Polio Vaccine

Information about Polio Vaccine

Polio Vaccine Uses

Polio Vaccine is used to prevent Polio.

How Polio Vaccine works

Polio Vaccine contains inactivated (killed) viruses of all three poliovirus types (I, II & III). It works by provoking the the immune system to produce antibodies (proteins), without actually causing a disease. In the event of infection, these antibodies prevent the spread of the virus to the brain and protect against paralysis.

Common side effects of Polio Vaccine

Fever, Vomiting, Diarrhea
Written By
Reviewed By
MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated:
07 Jun 2020 | 05:32 AM (UTC)
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Available Medicine for Polio Vaccine

Biopolio B1/3Bharat Biotech
2291 variant(s)
Oral PolioBiomed Pharmaceuticals
187 to ₹2752 variant(s)
Polio VvmPanacea Biotec Ltd
1711 variant(s)
OpvBiomed Pharmaceuticals
2431 variant(s)

Expert advice for Polio Vaccine

  • Ensure that you take further booster doses of polio vaccine after every 5 years in children and after 10 years in adults.
  • Inform your doctor before vaccination if you have blood clotting disorder or high grade fever or any acute illness as your vaccination may have to be postponed until you recover.
  • Tell your doctor if you are currently taking any immunosuppressant or if you are infected with disease that affects your immune system.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Do not take if allergic to polio vaccine or any of its ingredients.
  • Do not take if having low platelet count.
  • Do not take if suffering with high grade fever or acute illness.

Frequently asked questions for Polio Vaccine

Polio Vaccine

Q. When should Polio Vaccine be given?

Children are usually advised 4 doses of Polio Vaccine. The first dose is given at age of 2 months and then the next doses are given at 4 months, 6–18 months and 4–6 years, respectively. However, sometimes Polio Vaccine is given in a combination vaccine along with other vaccines. In this case, a child might receive a fifth dose of Polio Vaccine. Adults, on the other hand, do not need to get vaccinated if they have already been vaccinated as a child.

Q. What is Polio Vaccine used for?

Polio Vaccine contains live attenuated poliovirus (strain types 1, 2 and 3) and is intended for polio prophylaxis in infants 6-12 weeks of age, all unimmunized children up to 18 years of age and high-risk adults. Adults, however, should receive the inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV).

Q. What are the different types of polio vaccines?

Polio vaccines are vaccines used to prevent poliomyelitis (polio). There are two types of polio vaccines, one is inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) which is given by injection and the other is weakened oral poliovirus vaccine(OPV) given by mouth.

Q. Is Polio Vaccine necessary?

Yes, polio virus attacks the nervous system which can lead to paralysis, especially of lower limbs. Therefore, it is important to get Polio Vaccine as it provides protection against this virus.

Q. Is Polio Vaccine better than inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV)?

No, IPV is considered more effective than Polio Vaccine. Although, it is expensive and relatively difficult to administer. It was seen that giving Polio Vaccine alone led to more cases of polio when compared to Polio Vaccine because it is a live form of the virus. Therefore, in order to prevent polio outbreaks Polio Vaccine is the preferred form of polio vaccine.


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