How it works
Common side effects
- Melphalan to be taken on an empty stomach 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals. Drink at least two to three quarts of fluid every 24 hours, unless you are instructed otherwise.
- You may be at risk of infection so try to avoid contact with people with cold, fever or any other signs of infection.
- Avoid exposure to sunlight. Use sunscreen lotion and protective clothing.
- You may be monitored periodically for complete blood counts (at least one determination prior to each treatment course) during the course of treatment.
- Melphalan may increase the risk that you will develop other cancers. Talk with your doctor about the risks of taking melphalan.
- Do not take live vaccines if you are an immunocompromised patient.
- Use of melphalan is not recommended in children.
- Use with melphalan extreme caution if your bone marrow reserve have been compromised by prior irradiation or chemotherapy, or if your marrow function is recovering from previous cytotoxic therapy.
- Use appropriate contraceptive methods to avoid pregnancy during melphalan treatment.
Frequently asked questions
Q. Is melphalan a vesicant (irritant)?
Melphalan is not a vesicant but an anti-cancer drug
Q. How is melphalan given?
Melphalan is given by oral or intravenous route; dosing varies by purpose and route of administration as well as patient weight
Q. Does melphalan cause hair loss/ neuropathy/ liver damage?
Melphalan causes hair loss as one of the side effects. but cause for liver damage and neuropathy is not known
Q. How does melphalan work/ how does melphalan kill cancer cells?
Melphalan belongs to class of drugs called alkylating agents. It works by stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells in your body.