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food interaction for EPIPHEN

alcohol interaction for EPIPHEN

pregnancy interaction for EPIPHEN

lactation interaction for EPIPHEN

food
alcohol
pregnancy
lactation
Avoid Epiphen tablet with grapefruit juice.
UNSAFE
Epiphen tablet may cause excessive drowsiness and calmness with alcohol.
UNSAFE
Epiphen tablet is unsafe to use during pregnancy.
There is positive evidence of human fetal risk, but the benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk, for example in life-threatening situations. Please consult your doctor.
WEIGH RISKS VS. BENEFITS
Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.

SALT INFORMATION for EPIPHEN

Phenobarbitone(60 mg)

Uses

Phenobarbitone is used in epilepsy.

How it works

Phenobarbitone controls seizures or fits by increasing the action of GABA, a chemical messenger which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Common side effects

Increased sensitivity to light, Drowsiness, Anemia, Bruise, Bleeding, Impaired concentration, Memory impairment, Confusion, Convulsion, Coordination disorder, Decreased blood pressure, Decreased level of thyroid hormones, Depression, Jaundice like symptoms, Fever, Fibroma (benign tumours), Aggression, Hyperactivity, Irritation, Skin peeling, Joint pain, Softening of bones, Sore skin, Sore mouth, Swelling of glands, Inflammation of tendons, Weakness
Phenytoin(NA)

Uses

Phenytoin is used in the treatment of epilepsy.

How it works

Phenytoin controls seizures or fits by suppressing the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Common side effects

Nausea, Nervousness, Altered sleep, Anemia, Bruise, Bleeding, Memory impairment, Confusion, Constipation, Coordination disorder, Swelling of gums, Headache, Increased glucose level in blood, Slurred speech, Joint pain, Softening of bones, Stomach pain, Vomiting

SUBSTITUTES for EPIPHEN

No substitutes found

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Expert advice for EPIPHEN

  • Do not take phenobarbitone if you are allergic to phenobarbitone or any of the other ingredient of the tablet.
  • Doctor’s advice should be considered in case of patients with following history of disease conditions: liver or kidney disease; temporary or chronic pain; mental depression or illness; disorders of pituitary gland or adrenal gland (e.g. pheochromocytoma); breathing problems; or porphyria (disturbance of metabolism that can be seen as disorders of the skin or other organs).
  • Do not take phenobarbitone if you have an addiction to alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Avoid taking phenobarbitone if you are pregnant or breast-feeding or planning to become pregnant.
  • Do not drive or operate machinery immediately after taking phenobarbitone as it may cause drowsiness.

Frequently asked questions for EPIPHEN

Phenobarbitone

Q.What is phenobarbitone used for?
Phenobarbitone is used to control seizures in epilepsy patients and is also used to relieve anxiety. It may also be used as a sedative for patients about to undergo surgery; to treat people who are suffering from withdrawal symptoms from addiction to other seizure medication or who are going to stop medication

Q.What is phenobarbitone sodium?
Phenobarbitone sodium is one of the salt forms of phenobarbitone and is used for the same indications

Q.How does phenobarbitone work?
Phenobarbitone belongs to barbiturates. It acts by slowing down the activity of the brai

Q.Is it an enzyme inducer?
It is an enzyme inducer

Q.Is phenobarbitone a controlled drug?
Phenobarbitone is a controlled drug

Q.What is phenobarbitone syrup?
Phenobarbitone is available as tablet and syrup form for use.

Phenytoin

Q.How does phenytoin work?
Phenytoin is used to control seizures in epilepsy patients. It is used majorly to treat patients who are having surgery in the brain or nervous system. It is used to treat as well as prevent seizures in such patients. Phenytoin belongs to a class of medication call anti-convulsants. It acts by slowing down the electrical activity of the brain

Q.Is phenytoin dialyzable?
Phenytoin is dialyzable

Q.Can it be removed by dialysis?
It can be removed by dialysis

Q.Can I take ibuprofen/aspirin/Tylenol with phenytoin?
Phenytoin is known to interact with ibuprofen/aspirin/Tylenol. It should be combined only on strict advice of the doctor

Q.Does phenytoin cause weight gain/QT prolongation/Gingival hyperplasia/memory loss/ hyponatremia/photosensitivity/hair loss/ make you sleepy/high?
Phenytoin is known to cause gingival hyperplasia/memory loss/ hyponatremia/photosensitivity make you sleepy as side effects. It is not known to cause weight gain/QT prolongation/make you high. Please inform the doctor immediately if you observe side effects.

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Content on this page was last updated on 22 January, 2014, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)