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Emtricitabine is used in the treatment of HIV infection.

How it works

Emtricitabine belongs to class of medication called antiretroviral medicines. It works by inhibiting the enzyme needed for DNA synthesis (nucleoside reverse transcriptase) thereby lowering the growth and decrease the amount of HIV in body.

Common side effects

Nausea, Liver enzyme increased, Abdominal pain, Abnormal dreams, Hormone imbalance, Allergic reaction, Slow growth in children and teenagers, Diarrhoea, Dizziness, Eye swelling, Lip swelling, Headache, Increased glucose level in blood, Increased triglyceride level in blood, Increased creatine kinase level in blood, Indigestion, Insomnia, Rash, Itching, Vomiting, Pain, Weakness


No medicine available

Expert advice

  • Do not take emtricitabine capsule/oral solution, if you are allergic to emtricitabine or any other ingredient of capsule/oral solution.
  • Stop taking emtricitabine, if you suffer from deep or rapid breathing, drowsiness, nausea (urge to vomit), vomiting and stomach pain.
  • Do not take emtricitabine, if you have kidney or liver problems; if you are overweight or have diabetes, high cholesterol.

Frequently asked questions


Q.What class is emtricitabine?
Emtricitabine and tenofovir belongs to class of antiretroviral medicines

Q.What is emtricitabine and tenofovir?
Emtricitabine and tenofovir used for treatment of HIV infection

Q.What is emtricitabine used for?
Emtricitabine is used in combination with other medicines to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

Q.How does emtricitabine work?
Emtricitabine works by inhibiting the enzyme for DNA synthesis (nucleoside reverse transcriptase) thereby lowering the growth and decrease the amount of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in body

Q.Why emtricitabine is called FTC?
FTC is the short form assigned to emtricitabine for common referral term.

Content on this page was last updated on 12 November, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)