Q. What are the instructions for the storage and disposal of Glypten-M?
Keep this medicine in the packet or the container it came in, tightly closed. Store it according to the instructions mentioned on the pack or label. Dispose of the unused medicine. Make sure it is not consumed by pets, children and other people.
Glypten-M is a combination of two medicines: Metformin and Teneligliptin. This medicine is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). It improves blood glucose levels in adults when taken along with proper diet and regular exercise. Metformin works by lowering the glucose production in the liver and improving insulin sensitivity. Teneligliptin inhibits the enzyme DP4 inhibitor and increases the release of insulin from the pancreas. This combination is not indicated for the patients below 18 years of age.
Q. What are the possible side effects of Glypten-M?
The use of Glypten-M is associated with common side effects like hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level), altered taste, nausea, stomach pain, diarrhea, headache and upper respiratory tract infection. Its use can also lead to serious, but rare side effect like lactic acidosis. On long-term use it can also lead to vitamin B12 deficiency.
Q. Are there any specific conditions in which Glypten-M should not be taken?
The use of Glypten-M should be avoided in patients with known allergy to any of the components or excipients of this medicine. The use of this medicine is also considered to be harmful for patients with severe kidney impairment, liver impairment, congestive heart failure, lactic acidosis or diabetic ketoacidosis.
Q. Is it safe to take alcohol while I am also taking Glypten-M?
No, it is not safe to take Glypten-M along with alcohol. It can increase the chances of lactic acidosis, particularly in cases of fasting, malnutrition or hepatic impairment.
Q. Can the use of Glypten-M cause hypoglycemia?
The use of Glypten-M does not usually cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level). However, hypoglycemia may occur if there is insufficient supplementation of calories while taking this medicine. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include nausea, headache, irritability, hunger, sweating, dizziness, fast heart rate, and feeling anxious or shaky. It happens more often if you miss or delay your meal, drink alcohol, over-exercise or take other antidiabetic medicine along with it. So, regular monitoring of blood sugar level is important. Always carry glucose tablets, honey or fruit juice with you.
Q. Can the use of Glypten-M lead to Vitamin B12 deficiency?
Yes, the use of Glypten-M can cause vitamin B12 deficiency on long-term use as it interferes with the absorption of vitamin B12 in the stomach. If untreated, it may cause anemia and nerve problems and the patient can feel a tingling sensation and numbness in hands and feet, weakness, urinary problems, change in mental status and difficulty in maintaining balance (ataxia). To avoid such problems, some researchers suggest an intake of vitamin B12 from outside sources at least once every year.