Description of Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. Osteoarthritis breaks down the cartilage in your joints. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement. When you lose cartilage, your bones rub together. Over time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.
Signs and Symptoms
Common symptoms include:
1. Pain
2. Swelling
3. Reduced motion in the joints that most commonly affects the hands, knees, hips, or spine.
Causes and Risk Factors
Risk factors for osteoarthritis include:
1. Overweight
2. Getting older
3. Injuring a joint
No single test can diagnose osteoarthritis. Most doctors use several methods, including medical history, a physical exam, x-rays, or lab tests.
Treatments include exercise, medicines, and sometimes surgery.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
Content Details
Last updated on:
04 Sep 2017 | 10:19 AM (IST)
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