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Written by
Dr. Betina Chandolia
BDS, MDS - Oral Pathology and Microbiology
Reviewed by
Dr. Ashish Ranjan
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
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Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG

Also known as Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 IgG Antibody Test
659800 17% Off
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This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. No special preparation is required.

Understanding Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG

What is Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG?

A Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test is performed to confirm if a person has been exposed to herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1, the virus that causes oral herpes infection, in the past. It does so by detecting the presence of IgG antibodies (specific proteins) that are produced in response to a past or prolonged infection. 

Herpes simplex virus (HSV), known as herpes, causes infections related to the skin. Herpes is highly contagious and can be spread through sexual contact or skin-to-skin contact with an infected person. The infection lasts a lifetime, and it causes painful or itchy sores and blisters that come and go. While herpes is not curable, it can be well managed with medicines. 

HSV-1 is one of the strains of HSV often referred to as oral herpes because it typically causes cold sores and fever blisters around the mouth and on the face. It can spread through contact with saliva such as kissing. However, HSV-1 type can infect any area of the body including the genitals. Most individuals with herpes have no symptoms or experience only mild symptoms. 

Testing plays a vital role in identifying individuals with HSV-1 infection, including asymptomatic carriers (those who do not exhibit any symptoms) who may unknowingly transmit the virus. Furthermore, early detection allows doctors to initiate timely treatment and provide necessary support and guidance to individuals suffering from HSV infection, leading to better outcomes and improved quality of life.

The Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test detects immune proteins called immunoglobulin G (IgG) that the body produces in response to a herpes infection. IgG antibodies are the most frequent type of antibody, usually produced in later stages and persist in the body for a lifetime. Therefore, the presence of IgG antibodies to HSV-1 in the blood typically indicates a past infection with HSV-1.

You do not need to fast before getting a Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG done, which means you can eat and drink as per your daily routine before the test. Talk to your doctor about your specific test results. Abnormal test results require an expert interpretation, therefore, never try to self-medicate at home based solely on these results, and always consult a doctor for proper understanding of the test results. Narrate your complete medical history and symptoms to help them correlate your clinical and laboratory findings and formulate your treatment plan. Negative results may not exclude an eventual infection, in case of uncertain results, a repeat test is recommended after 8-14 days.

What is Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG used for?

A Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test is done: 

  • To confirm the diagnosis of herpes simplex virus infection in suspected individuals with or without symptoms.

  • To find out if a person has been previously exposed to herpes infection.

  • To diagnose patients with a history of genital sores without any symptoms.

  • To identify a potential HSV infection in pregnant females without any relatable symptoms.

  • To detect the infection in your sexual partner if you are already infected.

  • To estimate and analyze the frequency of your symptoms and future outbreaks.

What does Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG measure?

A Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test determines the presence of IgG antibodies against HSV-1 in response to the Herpes infection. The body begins to make IgG antibodies around 18 to 21 days after the exposure of the virus and remains in the body for life. The presence of IgG antibodies generally indicates past exposure and immunity against herpes infection. Getting tested helps manage herpes infection and prevent it from spreading further as the HSV-1 remains dormant in the body after the initial infection and can reactivate at various times, leading to recurrent outbreaks.

Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG

Frequently Asked Questions about Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG

Q. Why is it important to get a Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test?

The Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test is important as it helps in diagnosing past HSV infections and evaluating the immune status of individuals, especially those who are immunocompromised (have weak immunity) or pregnant.

Q. How is the Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test performed?

The Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test requires a blood sample, which is usually drawn from a vein in the arm. The collected sample is then sent to a laboratory, where the level of HSV-1 IgG antibodies in the serum is measured.

Q. Can I have HSV-1 without symptoms?

Yes, many people infected with HSV-1 may not have noticeable symptoms or may have very mild symptoms that they do not recognize as being caused by the virus. These individuals can still transmit the virus to others. Therefore, getting tested is the best way to know if you are infected.

Q. Can I get infected with HSV-2 if I have HSV-1 IgG antibodies?

Yes, being infected with HSV-1 and having IgG antibodies against this virus type does not protect you from getting infected with HSV-2, the virus typically responsible for genital herpes.

Q. Can HSV-1 IgG test differentiate between oral and genital infection?

No, the HSV-1 IgG test does not provide information about the location of the infection. It only indicates that a person has been infected with the virus at some point in the past.

Q. How long after exposure will the HSV-1 IgG test become positive?

IgG antibodies to HSV-1 usually develop within 2 weeks to 3 months after infection. However, in some people, it may take up to 6 months for these antibodies to develop. Therefore, if the test is negative within the first few weeks after exposure, it may need to be repeated.

Q. Is HSV-1 infection curable?

There is currently no cure for HSV-1 infection. However, antiviral medications can be used to manage symptoms, reduce the frequency of outbreaks, and decrease the risk of transmission to others.

Q. How long does a herpes outbreak last?

Herpes outbreaks usually last for about one to two weeks, though the first outbreak after infection may last longer.

Q. What other tests can be advised along with the Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test?

The other tests that can be advised along with the Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test include viral culture test, virus antigen detection test, antibody test, and polymerase chain reaction test. Tests for other sexually transmitted diseases like HSV-2 (Herpes Simplex Virus-2), Chlamydia, Syphilis, HIV, HCV (Hepatitis C virus), and HbsAg (Hepatitis B screening) may also be advised to screen for co-infections.
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Herpes Simplex Virus 1 IgG test price for other cities

Price inBangaloreRs. 659
Price inNoidaRs. 759
Price inHyderabadRs. 659
Price inAllahabadRs. 659
Price inBhopalRs. 659
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