Ferric Chloride Test
Understanding Ferric Chloride Test
What is Ferric Chloride Test?
This test is used for the diagnosis of phenylketonuria. It checks for the presence of phenols and phenylpyruvate in the urine sample which indicates an individual's disability to digest phenylalanine, an essential amino acid for body.
This test is mostly used as a screening test in case of newborns, however older children with symptoms such as delayed development, intellectual difficulties, musty odor in the breath, skin or urine and microcephaly, should get tested.
If left untreated severe conditions such as intellectual disability, seizures, delayed development, behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders can arise.
What is Ferric Chloride Test used for?
- The test is performed when symptoms of metabolic disorders appear like rapid or random weight gain or loss, abnormal bowel movements, fatigue and weakness
- To evaluate overdose of drugs like aspirin
- As screening test for Phenylketonuria