the required amount of potassium from the dietary sources and eliminates the remaining quantity through urine. Potassium level is typically maintained by the hormone aldosterone. Aldosterone acts on the nephrons present in the kidneys and activates the sodium-potassium pump that helps the body reabsorb sodium and excrete potassium. This aids in maintaining a regular and steady potassium level in the blood.
A Uric Acid test determines the level of uric acid in your body. Uric acid is a nitrogenous compound produced by the metabolic breakdown of purine. Purines are present as nitrogenous bases in the DNA and are also found in food like red meat and seafood.
Most uric acid dissolves in the blood and goes into your kidneys. From there, it passes through your body via the urine. Decreased elimination of uric acid is often a result of impaired kidney function due to kidney disease. In many cases, the exact cause of excess uric acid is unknown. Doctors seldom need to test for low levels of uric acid.
A Chloride test measures the amount of chloride in your body. Chloride is present in all body fluids and is found in the highest concentration in the blood and extracellular fluid (fluid present outside the cells). The body gets most of the chloride through dietary salt (sodium chloride or NaCl) and a small amount through other food items. The required amount of chloride is absorbed in the body and the excess amount is excreted by the kidneys through urine. When the chloride is combined with sodium it is mostly found in nature as salt. Chloride generally increases or decreases in direct relationship to sodium but may also change without any changes in sodium levels when there are problems with the body's pH. Usually, the normal blood chloride level remains steady with a slight fall after meals (because the stomach produces hydrochloric acid using chloride from the blood after we eat food).
By producing hormones that control the elimination of sodium through urine, such as natriuretic peptides and aldosterone.
By producing hormones that prevent water loss, such as antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or vasopressin.
By controlling thirst (an increase in blood sodium level can make you thirsty and cause you to drink water, returning your sodium to normal).
A Sodium test is used to measure the amount of sodium in your body. Sodium is present in all body fluids and is found in the highest concentration in the extracellular fluid. The body absorbs the required amount of sodium through dietary salts and the remaining is eliminated through the kidneys. The body keeps your blood sodium within a normal and steady range by following three mechanisms:
These mechanisms regulate the amount of water and sodium in the body and control blood pressure by keeping the amount of water in check. When the level of sodium in the blood changes, the water content in your body changes. These changes can be associated with dehydration, edema, and change in blood pressure.
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
A Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) test measures the levels of urea nitrogen in the blood. Blood urea is a waste product that is formed in the liver when you eat food and the protein is metabolized into amino acids. This process leads to the production of ammonia that is further converted into urea. Both ammonia and urea are nitrogenous compounds. Your liver releases urea into the blood which is then carried out to the kidneys. In the kidneys, urea is filtered from the blood and flushed out of the body via urine. This is a continuous process, so a small amount of urea nitrogen always remains in the blood.
In the case of a kidney or liver disease, there is a change in the amount of urea present in the blood. If your liver produces urea in an increased amount or if there is any problem in kidney functioning, there might be difficulty in filtering out the waste products from the blood, which can result in increased urea levels in the blood.
Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about LFT and KFT (Liver Function Test & Kidney Function Test) in Raigad Maharashtra
Frequently Asked Questions about LFT and KFT (Liver Function Test & Kidney Function Test) in Raigad Maharashtra
Q. What is the purpose of an LFT and KFT package?
Q. What components are measured by an LFT and KFT package?
Q. What are the common signs and symptoms of kidney problems?
Q. What if my test results show high SGOT and SGPT levels?
Q. How can I reduce SGOT and SGPT levels quickly and naturally?
Q. What can cause a fatty liver?
Q. How can I keep my liver healthy?
Q. What are the early signs of an unhealthy liver?
Q. What is chronic kidney disease (CKD)?
Q. How can I improve my kidney health?
Q. What causes high levels of bilirubin?
Q. What levels of bilirubin are dangerous in newborns?
Q. What does a BUN test measure in LFT and KFT package?
Q. Can I book an LFT and KFT package in Raigad Maharashtra?
Q. Is an LFT and KFT (Liver Function Test & Kidney Function Test) package eligible for home sample collection in Raigad Maharashtra?
Q. How can I book an LFT and KFT package with Tata 1mg Labs in Raigad Maharashtra?
Q. What is the price of an LFT and KFT package in Raigad Maharashtra?
Q. How long does Tata 1mg Labs take to give the reports of an LFT and KFT package in Raigad Maharashtra?
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- Liver Function Tests [Internet]. Stanford Medicine Health Care; [Accessed 24 Jan. 2023]. Available from: https://stanfordhealthcare.org/medical-tests/b/blood-test/types/liver-function-test.html
- Common Liver Tests [Internet]. Johns Hopkins Medicine; [Accessed 24 Jan. 2023]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/common-liver-tests
- Saker, B.M. Everyday Drug Therapies Affecting the Kidneys [Internet]. Sydney: NPS MedicineWise; 01 Jan. 2000 [Accessed 10 Apr. 2023]. Available from: https://www.nps.org.au/australian-prescriber/articles/everyday-drug-therapies-affecting-the-kidneys
- Know Your Kidney Numbers: Two Simple Tests [Internet]. NY: National Kidney Foundation; [Accessed 10 Apr. 2023]. Available from: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/know-your-kidney-numbers-two-simple-tests#:~:text=CKD%20is%20evaluated%20using%20two
- Kidney Testing: Everything You Need to Know [Internet]. CDC; 24 Mar. 2022 [Accessed 10 Apr. 2023]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/kidneydisease/publications-resources/kidney-tests.html
- Gounden V, Bhatt H, Jialal I. Renal Function Tests. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island, Florida: StatPearls Publishing; Jan. 2023 [Accessed 10 Apr. 2023]. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK507821/