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Carmustine is used in the treatment of brain tumor

How it works

Carmustine works by damaging the genetic material (DNA) of the cancer cells and stops their growth and multiplication.

Common side effects

Lung infection, Rash, Reduced blood platelets, Headache, Pain in anal region, Dizziness, Back pain, Blurred vision, Convulsion, Myelosuppression, Coordination disorder, Pelvic pain, Increased magnesium level in blood, Facial swelling, Insomnia, Sleepiness, Mouth ulcer, Weakness, Vomiting, Allergic reaction, Nausea, Decreased potassium level in blood, Abdominal pain, Infection, Loss of appetite, Bone-marrow suppression, Brain swelling, Decreased white blood cell count, Cns toxicity, Hair loss, Fatigue, Anxiety, Fever, Increased liver enzymes, Anemia, Decreased blood cells (red cells, white cells, and platelets), Hallucination, Thrombophlebitis, Urinary tract infection, Diarrhoea, Blood in urine, Depression, Vertigo, Speech disorder, Confusion, Chest pain, Mucosal inflammation, Drowsiness, Gastritis, Memory loss, Decreased white blood cell count (neutrophils), Constipation, Aggravation of depression, Stomatitis, Hemiparesis (weakness on one side of the body), Uncoordinated body movements, Decreased white blood cell count (lymphocytes), Viral infection, Increased glucose level in blood, Hemiplegia (paralysis of one side of the body)

Available Medicine

  • ₹3497
    Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
    1 variant(s)
  • ₹4255
    Therdose Pharma Pvt Ltd
    1 variant(s)

Expert advice

  • Caution is to be exercised by patients with bone marrow suppression, breathing problems or lung disease and elderly patients.
  • Carmustine lowers immune response making you susceptible to infections. Therefore avoid contact with people suffering from cold or infections.
  • Carmustine reduces body’s ability to clot blood. Hence, in case of injury /bruising or presence of blood in the stools notify your doctor.
  • Do not consume this drug if you are allergic to carmustine or any of its ingredients.
  • Avoid activities that may increase your risk of bleeding or injury.
  • Tell your doctor if you are or planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.

Frequently asked questions



Is carmustine safe?
Carmustine is safe if taken at prescribed dose and duration as advised by your doctor


Is carmustine a vesicant?
Carmustine is classified under irritants amongst chemotherapy drugs. However when administered at high doses it can act as vesicant


Does carmustine inhibit DNA replication?
Yes, Carmustine works by preventing DNA replication.

Content on this page was last updated on 23 February, 2017, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)