Description of Sinusitis

Definition of Sinusitis
Sinusitis means your sinuses are inflamed. The cause can be an infection or another problem. Your sinuses are hollow air spaces within the bones surrounding the nose. They produce mucus, which drains into the nose. If your nose is swollen, this can block the sinuses and cause pain.

There are several types of sinusitis, including:
1. Acute, which lasts up to 4 weeks
2. Subacute, which lasts 4 to 12 weeks
3. Chronic, which lasts more than 12 weeks and can continue for months or even years
4. Recurrent, with several attacks within a year
Acute sinusitis often starts as a cold, which then turns into a bacterial infection. Allergies, nasal problems, and certain diseases can also cause acute and chronic sinusitis.
Signs and Symptoms of Sinusitis
Symptoms of sinusitis may include:
1. Fever
2. Weakness
3. Fatigue
4. Cough
5. Congestion
There may also be mucus drainage in the back of the throat, called postnasal drip.
1. Your doctor will examine you physically based on your symptoms.
2. Your doctor may ask you to get some tests done.
Treatment of Sinusitis
Treatments include:
1. Antibiotics
2. Decongestants
3. Pain reliever
4. Using heat pads on the inflamed area, saline nasal sprays, and vaporizers can also help
NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Content Details
Last updated on:
01 Feb 2018 | 10:19 AM (IST)
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