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Understanding the Test
Test Measures
Interpreting Results
FAQ's
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References
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Dr. Hitesh Tiwari
MD Pathology, MBBS
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HIV 1 And 2 Antibody

Also known as HIV antibody test, Tridot
449493 8% Off
You need to provide
Blood
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. No special preparation is required.
  2. A duly filled Consent form for HIV testing & Pre-test counselling (Annexure - CR/01) is mandatory.

Understanding HIV 1 And 2 Antibody


What is HIV 1 And 2 Antibody?

An HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test detects the presence of antibodies against HIV-1 and HIV-2, the two primary strains of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This test can be done if you suspect an accidental exposure to this virus or with someone who is infected. This test helps in the early diagnosis and management of HIV infection.

HIV is transmitted through sexual contact, by exposure to the blood of infected individuals, or from an infected mother to an unborn baby. For the first few weeks of an HIV infection, the level of antigen (HIV) increases in the blood. After 2-8 weeks, the body produces antibodies against this antigen. An HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test detects antibodies at this time, as after this, both the antigen and antibody levels in the blood decrease.

An HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test detects the antibodies after 3-12 weeks of exposure to the virus; therefore, it cannot be used as a screening test. Your doctor may advise this HIV antibody test if you show symptoms of HIV infection, such as sudden weight loss, night sweats, extreme tiredness, swollen lymph nodes, white spots in your mouth, pneumonia, forgetfulness, depression, etc. An HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test also helps assess an individual's risk of HIV infection, particularly those with known risk factors, such as engaging in unprotected sex, sharing needles for drug use, or having sexual partners with HIV. This test also helps to differentiate between HIV-1 and HIV-2 infection.

You may talk to your doctor about all the pre-test instructions. No special preparation is required for this test; eat or drink normally as per your daily routine. However, a duly filled consent form is mandatory for sample collection. 

Early detection of HIV infection is crucial for timely medical evaluation and treatment initiation. Test result ranges are approximate and may differ slightly between labs depending on the methodology and laboratory guidelines. Talk to your doctor about your specific test results. Narrate your complete medical history to help the doctor correlate your clinical and laboratory findings. The test results will help them determine your medical condition, make recommendations for lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise, decide whether or not medication will be required to manage your condition, and formulate your overall treatment plan.

What is HIV 1 And 2 Antibody used for?

An HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test is done:

  • To determine whether an individual has been infected with HIV-1, HIV-2, or both.
  • To screen potential blood and organ donors to prevent the transmission of HIV through transfusions or transplants.
  • As a standard component of prenatal care to identify HIV-positive pregnant individuals.
  • To assess an individual's risk of HIV infection, particularly among individuals with known risk factors, such as engaging in unprotected sex, sharing needles for drug use, or having sexual partners with HIV.
  • To distinguish HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies from those produced in response to other infections.

What does HIV 1 And 2 Antibody measure?

An HIV 1 And 2 Antibody detects HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies in the blood and confirms the presence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV-1 was discovered first and is the most widespread, whereas HIV-2 is more than 55% genetically different from HIV-1. The transmission rate of HIV-2 is also slower than HIV-1. This test also helps to differentiate between the two HIV infections.

Interpreting HIV 1 And 2 Antibody results


Interpretations

A negative test means that the person is not infected with HIV.

However, a person at risk of getting Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) should be screened occasionally.

A positive test indicates that the person is infected with HIV.

 

 

Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about HIV 1 And 2 Antibody


Frequently Asked Questions about HIV 1 And 2 Antibody

Q. What is an HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test?

An HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test is a diagnostic tool used to detect HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibodies, the primary strains of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Q. What are the different types of HIV tests?

There are 3 types of HIV tests, namely Antibody test, Antigen/Antibody test, and Nucleic acid test.

Q. Is there any risk associated with an HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test?

There is usually no risk associated with this test. However, some people may feel a slight sting when a needle is pricked and may experience some bleeding that is normal and usually not bothersome. Some people may also experience slight swelling or bruising at the site of the needle prick. Applying ice 3-4 times daily for about a week may help reduce swelling and bruising. If it does not get better, consult your doctor.

Q. Which screening tests are advised by the doctor for patients at risk of HIV?

The screening tests available for HIV include a combination of HIV antibody and HIV antigen tests, HIV antibody testing, and p24 antigen testing.

Q. How soon can an HIV infection be detected by a blood test?

HIV infection can typically be detected by a blood test within a few weeks to a few months after exposure, depending on the type of HIV test used. Some common types of HIV tests and their detection window include: a). An Antibody test can typically detect HIV antibodies within 3 to 12 weeks (even longer in some cases). b). An Antigen/Antibody test can detect the infection after 2 to 6 weeks of exposure. c). A Nucleic Acid test is one of the earliest tests available for detecting HIV infection. It can detect HIV’s RNA (genetic material) within days to a few weeks. d). HIV self-test kits have a detection window of 3 to 12 weeks post-exposure.

Q. Is an HIV infection curable?

An HIV infection is not curable, but proper treatment can be started if diagnosed early. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is used to treat the infection. This therapy helps reduce the levels of the virus in the body, which will improve the health.

Q. What are the symptoms of an HIV infection?

The symptoms of an HIV infection are similar to those of influenza and other viral infections, such as fever, sore throat, and muscle and joint pain. The symptoms may go unidentified for years. The best way to avoid such a condition is to get screened for HIV infections periodically.

Q. Can I test for an HIV infection at home?

Yes, you can test for an HIV infection at home. Tata 1mg offers an HIV self-test kit to check for an infection.

Q. What does a positive test result mean?

A positive result indicates that you have been infected with HIV-1, HIV-2, or both. It's crucial to follow up with confirmatory tests and seek medical care.

Q. How soon after potential exposure can an HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test detect infection?

Typically, it takes a few weeks to a few months for the body to produce detectable levels of antibodies. Testing during this period may result in a false negative, so follow-up testing is often recommended.

Q. When should I get tested with an HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test?

You can take this test if you've engaged in activities that may have exposed you to HIV, such as unprotected sex or sharing needles, or if you are pregnant as part of routine prenatal care.
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HIV 1 And 2 Antibody test price for other cities


Price inBangaloreRs. 449
Price inMumbaiRs. 449
Price inGurgaonRs. 449
Price inPuneRs. 449
Price inKolkataRs. 449
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