Q. Is there any risk associated with this test?
There is no risk associated with the test. However, since this test involves a needle prick to withdraw the blood sample, in very rare cases, a patient may experience increased bleeding, hematoma formation (blood collection under the skin), bruising or infection at the site of needle prick.
Q. Is there any preparation required before the AMH test?
Since AMH levels in blood remain fairly consistent and do not vary like other hormones through the menstrual cycle, this test may be performed any time. However, birth control pills may affect the AMH levels, hence if you are on birth control pills, it is advisable to discontinue them about 1 to 2 months before the test is performed. Inform the doctor of any medications you may be taking. No other specific preparations are usually required before the AMH Test.
Q. What factors can affect the AMH test results?
The AMH levels in blood can be affected by a number of factors including:
· Age of the patient
· Heavy smoking
· Hormonal imbalance
· Chronic exposure to environmental smoke
· Chemotherapy drugs
Q. What additional tests can be prescribed by your doctor in case of abnormal AMH test result?
Additional tests that may be prescribed in case of abnormal AMH test result are:
· Androgen (Testosterone) Test
· Estrogen and Progesterone Tests
· FSH and LH Tests
· Inhibin B Test for fertility
· Inhibin Test (A and B) for tumour workup
Q. What is IVF?
IVF or In Vitro Fertilisation is a type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) where eggs retrieved from the female and sperms retrieved from the male are made to fuse and undergo fertilization in a laboratory, instead of the female body. The zygote formed is incubated for some time and is then implanted into the female uterus for further development and delivery. It is a commonly used procedure to overcome the inability to conceive and complete pregnancy naturally.
Q. What is PCOS?
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS refers to a group of medical conditions in females caused due to high levels of male hormones or androgens. It is usually characterized by the presence of multiple cysts on the ovaries in affected females. Symptoms of PCOS include:
· Irregular or no menstruation
· Abnormal bleeding during periods
· Excessive male pattern body hair on face, chest, and buttocks (hirsutism)
· Thinning of hair and hair loss from head
· Patches of skin turning velvety black (acanthosis nigricans)
· Loss of fertility
The condition is usually associated with obesity and diabetes and may give rise to severe complications if not managed, including high blood cholesterol causing cardiovascular disorders, sleep apnea, infertility, depression, endometrial cancer, etc.