Test Detail
Overview
Interpreting Results
FAQ's

Content created by

Written by
Dr. Betina Chandolia
BDS, MDS - Oral Pathology and Microbiology
Reviewed by
Dr. Ashish Ranjan
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
Want to know more?
Read our Editorial Policy

Cholesterol - LDL

Cholesterol - LDL
You need to provide
Blood
This test is for
Male, Female
Test Preparation
  1. No special preparation required

Overview


What is Cholesterol - LDL?

Cholesterol - LDL stands for Cholesterol Low Density Lipoprotein. The cholesterol - LDL test is advised to determine the risk of developing heart disease and to monitor effectiveness of lipid-lowering therapy.


Why is Cholesterol - LDL done?

The cholesterol - LDL test is done:

  • As a part of routine health check-up

  • As a part of lipid profile along with cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL

  • In diagnosed case of heart disease 

  • In case of risk factors for heart disease like cigarette smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or a family history of heart disease

  • As a screening test for adults

  • In case a person is taking lipid-lowering medicines


What does Cholesterol - LDL Measure?

The cholesterol LDL test measures the levels of cholesterol LDL in the blood. LDL also known as low-density lipoprotein carries cholesterol in the blood. It consists mainly of cholesterol, similar other substances, and a small amount of protein. 


 It is very important to monitor and maintain healthy levels of lipids for staying healthy. Intake of foods that are high in saturated fats and trans unsaturated fats can raise the levels of cholesterol in the blood. The extra cholesterol gets deposited in plaques on the walls of blood vessels. This may result in atherosclerosis  (hardening of the arteries). It can also increase the risk of various other health problems such as heart disease and stroke.

The cholesterol LDL is known as “bad cholesterol” as it gets deposited in the vessels as plaque, giving rise to cardiovascular diseases. The cholesterol HDL which is the high-density lipoproteins cholesterol is known as “good cholesterol” as its role is to transport cholesterol from the arteries to the liver and thus protects the body against heart diseases.

The cholesterol LDL test helps in determining the risk of heart disease in an individual. It also helps in planning out the treatment considering other known risk factors as well. The treatment can involve changes in lifestyle such as diet and exercise or lipid-lowering medications such as statins.


Interpreting Cholesterol - LDL results


Interpretations

  • If the LDL cholesterol level is less than 100 mg/dL - Optimal 

  • If it is between 100-129 mg/dL — Near optimal, above optimal 

  • Levels between 130-159 mg/dL — Borderline high 

  • Level between 160-189 mg/dL — High 

  • Greater than 189 mg/dL— Very high

Low levels of LDL cholesterol are not generally a concern and are not monitored.


Answers to Patient Concerns & Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Cholesterol - LDL


Frequently Asked Questions about Cholesterol - LDL

Q. What are the risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases?
The risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases other than LDL cholesterol levels include smoking cigarettes, obesity, diabetes or prediabetes, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, age (above 45 years for males and above 50 years for females), hypertension and undergoing treatment for hypertension. Other conditions which can act as risk factors include history of premature heart disease in immediate family and previous diagnosis of heart disease or heart attack.
Q. What is meant by “good” and “bad” cholesterols?
Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol or LDL-C is also called “bad cholesterol”. These low-density particles easily come out from blood and get deposited in the vessels as plaque, giving rise to cardiovascular diseases. High Density Lipoproteins Cholesterol or HDL-C is called “good cholesterol”. These high-density particles can pick up LDL-C particles while flowing through blood vessels and help transport them to the liver for disposal.
Q. How is the blood sample taken?
The healthcare provider takes a blood sample from the arm. The site from where the blood is to be withdrawn is cleaned with a swab of rubbing alcohol. This is then followed by inserting a small needle which has a tube attached to it for collecting blood. Once the sufficient blood for analysis is withdrawn, the needle is removed. The site is then covered with a gauze pad.
Q. Is there any risk associated with the withdrawal of blood sample procedure?
As such there is no risk but in few cases, bruising, bleeding, and infection at the puncture site can be seen. In very few cases, there can be swelling of the vein after the blood is withdrawn.
+ more

NABL

ISO

CAP

Sterling Accuris Diagnostics is an ISO 9001:2015 Certified Company. It is the largest and most comprehensive pathology laboratory of Gujarat. At Sterling Accuris Diagnostics, we provide a wide range of pathology services that fit the needs of an individual. Moreover, we have the expert team of pathology specialists and the technologically advanced infrastructure to help meet individual needs.
Know More
User Reviews

P
Praful
Best
K
Kinnari Patel
Nice

Available at Other Labs



INDIA’S LARGEST HEALTHCARE PLATFORM

150M+
Visitors
25M+
Orders Delivered
1000+
Cities
Get the link to download App
Reliable

All products displayed on 1mg are procured from verified and licensed pharmacies. All labs listed on the platform are accredited

Secure

1mg uses Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 128-bit encryption and is Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliant

Affordable

Enjoy 20% off on allopathy medicines, up to 50% off on health products, up to 80% off on lab tests and free doctor consultations

Know More About 1mgdownArrow
Access medical and health information

1mg provides you with medical information which is curated, written and verified by experts, accurate and trustworthy. Our experts create high-quality content about medicines, diseases, lab investigations, Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products, Ayurvedic herbs/ingredients, and alternative remedies.

Order medicines online

Get free medicine home delivery in over 1000 cities across India. You can also order Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and other Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products. Your safety is our top priority. All products displayed on 1mg are procured from verified and licensed pharmacies.

Book lab tests

Book any lab tests and preventive health packages from certified labs and get tested from the comfort of your home. Enjoy free home sample collection, view reports online and consult a doctor online for free.

Consult a doctor online

Got a health query? Consult doctors online from the comfort of your home for free. Chat privately with our registered medical specialists to connect directly with verified doctors. Your privacy is guaranteed.