Amla

Amla
Amla also known as “Indian gooseberry” is the richest natural source of vitamin C. It helps prevent aging, greying of hair and boosts immunity.
It has five different tastes such as sweet, sour, bitter, astringent and pungent.
According to Ayurveda, Amla is one of the best Rasayanic tonics that helps to brighten the skin, purifies blood and improves eyesight. Amla juice is used to reduce acidity and gives relief from flatulence. It is also known to possess anti-diabetic property and helps control blood sugar level[1][2][4].

What are the synonyms of Amla?

Emblica officinalis, Indian gooseberry, Amalaka, Amrtaphala, Dhatriphala, Amlakhi, Aonla, Ambala, Nellikayi, Nellikka, Anvala, Anala, Aula, Nelli, Usirika, Amli, Amlaj

What is the source of Amla?

Plant Based

Benefits of Amla

What are the benefits of Amla for Indigestion?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla helps manage indigestion by improving the Pachak Agni (digestion fire). It also helps in easy expulsion of stool due to its Rechana (mild laxative) property.

What are the benefits of Amla for High cholesterol?

scientific
Scientific View
Amla might be useful in controlling high cholesterol. PPAR-α is the main protein involved in lipid and cholesterol metabolism. Amla helps to increase the level of PPAR-α, thereby reducing the level of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, VLDL cholesterol and triglycerides in the body[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla improves body metabolism and helps lower cholesterol by increasing the Pachak Agni (digestive fire).

What are the benefits of Amla for Diabetes?

scientific
Scientific View
Amla helps to improve the glucose metabolism in diabetic patients therefore reducing the fasting and postprandial blood glucose levels in the body. Amla also lowers the risk of various diabetic complications by fighting against the free radicals, decreasing the inflammatory mediators and improving the function of blood vessels[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla helps to control blood sugar level by regulating carbohydrate metabolism due to its Kashaya (astringent) and Rasayana (rejuvenating) properties.

What are the benefits of Amla for Diarrhoea?

scientific
Scientific View
Excessive contraction of the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract causes diarrhea with abdominal pain and cramping. Amla has antispasmodic property and helps relax the smooth muscles of the abdomen[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla helps to control diarrhea due to its Kashaya (astringent) and Sita (cold) properties which help reduce contraction of the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract.

What are the benefits of Amla for Obesity?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla helps control weight by improving the metabolism due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) property.

What are the benefits of Amla for Osteoarthritis?

scientific
Scientific View
Amla might help in reducing pain and improve mobility in osteoarthritis by protecting the cartilage cushion between the joints[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
In Ayurveda, Osteoarthritis is called Sandhivata in which an aggravated Vata causes pain and swelling in the joints. Amla has Vata balancing property and relieves pain and improves mobility.

What are the benefits of Amla for Joint pain?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla helps to control joint pains and swelling due to an aggravated Vata. Amla has Vata balancing property and relieves pain and improves mobility.

What are the benefits of Amla for Dysentery?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla helps manage bloody diarrhea (dysentery) due to its Kashaya (astringent) property. It helps control bleeding and reduce contraction of the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract.

What are the benefits of Amla for Pancreatitis?

scientific
Scientific View
Since there is no definite cure for acute pancreatitis, Amla shows a protective action by fighting against the free radicals and reducing the number of inflammatory mediators[4].

What are the benefits of Amla for Cancer?

scientific
Scientific View
Vitamin C in Amla is known to increase the activity of natural killer cells leading to toxicity and breakdown of the cancerous cells. Amla also inhibits the growth and multiplication of cancer cells to some extent by inhibiting the enzymes topoisomerase and cdc25 tyrosine phosphatase[4].

How effective is Amla?

Insufficient evidence
Atherosclerosis (plaque deposition inside the arteries), Cancer, Diabetes, Diarrhoea, Dysentery, High cholesterol, Indigestion, Joint pain, Obesity, Osteoarthritis, Pancreatitis

Precautions when using Amla

Advice from Experts
scientific
Scientific View
Amla might increase the risk of bleeding or bruising in people with bleeding disorders. Therefore, Amla should be used with caution in such cases[3].
scientific
Scientific View
Amla might increase the risk of bleeding during and after surgery. So it is advisable to stop taking Amla at least 2 weeks before the scheduled surgery[3].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla should be taken in a recommended dose and for a recommended duration under an Ayurvedic doctor’s supervision. A high dose can cause dryness in the skin.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla should be avoided in case of excessive Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion).
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla should be avoided in case of aggravated Kapha problems like coughing.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla should be avoided at night due to its cold potency and astringent taste.
Breastfeeding
scientific
Scientific View
Due to lack of scientific evidence, medicinal use of Amla should be avoided during breastfeeding[3].
Patients with diabetes
Important
scientific
Scientific View
Amla may lower blood glucose level. So it is generally advised to monitor the the blood glucose level in patients with diabetes or hypoglycemia or people taking other drugs or supplements that lower blood sugar[3].
Patients with liver disease
scientific
Scientific View
Amla should be used cautiously in patients with liver disease[3].
Pregnancy
scientific
Scientific View
Due to lack of scientific evidence, medicinal use of Amla should be avoided during pregnancy[3].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Scientific View
As such there are no side effects reported for Amla and its use is likely safe for most of the people when consumed in foods amounts. However, it is not advisable to consume Amla during night time as it may be bad for the teeth[3][6].

Recommended Dosage of Amla

  • Amla Juice - 3-4 teaspoon once or twice a day
  • Amla Powder - ¼- ½ teaspoon twice a day
  • Amla Capsule - 1-2 capsules twice a day
  • Amla Tablet - 1-2 tablets twice a day
  • Amla Candy - 5-10 pieces in a day

How to use Amla

1. Amla raw fruit
a. Take 2-3 pieces of raw Amla fruit.
b. Sprinkle a pinch of salt to taste.
c. Enjoy the tangy Amla before meal to relieve hyperacidity.

2. Amla Juice
a. Take 3-4 teaspoons of Amla Juice.
b. Add same quantity of water and drink before taking food once or twice a day.

3. Amla Churna
a. Take ¼ to ½ teaspoon of Amla churna.
b. Mix it with honey or drink with water before taking lunch and dinner.

4. Amla Capsule
a. Take 1-2 Amla Capsule.
b. Swallow them with water, twice a day, before or after meals.

5. Amla Tablet
a. Take 1-2 Amla Tablet.
b. Swallow them with water, twice a day, before or after meals.

6. Amla Candy
a. Take 5-10 pieces of Amla candy.
b. Eat them before or after meals.

7. Amla Murabba
a. Wash 20 Amla's and prick them with the help of fork at a regular interval.
b. Boil 1-2 cups of water in a pan add prickled Amla's to it, cook for 10 mins till them become soft.
c. Now, make a sugar syrup by adding 2 cups of sugar in 2 cups of boiling water and simmering on the low flame till the consistency become thick.
d. Add boiled Amla's to the sugar syrup
e. Let it stand for 1-2 hours till the alma properly absorbs the sugar syrup.
f. Enjoy the 5-6 Amla murabba in a day.
g. Take them preferably before lunch and dinner.

8. Amla Chutney
a. Take ½ cups of Amla.
b. Add 1 cup of chopped coriander and 2-4 green chillies to it.
c. Also add a pinch of hing and salt as per your taste.
d. Enjoy the tangy Amla chutney with meals.

9. Amla Juice
a. Take 3-4 pieces of Amla, 2 carrot, and 1 beetroot cut them in small pieces.
b. Now put all the ingredients into a juicer and extract the juice.
c. Strain the juice with a strainer.
d. Add ½ lemon and salt to taste.
e. Enjoy the tangy juice with goodness of Amla which helps in detoxification and digestion[2].

10. Amla ka Achar
a. Take ½ kg of Amla, wash and cut them into pieces.
b. Boil 2 cups of water in a pan, add Amla pieces and boil for 10 mins.
c. Heat 2 teaspoons of oil in a pan and add ½ teaspoon of jeera, hing and sauf to it.
d. Now add boiled pieces of Amla to in the pan.
e. Also add ½ teaspoons of turmeric, coriander and red chilli powder.
f. Add salt to taste.
g. Enjoy the tangy Amla achar with meals or snacks.
h. You can store and use this achar for 5-7 days.

Benefits of Amla

What are the benefits of Amla for Eye disorders?

scientific
Scientific View
Amla might be useful to manage a number of eye disorders like lacrimation (tear formation), redness, burning, itching of the eye and in improvement of the eyesight. Tannins in Amla help to manage diabetic cataract and also prevent loss of vision by reducing the fluid pressure in the eye. Due to its antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, Amla is known as a natural eye tonic[4][5].

How effective is Amla?

Insufficient evidence
Eye disorders, Vitiligo

Precautions when using Amla

Allergy
scientific
Scientific View
Apply Amla to a small area first to test for possible allergic reaction. People who are allergic to Amla or its constituents should use it under Ayurvedic doctor’s supervision.
Tip:
Only fresh Amla juice or paste should be used externally as commercially available Amla products contain preservative which can cause skin irritations.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla based oil should be avoided at night during winter season due to its cold potency.
scientific
Scientific View
Amla based oil should be avoided at night during winter season due to its cold potency.

Recommended Dosage of Amla

  • Amla Paste - ½- 1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.
  • Amla Oil - 2-5 drops or as per your requirement.
  • Amla Juice - 1 to 2 teaspoon or as per your requirement.
  • Amla Powder - 1-2 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Amla

1. Amla Paste
a. Boil 2-4 raw amla fruits and crush them to form a paste.
b. Add coconut oil into the amla paste.
c. Apply it on the skin and keep for 30-60 minutes and wash with lukewarm water.
d. Use it once a day[2].

2. Amla Oil
a. Use Amla based oil on the scalp 2-3 times a week for thick and long hairs.
b. For excessive dryness use daily[8].

3. Amla Juice
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon Amla juice.
b. Mix with rose water or freshwater
c. Apply it on the skin and keep for 30-60 minutes and wash with lukewarm water.
d. Use it once a day.

4. Amla Powder
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon Amla powder.
b. Mix with water and make a smooth paste.
c. Apply it on the affected area for 30-60 minutes and wash with lukewarm water.
d. Use it once a day.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What are some of the other uses of Amla?

scientific
Scientific View
Amla is used in shampoos and in the dyeing industry. It is used in sauces, candy, dried chips, pickle, jellies and powder. Amla extract is used in ink and the wood is used in firework.

Q. How to store Amla fruit?

scientific
Scientific View
Amla fruit is seasonal and not available throughout the year. Thus, it can be frozen or dried and used as and when required.

Q. Does Amla work as a cardioprotective?

scientific
Scientific View
The antioxidant property of Amla helps to fight against the free radicals and inhibit the oxidation of LDL cholesterol. This reduces plaque formation in the blood vessels and minimizes the risk of blockage and heart attacks[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla has cardioprotective property. It increases the Pachak Agni (digestive fire) and controls the level of high cholesterol which helps maintain a healthy heart.

Q. Does Amla have a role managing the neurological disorders?

scientific
Scientific View
Amla can be used for the management of dementia, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease due to its anti-cholinesterase activity. Amla also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory property. It fights against free radicals and inhibits the inflammatory mediators to reduce brain damage and improve cognitive function.

Q. Does Amla have hepatoprotective property?

scientific
Scientific View
The constituents in Amla shows antioxidant property and fights against the free radicals to prevent the damage of liver cells. Amla also helps reduce inflammation of the liver by lowering the level of inflammatory mediators and liver enzymes[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla helps in the proper functioning of liver by increasing the Pachak Agni (digestive fire). Amla also helps prevent degeneration of liver cells due to its Rasayana property. It also stimulates the liver to eliminate toxins from the body.

Q. Does Amla have a role managing the gastrointestinal problems?

scientific
Scientific View
Amla helps to reduce the damage of stomach lining by increasing mucin that protects the gastrointestinal tract from acid attack, harmful micro-organisms and physical trauma. Gallic acid in Amla protects the mucosal lining of stomach and helps in ulcer healing. Thus, Amla is known to have anti-secretory and anti-ulcer action and works as a gastroprotective agent[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla helps to reduce gastrointestinal problems by improving the Pachak Agni (digestion fire). It also helps in easy expulsion of stool due to its Rechana (mild laxative) property.

Q. Does Amla have a role in bone disorders?

scientific
Scientific View
Bone disorders like osteoporosis is due to an increased activity of osteoclast cells that erode the bone to release its mineral content. Amla is known to have anti-osteoclastic and anti-resorptive activity and helps control the loss of mineral content from the bones. In case of arthritis, Amla is known to ease movement by protecting the cartilage cushion between the joints[4].

Q. What does Amla do to your skin?

scientific
Scientific View
Amla gives strength and elasticity to the skin by helping formation of new skin cells. It also protects the skin and prevents damage by UV rays due to its strong antioxidant properties. Thus, Amla can be used in anti-aging, sunscreen and other skin care products[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla is good for skin due to its Ropan (healing) and Rasayan properties. It is also good for controlling acne and inflammation due to its Pitta pacifying nature. Amla also helps control excessive oil on the skin due to its Kashaya (astringent) effects.

Q. What does Amla do to your hair?

scientific
Scientific View
Application of Amla on the hair is useful for reducing hair fall and promote hair growth. Due to its antioxidant property, Amla fights against the free radicals and prevents premature or early graying of hair. All these benefits make Amla a potent hair tonic[1][7][8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amla is the most preferred ingredient for maintaining hair health due to its Ropan (healing) and Rasayana (rejuvenating) properties. It strengthens hair follicles and prevent hair damage. Amla also has Kashaya (astringent) and Sita (cold) nature which stimulates hair growth and provides relief to dry and itchy scalp by reducing dandruff.
Tips:
1. Take 5-6 Amla.
2. Remove the seed and cut it into small pieces.
3. Now take 1 cup of coconut oil.
4. Add the Amla pieces to it.
5. Heat this mixture till the Amla does not turn black.
6. Switch off the gas and let the mixture cool.
7. Strain this mixture and store it in a bottle.
8. Apply this on your scalp and hair twice a week to curb hair fall and premature greying of hair.

Q. Does Amla help in wound healing?

scientific
Scientific View
. Topical application of Amla juice accelerates wound healing and helps in preventing infection of the wound. Amla also reduces pain by blocking the inflammatory mediators in the body[5].

References

  1. HK Bakhru.Foods that Heal, The Natural Way to Good Health.1990. Orient Paperbacks.
  2. Jain A, Garg N.Therapeutic and medicinal uses of Amalaki: A review.World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.2017;6(2):512-524.
  3. WebMD.Indian-gooseberry:Uses, Side effects, Interactions, Dosage [Internet]. Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  4. Variya BC, Bakrania AK, Patel SS. Emblica officinalis (Amla): A review for its phytochemistry, ethnomedicinal uses and medicinal potentials with respect to molecular mechanisms.Pharmacological Research.2016;111:180-200.
  5. Dasaroju S, Gottumukala KM.Current trends in the research of Emblica officinalis (Amla): A pharmacological perspective.Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res.2014;24(2):150-159.
  6. Pradhan SL, Pradhan PS.Ayurvedic medicine and anaesthesia.Indian J Anaesth.2011;55(4):334–339.
  7. Patel S, Sharma V, Chauhan NS, et al.Hair growth: Focus on herbal therapeutic agent.Current Drug Discovery Technologies.2015;12(1).
  8. Luanpitpong S, Nimmannit U, Pongrakhananon V, et al. Emblica (Phyllanthus emblica Linn.) fruit extract promotes proliferation in dermal papilla cell of human hair follicle.Res J Med Plant.2011;5:95-100.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.