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Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine

Prescription Required
SALT COMPOSITION
Storage
Store in a refrigerator (2 - 8°C). Do not freeze.

Overview

Introduction

Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine protects against poliomyelitis causing polio virus. Polio or poliomyelitis, is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease. Virus spreads from person to person and can invade an infected person's brain and spinal cord, causing paralysis (can't move body parts).

The first dose of Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine is given at birth. Primary three doses at 6, 10 & 14 weeks of child's age and one booster dose at 16-24 months of age and other at five years of age Two drops of this vaccine are given orally. In addition to these OPV doses, don’t forget to immunize your child during all pulse polio immunization days. There is no risk of overdose, fully immunized children receiving extra doses of OPV will receive extra protection against polio. The vaccine is administered multiple times to ensure full protection. There is minimal risk of adverse effects from OPV.

Uses of Poliomyelitis Oral Liquid

Benefits of Poliomyelitis Oral Liquid

In Polio

Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease. Poliovirus spreads from person to person and can invade an infected person's brain and spinal cord, causing paralysis. Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine protects against poliomyelitis causing poliovirus. The vaccine contains inactivated (killed) viruses of all three poliovirus types (I, II, and III). It works by helping the immune system to produce antibodies that prevent the spread of the virus to the brain and protect against paralysis.

Side effects of Poliomyelitis Oral Liquid

Most side effects do not require any medical attention and disappear as your body adjusts to the medicine. Consult your doctor if they persist or if you’re worried about them

Common side effects of Poliomyelitis

  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea

How to cope with side effects?

The occurrence of side effects varies from person to person. The following are a few ways of dealing with some of the common side effects. However, consult your doctor if these persist.

  • Coping with Vomiting
    You can help yourself by eating small, frequent meals rather than large ones and drinking plenty of fluids. Eat slowly. Avoid fatty, fried, spicy and very sweet foods. Eat cold or slightly warm food if the smell of cooked or cooking food makes you feel sick. Get plenty of fresh air. You could also try chewing ginger or drinking ginger tea. Eat bananas to replace potassium in your blood which can drop if you are sick (vomit). Use oral rehydration salts to replace vitamins and minerals lost through being sick. There are some medicines that can help you stop feeling sick. Speak to your doctor if your condition does not improve.
  • Coping with Diarrhea
    Keep up your intake of fluids and electrolytes (sugars and salts) to avoid getting dehydrated. Eat less fiber (avoid raw fruits, fruit juice and vegetables). Talk to your doctor about possible medication to manage diarrhea. Ask about reducing the dosage of your drug or other suitable treatments.

How to use Poliomyelitis Oral Liquid

Take this medicine in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Check the label for directions before use. Measure it with measuring cup and take it by mouth. Shake well before use. Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine may be taken with or without food, but it is better to take it at a fixed time.

How Poliomyelitis Oral Liquid works

Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine contains inactivated (killed) viruses of all three poliovirus types (I, II & III). It works by provoking the the immune system to produce antibodies (proteins), without actually causing a disease. In the event of infection, these antibodies prevent the spread of the virus to the brain and protect against paralysis.

Safety Advice

Alcohol
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
It is not known whether it is safe to consume alcohol with Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine. Please consult your doctor.
Pregnancy
CONSULT YOUR DOCTOR
Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine may be unsafe to use during pregnancy. Although there are limited studies in humans, animal studies have shown harmful effects on the developing baby. Your doctor will weigh the benefits and any potential risks before prescribing it to you. Please consult your doctor.
Breastfeeding
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine is safe to use during breastfeeding. Human studies suggest that the drug does not pass into the breastmilk in a significant amount and is not harmful to the baby.
Driving
SAFE
Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine does not usually affect your ability to drive.
Kidney
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine is probably safe to use in patients with kidney disease. Limited data available suggests that dose adjustment of Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine may not be needed in these patients. Please consult your doctor.
Liver
SAFE IF PRESCRIBED
Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine is probably safe to use in patients with liver disease. Limited data available suggests that dose adjustment of Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine may not be needed in these patients. Please consult your doctor.

What if you forget to take Poliomyelitis Oral Liquid?

If you miss a dose of Poliomyelitis Oral Vaccine, please consult your doctor.

Alternate Brands

For informational purposes only. Consult a doctor before taking any medicines.
No alternate brands found for this medicine

Quick Tips

  • Ensure that you take further booster doses of polio vaccine after every 5 years in children and after 10 years in adults.
  • Inform your doctor before vaccination if you have blood clotting disorder or high grade fever or any acute illness as your vaccination may have to be postponed until you recover.
  • Tell your doctor if you are currently taking any immunosuppressant or if you are infected with disease that affects your immune system.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Do not take if allergic to polio vaccine or any of its ingredients.
  • Do not take if having low platelet count.
  • Do not take if suffering with high grade fever or acute illness.

Fact Box

Chemical Class
Vaccines
Habit Forming
No

Interaction with Drugs

Taking Poliomyelitis with any of the following medicines can modify the effect of either of them and cause some undesirable side effects
Brand(s): Healgraft, Graftide-M, Mycocel S
LIFE-THREATENING
Brand(s): Thioprinz, Lazorin, Azarid
SERIOUS
Brand(s): Oncomide, Cyclomet, Cyphos
SERIOUS
Brand(s): Empurine
SERIOUS

Patient Concerns

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Ipv {inactivated polio vaccine} vaccine is not available so oral polio drop is sufficient. Ipv can be given upto how many days From birth. If not given then any problem??
Dr. Gopal Samdani
Paediatrics
If not available take opv as per schedule.
Didnt get polio drops in 1year Both my daughters 2 yr and 4 years respectively didnt get polio drops I need to know how many times it is necessary to give polio drops Can i give it directly to child
Dr. Rahul Yadav
Paediatrics
Hello, oral polio drops are to be given according to vaccination schedule. Also additional doses with pulse polio days.
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User Feedback


FAQs

Q. When should Poliomyelitis be given?

Children are usually advised 4 doses of Poliomyelitis. The first dose is given at age of 2 months and then the next doses are given at 4 months, 6–18 months and 4–6 years, respectively. However, sometimes Poliomyelitis is given in a combination vaccine along with other vaccines. In this case, a child might receive a fifth dose of Poliomyelitis. Adults, on the other hand, do not need to get vaccinated if they have already been vaccinated as a child.

Q. What is Poliomyelitis used for?

Poliomyelitis contains live attenuated poliovirus (strain types 1, 2 and 3) and is intended for polio prophylaxis in infants 6-12 weeks of age, all unimmunized children up to 18 years of age and high-risk adults. Adults, however, should receive the inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV).

Q. What are the different types of polio vaccines?

Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio). There are two types of polio vaccines, one is inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) which is given by injection and the other is weakened oral poliovirus vaccine(OPV) given by mouth.

Q. Is Poliomyelitis necessary?

Yes, polio virus attacks the nervous system which can lead to paralysis, especially of lower limbs. Therefore, it is important to get Poliomyelitis as it provides protection against this virus.

Q. Is Poliomyelitis better than inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV)?

No, IPV is considered more effective than Poliomyelitis. Although, it is expensive and relatively difficult to administer. It was seen that giving Poliomyelitis alone led to more cases of polio when compared to Poliomyelitis because it is a live form of the virus. Therefore, in order to prevent polio outbreaks Poliomyelitis is the preferred form of polio vaccine.

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1mg's sole intention is to ensure that its consumers get information that is expert-reviewed, accurate and trustworthy. However, the information contained herein should NOT be used as a substitute for the advice of a qualified physician. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. This may not cover all possible side effects, drug interactions or warnings or alerts. Please consult your doctor and discuss all your queries related to any disease or medicine. We intend to support, not replace, the doctor-patient relationship.

References

  1. Sinha A, Singh S. Immunization and Immunodeficiency. In: Paul VK, Bagga A, editors. Ghai Essential Pediatrics. 8th ed. New Delhi: CBS Publisher's & Distributors Pvt Ltd.; 2013. pp. 191-93.
  2. ScienceDirect. Oral Poliomyelitis Vaccine. [Accessed 04 Apr. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  3. Drugs.com. Poliovirus vaccine, inactivated Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Warnings. [Accessed 04 Apr. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  4. Drugs.com. Poliovirus Vaccines use while Breastfeeding. [Accessed 04 Apr. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link
  5. Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO). [Accessed 03 Apr. 2019] (online) Available from:External Link

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